Netaji was most dynamic leader of Indian National Movement and the greatest hero of India’s struggle for freedom.
In 1946, Gandhiji , in spite of all his Machiavellian Rivalry towards Netaji ,had to call him as“PATRIOT of Patriots” and “PRINCE of Patriots” when he (Gandhi) wasafraid of his (Netaji) return from USSR.
(Ref: Letter dated 22 July 1946 from Khurshed Ben Naoroji, a secretary of Mahatma Gandhi to Prof. Louis Fischer, an American journalist to prevail upon the US president)
Who influenced Netaji’s life? What were his ideologies?
Netaji was a political leader primarily influenced by
the spirituality of Swami Vivekanand.
teachings of Bhagwat Gita
thinking of his political mentor DesbandhuChitranjan Das.
He was deeply influenced by
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, Resurrection Movement of Italy, Liberation Activities of Irish Revolutionary De Valera and Insurrectionof Modern Turkey under Kamal Pasha.
Subhas had extensively studied
Bismark, Mazzini,Garibaldi, George Washington
and many other political and social thinkers of the world.
Netaji professed for
In his mostimportant book
The Indian Struggle
he envisioned would work asfollows:1.
The party will stand for the
interests of the masses:
poors, peasants, workers etc.,
It will stand for the
complete political and economic liberation of the Indian people.
It will stand for Federal Government for India as the ultimate goal, but will believe in a
strong Central Government with dictatorial powers for some years to come, in order to putIndia on her feet.
It will believe in a sound
system of state planning for the reorganization of theagricultural and industrial life of the country.
It will seek to build up a
new social structure on the basis of the village communities of the past that were ruled by the village "Panch" and will strive to break down the existing socialbarriers like caste and religion.
Outlining the need of synthesis between Communism and Fascism, Bose invented an Indianword:
a synthesis of
(of Socialism) and
Throughout his political career,
India's Liberation from British rule
remained Bose's foremost political goal;
indeed, it was his life long obsession.
Bose aimed for nothing less than theformation of "
a new India and a happy India on the basisof the eternal principles of
He rejected Communism (atleast as it was practiced in the Soviet Union) principally because of its impracticableinternationalism and because he believed that the theoretical ideals found in the writingsof Karl Marx could not be applied to India without modification.
He maintained socialistviews throughout and, on very many occasions, expressed his hope for
‘an egalitarian (especially classless and casteless) industrialized society in which the state would control the basic means of production’
. He also did not like many Nazi