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Profile - United States

Profile - United States

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Published by: anthonyh80 on Dec 21, 2012
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Country List
World Factbook Home
The World Factbook
United States
IntroductionUnited States
Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 andwere recognized as the new nation of the United States of Americafollowing the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20thcenturies, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nationexpanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation'shistory were the Civil War (1861-65), in which a northern Union of states defeated a secessionist Confederacy of 11 southern slave states,and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn duringwhich about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs. Buoyed by victoriesin World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the USremains the world's most powerful nation state. The economy is markedby steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advancesin technology.
GeographyUnited States
North America, bordering both the North AtlanticOcean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canadaand Mexico
Page 1 of 13CIA - The World Factbook -- United States10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/us.html
Geographic coordinates:
38 00 N, 97 00 W
Map references:
North America
9,826,630 sq km
9,161,923 sq km
664,707 sq km
includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia
Area - comparative:
about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the sizeof Africa; about half the size of South America (orslightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China;more than twice the size of the European Union
Land boundaries:
12,034 km
border countries:
Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba isleased by the US and is part of Cuba; the baseboundary is 28 km
19,924 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea:
12 nm
contiguous zone:
24 nm
exclusive economic zone:
200 nm
continental shelf:
not specified
mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida,arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of theMississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of thesouthwest; low winter temperatures in the northwestare ameliorated occasionally in January and Februaryby warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of theRocky Mountains
vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and lowmountains in east; rugged mountains and broad rivervalleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography inHawaii
Elevation extremes:
lowest point:
Death Valley -86 m
highest point:
Mount McKinley 6,198 m
Natural resources:
coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium,bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver,tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Land use:
arable land:
 permanent crops:
81.78% (2005)
Irrigated land:
223,850 sq km (2003)Page 2 of 13CIA - The World Factbook -- United States10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/us.html
Total renewable water resources:
3,069 cu km (1985)
Freshwater withdrawal(domestic/industrial/agricultural):
477 cu km/yr (13%/46%/41%)
 per capita:
1,600 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards:
tsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity aroundPacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast;mud slides in California; forest fires in the west;flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a majorimpediment to development
Environment - current issues:
air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US andCanada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbondioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollutionfrom runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited naturalfresh water resources in much of the western part of thecountry require careful management; desertification
Environment - internationalagreements:
 party to:
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides,Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-MarineLiving Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty,Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species,Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, MarineLife Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, ShipPollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-PersistentOrganic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile OrganicCompounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-KyotoProtocol, Hazardous Wastes
Geography - note:
world's third-largest country by size (after Russia andCanada) and by population (after China and India); Mt.McKinley is highest point in North America and DeathValley the lowest point on the continent
PeopleUnited States
303,824,640 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:
20.1% (male 31,257,108/female 29,889,645)
15-64 years:
67.1% (male 101,825,901/female 102,161,823)
65 years and over:
12.7% (male 16,263,255/female 22,426,914) (2008est.)
Median age:
36.7 years
35.4 years
38.1 years (2008 est.)
Populationgrowth rate:
0.883% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
14.18 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)Page 3 of 13CIA - The World Factbook -- United States10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/us.html

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