Frequency Distributions and Graphs
is a collection of observations produced by sorting theminto classes and showing their frequency (or numbers) of occurrences in each class.Constructing a frequency distribution is the most convenient way of organizing data.1.1 Basic Types of Frequency Distribution:1.
Categorical frequency distribution
is used for data that can be placed inspecific categories, such as nominal or ordinal level data.
data that includes names, labels or categories only
data are arranged in some order but differences between datavalues either cannot be determined or are meaningless.
Categorical Frequency Distribution
:The following are obtained from data results of a sample survey with categoriesA, B and C. The third column is called the
column of frequency
.***CUMULATIVE FREQUENCYCategory Tally Frequency (f)A 6B 9C 15Sum = 302.
Frequency Distribution for Ungrouped Data
observations are sorted intoclasses of single values.3.
Frequency Distribution for Grouped Data
observations are sorted intoclasses of more than one value.The following are the basic terminologies associated with frequencytables.a)
lower class limit
the smallest data value that can be included in theclass.b)
Upper class limit
the largest data value that can be included in theclass.c)
are used to separate the classes so that there areno gaps in the frequency distribution.d)
the midpoints of the classes.