he eltive moleculr mss is lsoclled the eltve formul mssespecilly for ionic substces.onistion enegies re lysendothermic nd elte to thefomtion of postive ion.
Much of chemitry deend uon Coulomb' Law which tate that theelectrotatic force of atraction,
i given by:
are the charge on he obect (eg. the nucleu, anelectron, ion etc.) and i the quare of the ditance between their
Thi mean that the bigger the charge the bigger the force, andthe further the centre are aart, the weaker the force.
Things to learn
Atmc numbe Z
of an element i the number of roton in thenucleu of it aom
of an iotoe i the number of roon lu henumber of neutron in the nucleu.
are atom of the ame element which have the ame numberof roton but differen number of neutron. They have the ameaomic number but different ma number.
Reate atmc mass
of an element i he
ma(taking into account he abundance of each iotoe) of the aom ofha element relative to /12h he ma of a carbon12 atom.
Relate stpic mass
i he ma of one atom of an iotoe relativeto /12ththe ma of a carbon12 aom.
Relate mlecua mass
of a ubtance i the um of all therelative atomic mae of it conituent atom
i he ma of one mole of the ubtance t unit aregram er mole (g mo), and i i numerically equal to the relaivemolecular ma.
1st nsatn ene
i the amount of energy required er moleto
one electron from each gaeou atom to form a inglyoitive ion
2nd nsatn enegy
i the energy change er mole for theremoval of an electron from a ingly oitive gaeou ion to form adoubly oiive ion