Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Profile - Canada 2011

Profile - Canada 2011

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2 |Likes:
Published by anthonyh80

More info:

Published by: anthonyh80 on Dec 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Background:A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation hasdeveloped in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the World's longest unfortifiedborder. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvementsin health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding tothe particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop itsdiverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.Location:Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean onthe west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous USGeographic coordinates:60 00 N, 95 00 WMap references:North AmericaArea:total: 9,984,670 sq kmcountry comparison to the world:2land: 9,093,507 sq kmwater: 891,163 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly larger than the USLand boundaries:total: 8,893 kmborder countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
Canada is the World's largest country that borders only one countryCoastline:202,080 kmNorth America 
Canadapage last updated on November 21, 2012 Introduction::CanadaGeography::Canada
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/count...1 of 1512/2/2012 7:21 PM
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmcontiguous zone: 24 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in northTerrain:mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeastElevation extremes:lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mount Logan 5,959 mNatural resources:iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds,silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropowerLand use:arable land: 4.57%permanent crops: 0.65%other: 94.78% (2005)Irrigated land:8,550 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:3,300 cu km (1985)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 44.72 cu km/yr (20%/69%/12%)per capita: 1,386 cu m/yr (1996)Natural hazards:continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and NorthAmerican interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountainsvolcanism: the vast majority of volcanoes in Western Canada's Coast Mountains remain dormantEnvironment - current issues:air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting,coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; oceanwaters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activitiesEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants,Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change,Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of theSea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, TropicalTimber 94, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Marine Life ConservationGeography - note:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/count...2 of 1512/2/2012 7:21 PM
second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via northpolar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US borderNationality:noun: Canadian(s)adjective: CanadianEthnic groups:British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostlyAsian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%Languages:English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)Religions:Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%,Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001census)Population:34,300,083 (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world:35Age structure:0-14 years: 15.6% (male 2,740,240/ female 2,605,345)15-64 years: 68.1% (male 11,803,966/ female 11,541,400)65 years and over: 16.4% (male 2,474,842/ female 3,134,290) (2012 est.)Median age:total: 41.2 yearsmale: 40 yearsfemale: 42.4 years (2012 est.)Population growth rate:0.784% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world:136Birth rate:10.28 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)country comparison to the world:189Death rate:8.09 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world:95Net migration rate:5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)country comparison to the world:18Urbanization:urban population: 81% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major cities - population:Toronto 5.377 million; Montreal 3.75 million; Vancouver 2.197 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.17million; Calgary 1.16 million (2009)Sex ratio:People and Society::Canada
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/count...3 of 1512/2/2012 7:21 PM

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->