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Princeton Russian 1/2

Princeton Russian 1/2

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Published by: registry33 on Dec 22, 2012
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06/05/2013

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1-1
Dialogues: A: “Hi! How's it going?”B: “What's up?”Grammar: Informal vs. Formal Forms of Address(Introduction)No Verb
To Be
in the Present TenseRussian to English: Fixed Expressions
 
 Note: The English transcription given in square brackets below the Russian text is a very rough guide that will be used until the entire alphabet is presented. Listen carefully to your instructor and the recordings for the exact pronunciation.
Диалђги
Dialogues
 
 Диалђг
A.
 
ПривЎт
!
Как
 
 делЌ
?
Hi! How’s it going? 
ВЎра
 
Véra
1
МЏша
,
привЎт
!
Как
 
д
e
лЌ
?[
 Mísha, privét! Kak delá?
]
 
 Misha, hi! How’s it going? (How arethings?)
МЏша
 
 Mísha
2
Хорошђ
.
А
 
у
 
т
e
бј
?[
 Khoroshó. A u tebyá?
]
Good. And with you? (How about you?)
ВЎра
 
Véra
3
ТЌк
 
с
e
бе
.[
Ták seb
е
.
]
So-so.
МЏша
 
 Mísha
 
4
ИзвинЏ
,
мн
e
нЎкогда
.
ПокЌ
.[
 Izviní, mne nékogda.
 P 
oká.
]
Sorry, I’m in a hurry. Later.
ВЎра
 
Véra
5
Ну
,
лЌдно
,
до
 
свид
á
ния
.
 МЏша
walks away)
 
Нах
á
л
![
 Nu, ládno, do svidániya.
(Misha walks away)
Nakhál!
]
Well, OK, see you later.
(Misha walksaway)
Jerk!
 Диалђг
 
Б
.
 
Что
 
слѕшно
?
What’s up? 
Њра
 
Yúra
6
НЏна
,
привЎт
!
 Что
 
слѕшно
?[
 Nína, privét! Chto slíshno?
]
 Nina, hi! What’s up?
НЏна
 
 Nína
7
Н
e
спрЌшивай
.
А
 
у
 
т
e
бј
?[
 Ne spráshivay. A u tebyá?
]
 
 Don’t ask. And with you?
Њра
 
Yúra
8
Нич
e
гђ
.[
 Nichevó.
]
 Nothing. (Everything is pretty much OK.)
НЏна
 
 Nína
 
9
ИзвинЏ
,
мн
e
нЎкогда
.
ПокЌ
.[
 Izviní, mne nékogda.
 P 
oká.
]
Sorry, I’m in a hurry. Later.
Њра
 
Yúra
10
Ну
,
лЌдно
,
до
 
свидЌния
.
 НЏна
walks away)
 
НахЌлка
![
 Nu, ládno, do svidániya.
(Nina walks away)
Nakhálka!
]
 
Well, all right, see you later. (Nina walksaway) Jerk!
 
1-
й
 
урђк
 
Грамм
á
тика
 1-2
СловЌрь
Vocabulary
 
1
привЎт
 
[
 privét 
]
hi
(used only with friends and family)
 
1
как
 
д
e
лЌ
?
[
kak delá?
] two words – one stress
 how’s it going? how are things?
2
хорошђ
 
[
khoroshó] good; well 
2
а
 
у
 
т
e
бј
?
[
a u tebyá?
]
and you?
(lit: ‘and by you?’)
 
3
тЌк
 
с
e
бе
 
[
ták sebe
] two words – one stress
  so-so
(this is somewhat negative)
 
4
извинЏ
 
[
izviní 
]
excuse (me); pardon (me); sorry
4
мн
e
нЎкогда
 
[
mne nékogda
]
I’m in a hurry; I have to run
(lit: ‘to me there is no time’)
 
4
покЌ
 
[
 poká
]
(see you) later 
5
ну
 
[
nu
]
well...
5
лЌдно
 
[
ládno]
 
OK, all right (sign of agreement)
5
до
 
свидЌния
 
[
do svidániya
] twowords – one stress
  good-bye; see you later 
5
нахЌл
 
[
nakhál 
]
rude person who does not think of others; jerk 
(male)
 
6
что
 
слѕшно
?
[
chto slíshno?
]
what’s up?; what’s new?
(lit.: ‘what is audible?’)
7
н
e
спрЌшивай
 
[
ne spráshivay
] twowords – one stress
 don’t ask 
8
ничегђ
 
[
nichevó
]
nothing ( 
Ничегђ
also has an adverbial meaning
not bad 
,
OK 
.)
 
10
нахЌлка
 
[
nakhálka
]
 female version of 
нахЌл
 
 
1-
й
 
урђк
 
Грамм
á
тика
 1-3
[
 
[
 
[
 
(Numbers following words and phrases below refer to lines in dialogue)
1.
А
Informal vs. Formal Forms of Address (Introduction)
привЎт
! (1)
 
ВЎра
uses
привЎт
 
hi
, an informal greeting, with her friend
МЏша
. Russian, like many languages, distinguishes between formal and informal forms of address. Saying
привЎт
to your professor would roughly be the same assaying
 Hey, man, what’s up?
, (not too advisable). We will see an example of a formal form of address in Lesson3. Until then, speak Russian only to your friends.
1.
Б
Russian Has No Verb
To Be
in the Present Tense
как 
 
делЌ
(1);
что
 
слѕшно
(6)
 
 Note that in
Как
 
д
e
лЌ
?
, the Russian equivalent of the question
 How’s it going?
, there is no verb; the sentenceconsists of just
как
 
=
how
and
д
e
лЌ
 
=
things; matters
. In Russian the present tense of the verb
be
(
am
,
are
,
is
) isnot expressed. Some other examples:
Как
 
1
 
делЌ
?
how
 Are
things?
 Что
 
 
слѕшно
?What
 Is
audible (What’s new?)
МЏша
 
 
нахЌл
.
 Misha
 Is
(a) jerk.
This explains why you may hear 
а
Russian speaking English say, “I teacher. My husband engineer.”
1
The
(‘zero’) symbol will be used throughout this book to indicate the absence of a word or ending.