Lab 6, Problem 5:The Generator
Thomas J. Wendel (ID: 4109163)
November 15, 2011
Physics 1302W Lab 231, Professor: Paul M. Haines, TA: Abdul N Malmi Kakkada
How the potential difference induced in a coil of wire spinning in auniform magnetic field varied with respect to that coils orientation to the magneticfield. A rotating coil was placed in a uniform magnetic field centered between apair of Helmholtz coils (as seen in
). A small motor changed theorientation of that coil to the magnetic field. The potential difference wasmeasured and recorded with a voltage probe that was hooked up to a computer.
We predicted that a potential difference can be produced in a coil that lies within aconstant magnetic field by simply changing the orientation of that coil with respect to themagnetic field. If we increase the angular speed of the coil, we are increasing the rate at whichthe coil changes its orientation to the magnet field, and thus the maximizes the value of thepotential difference produced.
Definition of Magnetic Flux:
Angular Speed (of Coil):
ω=θt=2πt , θ=ωt
We know that magnetic flux is proportional to the number of field lines through anelement of area. Thus, if the surface the magnetic field lines runs through is flat and has an area
, and if
is uniform everywhere on the surface, then the magnetic flux through the surface is:
Since we are dealing with a coil with N turns, the flux through the surface is going to beN multiplied by the flux through each turn. We also plug in