Acute heart failure(An emergency situation that occurswhen something suddenly affectsyour heart's ability to function.)
Signs and symptoms similar to those of chronic heart failure but more severe,and start or worsen suddenly
Sudden fluid buildup
Rapid or irregular heartbeat with palpitations that may cause the heart tostop beating
Sudden, severe shortness of breath andcoughing up pink, foamy mucus
Chest pain if caused by a heart attack In addition to characterizing whether your condition is chronic or acute, your doctor will need to know whether your heart fails to pump, or fills with blood, or acombination of both. Heart failure can involve the left side, right side or both sides of your heart. Typically, heart failure begins with the left side — specifically the leftventricle, your heart's main pumping chamber.
Part of your heart affectedby heart failureDescription
Left-sided heart failure
Most common form of heart failure.
Fluid and blood may back up in your lungs,causing shortness of breath.Right-sided heart failure
Often occurs with left-sided heart failure.
Fluid and blood may back up into your abdomen, legs and feet, causing swelling.Systolic heart failure
The left ventricle can't contract vigorously,indicating a pumping problem.Diastolic heart failure(also called heart failure withnormal ejection fraction)
The left ventricle can't relax or fill fully,indicating a filling problem.While systolic heart failure was once thought to be more common and less serious,recent studies have shown this to be incorrect. Isolated diastolic heart failure, nowalso termed "heart failure with normal ejection fraction," is just as common as systolicheart failure and has a similar prognosis. Identifying the type of heart failure, whether systolic, diastolic, or a combination, is important because the drug treatments for eachtype may differ.