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PDC Lab Manual

# PDC Lab Manual

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Pdc lab manual, ECE ,JNTU-H, II B.TechII sem ,Pulse and digital circuits, linear wave shaping,tilt ,cut of frequency, edc
Pdc lab manual, ECE ,JNTU-H, II B.TechII sem ,Pulse and digital circuits, linear wave shaping,tilt ,cut of frequency, edc

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03/11/2014

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Pulse and Digital Circuits Lab ManualRVR Institute of Engineering and Technology ECE Department- 1 -
PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS LABLIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1. Linear wave Shaping2. Non Linear Wave Shaping - Clippers3. Non Linear Wave Shaping - Clampers4. Transistor as a Switch5. Study of Logic Gates and some Applications6. Study of Flip-Flops and some Applications7. Sampling Gates8. Astable Multivibrator9. Monostable Multivibrator10. Bistable Multivibrator11. Schmitt Trigger12. UJT Relaxation Oscillator13. Boot Strap Sweep Circuit

Pulse and Digital Circuits Lab ManualRVR Institute of Engineering and Technology ECE Department- 2 -

1. Linear Wave Shaping
Aim:
i) To design a low pass RC circuit for the given cutoff frequency and obtain itsfrequency response.ii) To observe the response of the designed low pass RC circuit for the givensquare waveform for T<<RC, T=RC and T>>RC.iii) To design a high pass RC circuit for the given cutoff frequency and obtain itsfrequency response.iv) To observe the response of the designed high pass RC circuit for the givensquare waveform for T<<RC, T=RC and T>>RC.
Components Required:Name of theComponent/EquipmentSpecifications Quantity
Resistors
1K
1
2.2k

1
16k

1Capacitor0.01
µ
F1CRO 20 MHz 1Function Generator 1MHz 1
Theory:
The process whereby the form of a non sinusoidal signal is altered by transmissionthrough a linear network is called “linear wave shaping”. An ideal low pass circuit is onethat allows all the input frequencies below a frequency called cutoff frequency fc andattenuates all those above this frequency. For practical low pass circuit cutoff is set tooccur at a frequency where the gain of the circuit falls by 3 dB from its maximum at veryhigh frequencies the capacitive reactance is very small, so the output is almost equal tothe input and hence the gain is equal to 1. Since circuit attenuates low frequencysignals and allows high frequency signals with little or no attenuation, it is called a highpass circuit.

Pulse and Digital Circuits Lab ManualRVR Institute of Engineering and Technology ECE Department- 3 -

Circuit Diagrams:1. Low Pass RC Circuit:2. High pass RC Circuit:Procedure:A) Frequency response characteristics:
1. Connect the circuit as shown in Fig and apply a sinusoidal signal of amplitudeof 2V
p-p
as input.2. Vary the frequency of input signal in suitable steps 100 Hz to 1 MHz and notedown the p-p amplitude of output signal.3. Obtain frequency response characteristics of the circuit by finding gain at eachfrequency and plotting gain in dB vs. frequency.4. Find the cutoff frequency fc by noting the value of f at 3 dB down from themaximum gain
B) Response of the circuit for different time constants:
1. Apply a square wave of 2v p-p amplitude as input.2. Adjust the time period of the waveform so that T>>RC, T=RC, T<<RC andobserve theoutput in each case.3. Draw the input and output wave forms for different cases.