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Important Questions CHEMISTRY

Important Questions CHEMISTRY

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Published by vijishnu
Chemistry important questions Class XII CBSE.
Chemistry important questions Class XII CBSE.

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Published by: vijishnu on Feb 07, 2009
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03/09/2011

 
Important Questions2008-2009Class XIICHEMISTRY Q. 1.
There is a considerable increase in covalent radius from N to Pbut from As to Bi only a small change is observed.
Q. 2.
Ionisation enthalpy of group 15 elements is much higher thanthat of group 14 elements.
Q. 3
. Ionic radius of Sb and Bi are very less when compared to theionic radius of N,P and As.
Q. 4.
Metallic character of group 15 elements decreases on goingdown the group.
Q. 5.
Tendency to show – 3 oxidation states in group 15 decreaseson going down the group.
Q. 6.
Nitrogen can’t form penta halides.
Q. 7.
Nitrogen exhibits bonding while heavier members exhibitbonding.
Q. 8.
N
2
is a gas while P
4
is a solid.
Q. 9.
Catenation tendency is weaker in nitrogen.
Q. 10.
N2 molecule is chemically inert while white phosphorus is morereactive.
Q. 11.
In group 15, +3 oxidation state is more stable than +5oxidation state on going down the group .
Q. 12.
R3 P=O is known but R3 N=O is unknown.
Q. 13.
Basicity of hydrides NH
3
> PH
3
> AsH
3
> SbH
3
> BiH
3
 
Q. 14.
Stability of hydrides NH3> PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3
Q. 15.
Reducing character of hydrides NH
3
<>3 <>3 <>3 3
Q. 16.
The oxides in higher oxidation states of group 15 elements aremore acidic than that of lower oxidation state.
Q. 17.
Basicity of group 15 oxides increases on going down the group.
Q. 18.
PCl
5
is more covalent than PCl
3
.
Q. 19.
PCl
5
is more covalent than PF
5
.
Q. 20.
All the five bonds in PCl
5
are not equivalent.(Or) PCl
5
is morereactive than PCl
3
.
Q. 21.
Both PCl
3
and PCl
5
fumes in air.
Q. 22.
PH
3
has lower boiling point than NH
3
.
Q. 23.
NH
3
acts as a lewis base.
Q. 24.
NO
2
molecule dimerise to become N
2
O
4
.
Q. 25.
Aluminium is rendered passive in concentrated HNO
3
.
Q. 26.
Concentrated HNO
3
becomes yellow when exposed to light.(Or)concentrated HNO
3
is an oxidizing agent.
Q. 27.
White phosphorus is more reactive than red phosphorus. Blackphosphorus is least reactive.
Q. 28.
Bond angle in PH
3+
is higher than that of PH
3
.
Q. 29.
HNH bond angle in NH
3
is less than the tetra hedral bond angleof 109.50.
Q. 30.
Bond angles of HPH,HAsH and HSbH are closer to 900.
Q. 31.
H
3
PO
4
is tri protic, H
3
PO
3
is diprotic while H
3
PO
2
is mono protic.
Q. 32.
H
3
PO
2
is a good reducing agent.
Q. 33.
H
3
PO
2
is a stronger reducing agent than H
3
PO
3
.
 
Q. 34.
NO is an odd electron molecule but does not dimerise to giveN
2
O
2
.
Q. 35.
Sulphur has very high boiling and melting point when comparedto oxygen.
Q. 36.
In group 16 tendencies to show -2 oxidation state decreases ongoing down the group.
Q. 37.
In group 16 +4 oxidation state become more stable than +6oxidation state on going down the group.
Q. 38.
Oxygen can show a maximum covalency of 4 and it can notform hexa valent compound.
Q. 39.
Acidity of group 16 hydrides H
2
O
2
S <>2Se <>2Te.
Q. 40.
Reducing character of group 16 hydrides H
2
O
2
S <>2Se <>2Te
Q. 41.
Boiling point of H
2
O is higher than that of H
2
S.
Q. 42.
Sulphur exhibit +6 oxidation state when it combines withfluorine.
Q. 43.
SF
6
is exceptionally stable or it can not be hydrolysed easily.
Q. 44.
SF
6
is known while SCl
6
is unknown.
Q. 45.
SF
6
is known while SH
6
is unknown.
Q. 46.
H
2
O is a liquid while H
2
S is a gas.
Q. 47.
MnO is basic while Mn2O7 is acidic.
Q. 48.
O
3
is thermo dynamically unstable than O
2
(or) . O
3
in higherconcentration is explosive.
Q. 49.
NO gas depletes ozone layer.
Q. 50.
Sulphur in vapour state is paramagnetic.
Q. 51.
HCl and HNO
3
are prepared by reacting NaCl and NaNO3respectively with H2SO4 whileHBr and HI can’t be prepared by this method.
Q. 52.
Cane sugar chars in concentrated sulphuric acid.

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