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The National Guard in the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899

The National Guard in the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899

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Published by Paul D Carrier
This monograph examines the National Guard's performance as the primary source for state volunteers in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899. While the Regular Army generally viewed the National Guard as less professional and incapable of defending the nation, the results from the National Guard's preparation for the Philippines supported the Regular Army's disdain for them and seemed to indicate a likelihood of failure in combat. However, actual results from the Philippines lead to a different conclusion about the National Guard. This conclusion supports the use of the National Guard as an operational force instead of a strategic reserve, which is how they had been used since World War II. This change in the National Guard's employment is even more critical because of the economic and security challenges the nation faces.
This monograph examines the National Guard's performance as the primary source for state volunteers in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899. While the Regular Army generally viewed the National Guard as less professional and incapable of defending the nation, the results from the National Guard's preparation for the Philippines supported the Regular Army's disdain for them and seemed to indicate a likelihood of failure in combat. However, actual results from the Philippines lead to a different conclusion about the National Guard. This conclusion supports the use of the National Guard as an operational force instead of a strategic reserve, which is how they had been used since World War II. This change in the National Guard's employment is even more critical because of the economic and security challenges the nation faces.

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Published by: Paul D Carrier on Dec 23, 2012
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The National Guard in the Spanish-American Warand Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899
A MonographbyMajor Michael S. WarrenArizona Army National GuardSchool of Advanced Military StudiesUnited States Army Command and General Staff CollegeFort Leavenworth, KansasAY 2012
 
 
REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
Form Approved OMB No. 074-0188 
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintainingthe data needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions forreducing this burden to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office ofManagement and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503
1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leaveblank)
 
2. REPORT DATE
 
11 Apr 12
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED
 
Final Report JUL 2011 – MAY 2012
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
 
The National Guard in the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899
 
5. FUNDING NUMBERS
 
6. AUTHORS
Warren, Michael S., Major, Arizona Army National Guard
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
 
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATIONREPORT NUMBER
 
9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
 
10. SPONSORING / MONITORINGAGENCY REPORT NUMBER
 School of Advanced Military Studies,Command and General Staff CollegeATTN: ATZL-SWD-GDFort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027-2301
11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
 
Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) Monograph prepared at the School of Advanced Military Studies in partial fulfillment of the Master’s Program requirements, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, FortLeavenworth, Kansas, 66027
12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
 
Cleared for public release: distribution unlimited.
 
12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE
 
13. ABSTRACT
(Maximum 200 Words) 
 
The National Guard’s origins trace back to the militia of the first settlements in America. Since its inception in 1636, the NationalGuard has played vital role in the nation’s defense from the Revolutionary War to the most recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.The utility of the National Guard has been questioned since the late nineteenth century, but political pressure from the states has alwaysbeen sufficient to maintain a National Guard. This monograph examines the National Guard’s performance as the primary source forstate volunteers in the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection 1898-1899.While the Regular Army generally viewed the National Guard as less professional and incapable of defending the nation, the resultsfrom the National Guard’s preparation for the Philippines supported the Regular Army’s disdain for them
and
seemed to indicate alikelihood of failure in combat. However, actual results from the Philippines lead to a different conclusion about
the
National Guard.This conclusion supports the National Guard as an operational force instead of 
the
strategic reserve as they had been used since WorldWar II. This change in the
National
Guard’s employment is even more critical because of the economic and security challenges thenation faces.
 
14. SUBJECT TERMS
 
15. NUMBER OF PAGES
 99
16. PRICE CODE
 
17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATIONOF REPORT
 
(U)
18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATIONOF THIS PAGE
 
(U)
19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATIONOF ABSTRACT
 
(U)
20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT
UU
NSN 7540-01-280-5500
 
Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89)
 
Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39-18298-102
 
 
ii
SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
MONOGRAPH APPROVAL
Major Michael S. WarrenTitle of Monograph:
The National Guard in the Spanish-American Warand the Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1899
Approved by: __________________________________ Monograph DirectorThomas A. Bruscino, Ph.D. __________________________________ Second ReaderPatrick M. Roberson, COL, SF ___________________________________ Director,Thomas C. Graves, COL, IN School of AdvancedMilitary Studies ___________________________________ Director,Robert F. Baumann, Ph.D. Graduate DegreePrograms
Disclaimer: Opinions, conclusions, and recommendations expressed or implied within aresolely those of the author, and do not represent the views of the US Army School of Advanced Military Studies, the US Army Command and General Staff College, theUnited States Army, the Department of Defense, or any other US government agency.Cleared for public release: distribution unlimited.

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