signal level (dB)log (distance)
if we smooth out the fast fading, the signal variation
received is called the “local mean” or the slow fading.
caused by obstructions near the mobile such asbuildings, bridges and trees and this may cause a rapidchange of the local mean (in the range of 5 to 50 meters).
because slow fading reduces the average strengthreceived, the total coverage from the transmitter is reduced.SOLUTION:
fading margin must be used.