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Edexcel Physics A2 Answers (Student's Book)

Edexcel Physics A2 Answers (Student's Book)

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Edexcel Physics A2 Answers (Student's Book)
Edexcel Physics A2 Answers (Student's Book)

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01/07/2015

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Chapter 1
1)a) 5.4 x 10
7
kg m s
-1
b) 4750 kg m s
-1
2)a) If the batsman only changed the ball’s direction very slightly, this is a smaller momentum change thanin the worked example, so less force would be needed. b) If the ball is returned back in the direction of the bowler, this would be a greater momentum change thanin the worked example, so more force would be needed.3) 6600 N4) a)1025 N s b) The airbag takes a longer time to remove the passenger’s momentum. This means that it applies lessforce to the passenger, reducing injury.
5) a) Mass = 1.15 kg b)

p
= 5.50 or 5.74 kg m s
–1
/N sc)
F
= 458 or 478 N depending on
p
above]d) Handle mass/weight/ head weight/force exerted by user (handle) neglectede)
goes up/
p
goes up

less
force
,

less
effective/
more
force,
more
effective
1) 0.031 m s
-1
2)a) 0.2 m s
-1
b) 100 N3) In order to move forward, the boy must experience a force from the boat. There is an equal and oppositeforce from him onto the boat which moves the boat backwards away from him.4)a)

[insert artwork as per below – note that at the bottom right of this pic, all arrowheads meet which is whyit looks a bit rubbish]  p
total
= 1430 kg m s
-1
v
after
= 4.77 m s
-1
b) t
waterfall
= 37 st
bank
= 4 s so they would land safely on the riverbank.
5) a) mass × velocity [Words or defined symbols; NOT
ft
] b) iiic) ii, or i and ii.Line 2 OR 1& 2d) No (net) external forces/no friction/drag. Line iii. (he assumes the force exerted by the other trolley is theresultant force)e) Suitable collision described and specific equipment to measure velocities [e.g. light gates]. Measure velocities before and after collision. Describes how velocities calculated [e.g. how light gates used]. Measure masses / useknown masses/equal masses. Calculate initial and final moment a and compare OR for equal trolleys in inelasticcollision.
By MissCutielicious

1.1.3 Energy in collisions [ST] Answers
1)a) 3.35 m s
-1
b) 7.13 J2)a) 8.73 x 10
-13
Jb) 5 460 000 eVc) 5.46 MeV3) Non-contact collisions are always elastic, and no external forces act.
1) 0.46% of the speed of light; 1.38 x 10
6
m s
-1
2) It ends up in the other corner pocket, moving at 4.24 m s
-1
at 45º to the original line.
1) 720 ºb)
π
-1
-1
-1
-1
4)
ω
= 7.27 x 10-5 rad s
-1
; v = 465 m s
-1
5)a) 36.6 cmb) The error is proportionately the same
1) 2530 N2)a) 2.54 Nb) W = 736 N (much smaller)c) At the pole, the reaction force would be 736 N; at the equator, it would be 733 N
1.2.3 All the fun of the fair [ST] Answers
1)a) estimates in range 500 – 1500 kg b) estimates in range 10 – 30 mc) e.g. 1000 kg & 20 m gives v = 18.1 m s
-1
Chapter 2

1) 4.8 x 10
-17
N2) 8000 V m
-1
3) 4.8 x 10
11
m s
-2
4)a) 1 x 10
5
V m
-1
b) 1.62 x 10
7
m s
-1
c)d) Acceleration is in the opposite direction because the proton’s charge is the opposite sign to an electron;and the acceleration is less as the proton mass is greater than an electron’s.
1) Net field = zero, so the net force = zero.2) [insert aw, as per fig 2.1.6 sketch of two plus charges, except this one should be two minus charges. Thelines shape is identical, but all arrows must be reversed.]3)a) 600 Vb) No difference4) Charge concentrates near points or spikes.5) 5.13 x 10
11
V m
-1
1) 2.12 x 10
-6
N2)a) 1.14 x 10
17
V m
-1
b) 0.0364 N3) The measurements for r must be taken to the centres of the spheres. An error here would lead to adisparity in the results, compared with Coulomb’s Law.4) Answers of the order of 10
-6
m+3000 V0 V