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Chemicals Emitted from Houston Valero Refinery- A Report by the Tar Sands Blockade

Chemicals Emitted from Houston Valero Refinery- A Report by the Tar Sands Blockade

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Published by Kat Stevens
A comprehensive list of chemicals, according to the EPA and TCEQ emitted by the
Houston Valero refinery. Each emitted chemical is accompanied by information about its effects on
humans, its physical description, exposure routes, as well as other pertinent information. This information
also includes graphs showing the amount of chemical emissions from 2002 to 2011. The Highlighted
chemicals are of particular toxicity as they are known carcinogens and causes of birth defects.
A comprehensive list of chemicals, according to the EPA and TCEQ emitted by the
Houston Valero refinery. Each emitted chemical is accompanied by information about its effects on
humans, its physical description, exposure routes, as well as other pertinent information. This information
also includes graphs showing the amount of chemical emissions from 2002 to 2011. The Highlighted
chemicals are of particular toxicity as they are known carcinogens and causes of birth defects.

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Categories:Types, Reviews
Published by: Kat Stevens on Dec 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/22/2012

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Below is a comprehensive list of chemicals, according to the EPA and TCEQ emitted by theHouston Valero refinery. Each emitted chemical is accompanied by information about its effects onhumans, its physical description, exposure routes, as well as other pertinent information. This informationalso includes graphs showing the amount of chemical emissions from 2002 to 2011. The Highlightedchemicals are of particular toxicity as they are known carcinogens and causes of birth defects.List of chemicals:
 
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene1,3-Butadiene Ammonia Antimony Compounds BenzeneCarbon DisulfideCarbonyl SulfideCobalt CompoundsCresol (Mixed Isomers)CumeneCyanide CompoundsCyclohexaneEthylbenzeneEthyleneHydrogen CyanideLeadManganeseMercur y CompoundsMethanolMolybdenum TrioxideN-HexaneNaphthaleneNickel CompoundsNitrate CompoundsPhenolPolycyclic Aromatic CompoundsPropyleneStyreneSulfuric Acid(1994 and after “Acid Aerosols” only)Tert-Butyl AlcoholTolueneVanadium CompoundsXylene(Mixed Isomers)
1,3 Butadiene (pg. 2)
Benzene(pg.5)
Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds
Possiblecarcinogens:
1,2,4-trimethylbenzene
N-Hexane
Naphthalene
Nickel Compounds
Styrene
Molybdenum Trioxide
Nitrate Compounds
Propylene
HoustonValeroRe.ineryEmission-ChemicalList/Info
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1
 
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0638.html
Exposure Limit:
NIOSH REL: TWA 25 ppm (125 mg/m3)
Physical Description: Clear, colorless liquid with a distinctive, aromatic odor.
Exposure Routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms: irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, respiratory system; bronchitis; hypochromicanemia; headache, drowsiness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness, nausea,incoordination; vomiting, confusion; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid)
Target Organs:Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, blood
"Chemical Summary for 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene"(text).United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1994-08-01. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene is used as agasoline additive.
http://rais.ornl.gov/tox/provisional/tmbcrfd.shtml
it is possible that 1,2,4-TMB could be carcinogenic
The human carcinogenicity potential of 1,2,4-TMB and 1,3,5-TMB
cannot be determined 
 on the basis of the available information. Both human and animal data are judgedinadequate for an evaluation. However, the Maltoni study provides suggestive evidenceof potential carcinogenicity, but there is not definitive evidence.
http://www.epa.gov/chemfact/s_trimet.txt
No information was found in the secondary sources searched regarding thecarcinogenicity of 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene in humans.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1,2,4-trimethylbenzene
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene is a colorless liquid.
It is a flammablearomatic hydrocarbonwith a strong odor.
It occurs naturally incoal tar andpetroleum(about 3%).
It is “Harmful and dangerous for the environment” according to one of the main EuropeanUnion laws concerning chemical safety, the Dangerous Substances Directive.
EU Classificatoin: Harmful and dangerous for the environment.
HoustonValeroRe.ineryEmission-ChemicalList/Info
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HoustonValeroRe.ineryEmission-ChemicalList/Info
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