by Greg Towsley
lthough the abrication and installation o the piping system may appear trivial, it isimportant that some basic piping considerationsbe observed. By ollowing these concepts, the lieo the pumping equipment and its accessorieswill be extended.I good piping practices on the suction and dis-charge sides o the pump are not ollowed, it canbe expected that the ollowing problems may beexperienced:
Noisy pump and driver during operation
Axial load uctuations
Excessive equipment vibration
Premature bearing ailure o the pump anddriver
Premature wear and ailure o other pumpparts, such as the mechanical seal and wearrings
Cavitation damage to the impeller and inlet o the casing, and possibly the discharge
Leakage at the anges
Cracking or breakage o the anges or casingWhile this article provides an overview o consid-erations o the piping system, it is by no means acomplete reerence on the subject.Besides Grundos’ installation and operationinstructions, other reerences should be reviewed.As they relate to pumps, the Hydraulic Institute(HI)
provides general piping guidelines in theirStandards.In addition to those reerences shown at the endo this article, other reerence that can provideadditional recommendations include:
Anvil International Inc. (2001).
Cameron Hydraulic Data
,18th Edition. Ingersoll-Rand Company, 1995.
Nayyar, Mohinder L.
,6th Edition. McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1992.Although it is not Grundos’ responsibility todesign the piping system or suction intake, a re-view o the system by Grundos can provide thedesigner comments on how the equipment willbe aected by the design.
PIPING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Beore considering the overall system, an under-standing o the components o the piping systemand their eect on the system should be reviewed.
Pumps can be connected to their piping systemsthrough various means. The most basic connec-tion is a threaded connection, typically to Nation-al Pipe Thread (NPT) standards.Threaded connections are commonly used onsmaller pumps in water applications. Otherconnections used in various industries includegrooved or Victaulic, clamp, or Tri-clamp.Probably the most common pump connectionis a ange. Flanges are typically cast or ormedintegrally with the volute. As with pipe anges,cast iron pump anges are rated as 125# or 250#with at aces.