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Understanding IP Addressing - Part II

Understanding IP Addressing - Part II

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Published by Manolache Laurentiu

Understanding IP Addressing - Part II

Understanding IP Addressing - Part II

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Published by: Manolache Laurentiu on Dec 28, 2012
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09/17/2013

 
mgxv.oyn`ip`lvx
48;/9/;/;'01 > 4;;;;;4;/;;;;;4;4/;;;;;;;;/;;;;;;;;
oivugpb.{pial}i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial}xy`oiv.oyn`ip`lvx
Aleypi 413 48;/9/;/;'41 ulvm d '01 I}viofif.Oivugpb [pial}
Pgyvi Deepiedvlgo
QJXN djxg djjgux vmi pihypxlqi flqlxlgo ga do gpedolsdvlgo%x dffpixx x{dhi xg vmdv lv hdo`i pidxxin`jif dof deepiedvif vg pifyhi vmi dngyov ga pgyvloe loagpndvlgo dv vmi vg{jiqij/ Hgohi{vydjj|* d oivugpb lx alpxv flqlfif lovg xy`oivx* xgni ga vmi xy`oivx dpiaypvmip flqlfif lovg xy`.xy`oivx* dof xgni ga vmi xy`.xy`oivx dpi flqlfif lovg xy`
0
.xy`oivx/ Vmlx djjgux vmi fivdljif xvpyhvypi ga pgyvloe loagpndvlgo agp goi xy`oiv epgy{vg `i mlffio apgn pgyvipx lo dogvmip xy`oiv epgy{/
44/;/;/;/'=44/4/;/;'4144/0/;/;'4144/8/;/;'4144/090/;/;'4144/098/;/;'4144/096/;/;'4144/4/4/;'0644/4/0/;'0644/4/098/;'0644/4/096/;'0644/098/80/;'4<44/098/16/;'4<44/098/41;/;'4<44/098/4<0/;'4<44/4/098/80'0544/4/098/16'0544/4/098/41;'0544/4/098/4<0'05
Aleypi 453 QJXN [ipnlvx vmi Pihypxlqi Flqlxlgo ga d Oivugpb [pial}
Lo Aleypi 45* vmi 44/;/;/;'= oivugpb lx alpxv hgoaleypif ulvm d '41 i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial}/ Vmi 44/4/;/;'41 xy`oiv lx vmio hgoaleypif ulvm d '06 i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial}dof vmi 44/098/;/;'41 xy`oiv lx hgoaleypif ulvm d '4< i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial}/ Ogvivmdv vmi pihypxlqi {pghixx fgix ogv pitylpi vmdv vmi xdni i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial} `idxxleoif dv idhm jiqij ga vmi pihypxlgo/ Djxg* vmi pihypxlqi xy`.flqlxlgo ga vmigpedolsdvlgo%x dffpixx x{dhi hdo `i hdpplif gyv dx adp dx vmi oivugpb dfnlolxvpdvgp oiifxvg vdbi lv/
 
44/;/;/;'=gp 44'=
44/0/;/;'4144/8/;/;'4144/090/;/;'4144/096/;/;'41
44/4/;/;'41
44/4/4/;'0644/4/0/;'0644/4/090/;'0644/4/096/;'0644/4/098/80'0544/4/098/16'0544/4/098/41;'0544/4/098/4<0'05
44/4/098/;'0644/098/;/;'41
44/098/80/;'4<44/098/16/;'4<44/098/41;/;'4<44/098/4<0/;'4<
Lovipoiv
Pgyvip D Pgyvip @Pgyvip H Pgyvip F44/4/098/<1'0544/4/098/40='05
Aleypi 4=3 QJXN [ipnlvx Pgyvi Deepiedvlgo . Pifyhloe Pgyvloe Vd`ji Xlsi
Aleypi 4= ljjyxvpdvix mgu d {jdooif dof vmgyemvayj djjghdvlgo ga QJXN hdo pifyhi vmixlsi ga do gpedolsdvlgo%x pgyvloe vd`jix/ Ogvlhi mgu Pgyvip F lx d`ji vg xynndplsi vmixl} xy`oivx `imlof lv lovg d xloeji dfqipvlxiniov -44/4/098/;'06, dof mgu Pgyvip @ lxd`ji vg deepiedvi djj ga xy`oivx `imlof lv lovg d xloeji dfqipvlxiniov/ Jlbiulxi* Pgyvip Hlx d`ji vg xynndplsi vmi xl} xy`oivx `imlof lv lovg d xloeji dfqipvlxiniov-44/098/;/;'41,/ Alodjj|* xlohi vmi xy`oiv xvpyhvypi lx ogv qlxl`ji gyvxlfi ga vmigpedolsdvlgo* Pgyvip D locihvx d xloeji pgyvi lovg vmi ejg`dj Lovipoiv%x pgyvloe vd`ji .44/;/;/;'= -gp 44'=,/
QJXN Fixleo Hgoxlfipdvlgox
Umio fiqijg{loe d QJXN fixleo* vmi oivugpb fixleoip nyxv pihypxlqij| dxb vmi xdnixiv ga tyixvlgox dx agp d vpdflvlgodj xy`oiv fixleo/ Vmi xdni xiv ga fixleo fihlxlgoxnyxv `i ndfi dv idhm jiqij ga vmi mlipdphm|34,Mgu ndo| vgvdj xy`oivx fgix vmlx jiqij oiif vgfd|70,Mgu ndo| vgvdj xy`oivx uljj vmlx jiqij oiif lo vmi ayvypi78,Mgu ndo| mgxvx dpi vmipi go vmlx jiqij%x jdpeixv xy`oiv vgfd|76,Mgu ndo| mgxvx uljj vmipi `i go vmlx jiqij%x jdpeixv xy`oiv `i lo vmi ayvypi7Dv idhm jiqij* vmi fixleo vidn nyxv ndbi xypi vmdv vmi| mdqi iogyem i}vpd `lvx vgxy{{gpv vmi pitylpif oyn`ip ga xy`.iovlvlix lo vmi oi}v dof aypvmip jiqijx ga pihypxlgo/
 
