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Table Of Contents

INTRODuCTION
PREhISTORy
Early Humans
Neolithic Period
Climate and Environment
food Production
Major Cultures and Sites
Incipient Neolithic
Silk
ThE fIRST hISTORICaL DyNaSTy: ThE ShaNg
The Advent of Bronze Casting
ThE hISTORy Of ThE ZhOu (1046–256 BC)
Zhou and Shang
The Zhou Feudal System
Urbanization and Assimilation
SOCIaL, POLITICaL, aND CuLTuRaL ChaNgES
The Decline of Feudalism
The Rise of Monarchy
Economic Development
Cultural Change
The Qin State
ThE QIN EMPIRE (221–207 BC)
Struggle for Power
The Empire
great Wall of China
Xi (Western) Han
Prelude to the han
The Imperial Succession
Wudi
from Wudi to yuandi
from Chengdi to Wang Mang
Dong (Eastern) Han
ThE aDMINISTRaTION Of ThE haN EMPIRE
The Structure of Government
The Civil Service
Provincial government
The Armed Forces
The Practice of Government
RELaTIONS WITh OThER PEOPLES
CuLTuRaL DEvELOPMENTS
POLITICaL DEvELOPMENTS DuRINg ThE SIX DyNaSTIES
The Division of China
The Xi (Western) Jin (aD 265–316/317)
Sanguo (Three Kingdoms; aD 220–280)
The Era of Barbarian Invasions and Rule
The Dong (Eastern) Jin (317–420) and Later Dynasties in the South (420–589)
Confucianism and Philosophical Daoism
Confucius
ThE SuI DyNaSTy
Wendi’s Institutional Reforms
Integration of the South
Foreign Affairs under Yangdi
EaRLy TaNg (618–626)
Rise of the Empress Wuhou
Prosperity and Progress
Military Reorganization
LaTE TaNg (755–907)
Provincial Separatism
The Struggle for Central Authority
The Influence of Buddhism
Trends in the Arts
Du fu
SOCIaL ChaNgE
Decline of the Aristocracy
Population Movements
Growth of the Economy
ThE fIvE DyNaSTIES aND ThE TEN KINgDOMS
The Wudai (Five Dynasties)
huang he
The Shiguo (Ten Kingdoms)
The Khitan
BaRBaRIaN DyNaSTIES
The Tangut
The Juchen
BEI (NORThERN) SONg (960–1127)
Consolidation
Reforms
Decline and Fall
NaN (SOuThERN) SONg (1127–1279)
Survival and Consolidation
Relations with the Juchen
The Court’s Relations with the Bureaucracy
The Chief Councillors
ThE BuREauCRaTIC STyLE
Chinese Civil Service
The Clerical Staff
ThE RISE Of NEO-CONfuCIaNISM
Invasion of the Jin State
genghis Khan
Invasion of the Song State
Early Mongol Rule
ChINa uNDER ThE MONgOLS
Mongol Government and Administration
Changes under Kublai Khan and his Successors
Economy
Religious and Intellectual Life
Daoism
Buddhism
foreign Religions
Confucianism
Literature
The arts
Yuan China and the West
The End of Mongol Rule
POLITICaL hISTORy
The Dynasty’s Founder
hongwu
The Dynastic Succession
gOvERNMENT aND aDMINISTRaTION
Central Government
Local Government
Later Innovations
fOREIgN RELaTIONS
ECONOMIC POLICy aND DEvELOPMENTS
Population
Agriculture
Taxation
CuLTuRE
Coinage
Philosophy and Religion
Literature and Scholarship
Fine Arts
ThE RISE Of ThE MaNChu
ThE QINg EMPIRE
Dorgon
Political Institutions
Foreign Relations
QINg SOCIETy
Social Organization
Trends in the Early Qing
WESTERN ChaLLENgE, 1839–60
The First Opium War and its Aftermath
The Antiforeign Movement and the Second Opium War (Arrow War)
POPuLaR uPRISINg
The Taiping Rebellion
The Nian Rebellion
Muslim Rebellions
ThE SELf-STRENgThENINg MOvEMENT
Effects of the Rebellions
Foreign Relations in the 1860s
Industrialization for “Self-Strengthening”
Tibet and Nepal
ChaNgES IN OuTLyINg aREaS
East Turkistan
Vietnam
Myanmar (Burma)
Japan and the Ryukyu Islands
Korea and the Sino-Japanese War
REfORM aND uPhEavaL
The Hundred Days of Reform of 1898
The Boxer Rebellion
REfORMIST aND REvOLuTIONIST MOvEMENTS aT ThE END Of ThE DyNaSTy
Sun Yat-sen and the United League
Sun yat-sen
Constitutional Movements After 1905
The Chinese Revolution (1911–12)
ThE DEvELOPMENT Of ThE REPuBLIC (1912–20)
Early Power Struggles
China in World War I
Japanese gains
yuan’s attempts to Become Emperor
Conflict Over Entry into the War
Wartime Changes
formation of a Rival Southern government
an Intellectual Revolution
Intellectual Movements
ThE INTERWaR yEaRS (1920–37)
Beginnings of a National Revolution
The Nationalist Party
Riots and Protests
The Chinese Communist Party
Communist-Nationalist Cooperation
Mao Zedong
Reactions to Warlords and Foreigners
Militarism in China
Reorganization of the KMT
The foreign Presence
KMT Opposition to Radicals
Struggles Within the Two-Party Coalition
Clashes with foreigners
The Northern Expedition
Expulsion of Communists from the KMT
The Nationalist Government from 1928 to 1937
Japanese aggression
The united front against Japan
ThE EaRLy SINO-JaPaNESE WaR
Phase One
Nanjing Massacre
Phase Two: Stalemate and Stagnation
Efforts to Prevent Civil War
A Race for Territory
attempts to End the War
Resumption of fighting
The Tide Begins to Shift
The Decisive year, 1948
a Land Revolution
Communist Victory
RECONSTRuCTION aND CONSOLIDaTION, 1949–52
ThE TRaNSITION TO SOCIaLISM, 1953–57
Rural Collectivization
Urban Socialist Changes
Foreign Policy
NEW DIRECTIONS IN NaTIONaL POLICy, 1958–61
great Leap forward
REaDJuSTMENT aND REaCTION, 1961–65
ThE CuLTuRaL REvOLuTION, 1966–76
Attacks on Cultural Figures
Attacks on Party Members
Red guards
Seizure of Power
The End of the Radical Period
Social Changes
Struggle for the Premiership
ChINa afTER ThE DEaTh Of MaO
Consequences of the Cultural Revolution
Domestic Developments
Readjustment and Recovery
Economic Policy Changes
Political Developments
International Relations
Educational and Cultural Policy Changes
Relations with Taiwan
CONCLuSION
glossary
for further Reading
Index
P. 1
The History of China

The History of China

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Published by: SPIKY -SYLB on Dec 21, 2012
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