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Codnor Castle, Derbyshire

Codnor Castle, Derbyshire

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
In June 2007 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team at Codnor Castle, Derbyshire, a Scheduled Monument, centred on NGR 443360 349980. The fieldwork comprised six machine-excavated evaluation trenches.
The village of Codnor is mentioned in Domesday Book, and the castle may have begun life as a Norman earthwork motte and bailey fortress. Today all that survives is a three-storey chamber block, with fragments of lodgings built against a curtain wall, flanked by rectangular turrets.
The exact extent and layout of the Castle is not known. Sketches from the 18th century hint at an impressive, if ruined, complex of buildings. Dating of the various building stages and construction at Codnor remains contentious. Part of the curtain wall in the upper court has been dated to c. 1200 (when the castle became the seat of the Lords Grey), and the southern court seems to have been a later addition to the castle, but it is probable that the castle evolved (rather than being rebuilt) from at least the early 13th century onwards.
In June 2007 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team at Codnor Castle, Derbyshire, a Scheduled Monument, centred on NGR 443360 349980. The fieldwork comprised six machine-excavated evaluation trenches.
The village of Codnor is mentioned in Domesday Book, and the castle may have begun life as a Norman earthwork motte and bailey fortress. Today all that survives is a three-storey chamber block, with fragments of lodgings built against a curtain wall, flanked by rectangular turrets.
The exact extent and layout of the Castle is not known. Sketches from the 18th century hint at an impressive, if ruined, complex of buildings. Dating of the various building stages and construction at Codnor remains contentious. Part of the curtain wall in the upper court has been dated to c. 1200 (when the castle became the seat of the Lords Grey), and the southern court seems to have been a later addition to the castle, but it is probable that the castle evolved (rather than being rebuilt) from at least the early 13th century onwards.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Feb 06, 2009
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05/25/2012

 
Wessex Archaeology 
July 2008 Ref: 65306 
Codnor CastleDerbyshire
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
 
Codnor Castle, Derbyshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of 
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONW12 8QP
By
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
Report reference: 65307.01
June 2008
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2008, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Codnor Castle, Derbyshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
SummaryAcknowledgements
1INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................11.1Project Background...................................................................................11.2Archaeological and Historical Background.............................................11.3Previous Archaeological Work.................................................................32AIMS AND OBJECTIVES.................................................................................43METHODS...........................................................................................................43.1Survey..........................................................................................................43.2Geophysical Survey....................................................................................53.3Earthworks Survey....................................................................................53.4Excavation and Recording........................................................................54RESULTS.............................................................................................................64.1Introduction................................................................................................64.2Geophysical Survey....................................................................................64.3Earthwork Survey......................................................................................64.4The Castle and Associated Remains.......................................................104.5Later Features and Deposits...................................................................135FINDS.................................................................................................................145.1Introduction..............................................................................................145.2Pottery.......................................................................................................145.3Ceramic Building Material (CBM) and Mortar...................................165.4Stone..........................................................................................................165.5Glass..........................................................................................................165.6Coins..........................................................................................................165.7Animal Bone.............................................................................................185.8Other Finds...............................................................................................195.9Potential and Further Recommendations..............................................206PALAEO-ENVIRONMENTAL EVIDENCE.................................................206.1Introduction..............................................................................................206.2Industrial waste........................................................................................216.3Charred plant remains............................................................................216.4Charcoal....................................................................................................216.5Land snails and fresh/brackish water molluscs....................................216.6Small animal and fish bones....................................................................217DISCUSSION.....................................................................................................217.2Extent........................................................................................................217.3Date sequence/function............................................................................227.4Character/condition.................................................................................228RECOMMENDATIONS..................................................................................229ARCHIVE..........................................................................................................2310REFERENCES..................................................................................................24

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