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Cell Planning 2

Cell Planning 2

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Published by Susanka Sanjeewa

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Published by: Susanka Sanjeewa on Dec 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/21/2012

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FADINGS
signal level (dB)log (distance)global mean valuelog normal fadinglocal mean valueslow fadingshadowinglong-term fadingrayleigh fadingfast fadingshort-term fadingso many namesto make lifeworst!
 
FAST FADING
signal level (dB)log (distance)
present due to the fact that the mobile antenna is lowerthan the surrounding structures such as trees and buildings.
peak-to-peak distance is ~ lambda/2 (in GSM ~ 17 cm)
affects the signal quality and can lead to signal level belowthe receiver sensitivity.SOLUTIONS:
use more power at the transmitter (providing a fadingmargin).
use space diversity.
 
SLOW FADING
signal level (dB)log (distance)
if we smooth out the fast fading, the signal variation
received is called the “local mean” or the slow fading.
 
caused by obstructions near the mobile such asbuildings, bridges and trees and this may cause a rapidchange of the local mean (in the range of 5 to 50 meters).
because slow fading reduces the average strengthreceived, the total coverage from the transmitter is reduced.SOLUTION:
fading margin must be used.

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