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Profile - Christmas Island

Profile - Christmas Island

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Published by: anthonyh80 on Dec 21, 2012
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04/07/2015

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Country List
|
World Factbook Home
 
The World Factbook
 
Christmas Island
Introduction Christmas Island
Background:
Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed andsettlement began by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
Geography Christmas Island
Location:
Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Geographiccoordinates:
10 30 S, 105 40 E
Map references:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total:
135 sq km
land:
135 sq km
water:
0 sq km
Area -comparative:
about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
 
Page 1 of 6CIA - The World Factbook -- Christmas Island10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/kt.html
 
Landboundaries:
0 km
Coastline:
138.9 km
Maritimeclaims:
territorial sea:
12 nm
contiguous zone:
12 nm
exclusive fishing zone:
200 nm
Climate:
tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; heat andhumidity moderated by trade winds
Terrain:
steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Elevationextremes:
lowest point:
Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point:
Murray Hill 361 m
Naturalresources:
phosphate, beaches
Land use:
arable land:
0%
 permanent crops:
0%
other:
100% (mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a nationalpark) (2005)
Irrigated land:
NA
Naturalhazards:
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Environment -current issues:
loss of rainforest; impact of phosphate mining
Geography -note:
located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
People Christmas Island
Population:
1,402 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years:
NA
15-64 years:
NA
65 years and over:
NA
Populationgrowth rate:
0% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
NA (2008 est.)
Death rate:
NA (2008 est.)
Net migrationrate:
NA (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
NA
Infant mortalityrate:
total:
NA
male:
NAPage 2 of 6CIA - The World Factbook -- Christmas Island10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/kt.html
 
 female:
NA (2008 est.)
Life expectancyat birth:
total population:
NA
male:
NA
 female:
NA (2008 est.)
Total fertilityrate:
NA (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adultprevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS -people livingwith HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS -deaths:
NA
Nationality:
noun:
Christmas Islander(s)
adjective:
Christmas Island
Ethnic groups:
Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
note:
no indigenous population (2001)
Religions:
Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)
Languages:
English (official), Chinese, Malay
Literacy:
NA
Government Christmas Island
Country name:
conventional long form:
Territory of Christmas Island
conventional short form:
Christmas Island
Dependencystatus:
non-self governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra bythe Australian Attorney-General's Department
Governmenttype:
NA
Capital:
name:
The Settlement
geographic coordinates:
10 25 S, 105 43 E
time difference:
UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC duringStandard Time)
Administrativedivisions:
none (territory of Australia)
Independence:
none (territory of Australia)
Nationalholiday:
Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
Constitution:
Christmas Island Act of 1958-59 (1 October 1958) as amended by theTerritories Law Reform Act of 1992
Legal system:
Page 3 of 6CIA - The World Factbook -- Christmas Island10/4/2008https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/kt.html

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