Dxxyni vmdv d oivugpb lx x{pidf gyv gqip d oyn`ip ga xlvix/ Agp i}dn{ji* la dogpedolsdvlgo mdx vmpii hdn{yxix vgfd| lv {pg`d`j| oiifx 8.`lvx ga xy`oivvloe -0
8
> =, vgdjjgu vmi dfflvlgo ga ngpi hdn{yxix lo vmi ayvypi/ Ogu* ulvmlo idhm hdn{yx* vmipi lxjlbij| vg `i d xihgofdp| jiqij ga xy`oivvloe vg lfiovla| idhm `yljfloe/ Alodjj|* ulvmloidhm `yljfloe* d vmlpf jiqij ga xy`oivvloe nlemv lfiovla| idhm ga vmi loflqlfydjugpbepgy{x/ Agjjguloe vmlx mlipdphmlhdj ngfij* vmi vg{ jiqij lx fivipnloif `| vmioyn`ip ga hdn{yxix* vmi nlf.jiqij lx `dxif go vmi oyn`ip ga `yljfloex dv idhm xlvi* dofvmi jguixv jiqij lx fivipnloif `| vmi "nd}lnyn oyn`ip ga xy`oivx'nd}lnyn oyn`ipga yxipx {ip xy`oiv" lo idhm `yljfloe/Vmi fi{jg|niov ga d mlipdphmlhdj xy`oivvloe xhmini pitylpix hdpiayj {jdooloe/ Lv lxixxiovldj vmdv vmi oivugpb fixleoipx pihypxlqij| ugpb vmilp ud| fguo vmpgyem vmilpdffpixxloe {jdo yovlj vmi| eiv vg vmi `gvvgn jiqij/ Dv vmi `gvvgn jiqij* vmi| nyxv ndbixypi vmdv vmi jida xy`oivx dpi jdpei iogyem vg xy{{gpv vmi pitylpif oyn`ip ga mgxvx/Umio vmi dffpixxloe {jdo lx fi{jg|if* vmi dffpixxix apgn idhm xlvi uljj `i deepied`jilovg d xloeji dffpixx `jghb vmdv bii{x vmi `dhb`goi pgyvloe vd`jix apgn `ihgnloe vggjdpei/
Pitylpiniovx agp vmi Fi{jg|niov ga QJXN
Vmi xyhhixxayj fi{jg|niov ga QJXN mdx vmpii {pipitylxlvix3.Vmi pgyvloe {pgvghgjx nyxv hdpp| i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial} loagpndvlgo ulvm idhmpgyvi dfqipvlxiniov/.Djj pgyvipx nyxv ln{jiniov d hgoxlxviov agpudpfloe djegplvmn `dxif go vmi "jgoeixvndvhm/".Agp pgyvi deepiedvlgo vg ghhyp* dffpixxix nyxv `i dxxleoif xg vmdv vmi| mdqivg{gjgelhdj xleolalhdohi/
Pgyvloe [pgvghgjx Nyxv Hdpp| I}viofif.Oivugpb.[pial} Jioevmx
Ngfipo pgyvloe {pgvghgjx* xyhm dx GX[A dof L.LX.LX* iod`ji vmi fi{jg|niov ga QJXN`| {pgqlfloe vmi i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial} jioevm gp ndxb qdjyi djgoe ulvm idhm pgyvidfqipvlxiniov/ Vmlx {ipnlvx idhm xy`oivugpb vg `i dfqipvlxif ulvm lvx hgppix{gofloe{pial} jioevm gp ndxb/ La vmi pgyvloe {pgvghgjx flf ogv hdpp| {pial} loagpndvlgo* d pgyvipugyjf mdqi vg ilvmip dxxyni vmdv vmi jghdjj| hgoaleypif {pial} jioevm xmgyjf `i d{{jlif*gp {ipagpn d jggb.y{ lo d xvdvlhdjj| hgoaleypif {pial} vd`ji vmdv hgovdlox djj ga vmipitylpif ndxbloe loagpndvlgo/ Vmi alpxv djvipodvlqi hdoogv eydpdovii vmdv vmi hgppihv{pial} lx d{{jlif* dof xvdvlh vd`jix fg ogv xhdji xlohi vmi| dpi flaalhyjv vg ndlovdlo dofxy`cihv vg myndo ippgp/Vmi `gvvgn jloi lx vmdv la |gy udov vg fi{jg| QJXN lo d hgn{ji} vg{gjge|* |gy nyxvxijihv GX[A gp L.LX.LX dx vmi Loviplgp Edviud| [pgvghgj -LE[, pdvmip vmdo PL[.4$ Lvxmgyjf `i niovlgoif vmdv PL[.0* fialoif lo PAH 48==* ln{pgqix vmi PL[ {pgvghgj `|djjguloe lv vg hdpp| i}viofif.oivugpb.{pial} loagpndvlgo/ Vmipiagpi* PL[.0 xy{{gpvx vmifi{jg|niov ga QJXN/

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