ENERGY, POLLUTING EMISSIONS, ANDECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TUNISIA
Rania Ben Hamida, Amina Feki, and Sami Hammami
ince the United NationsConference on Environment and Development held itsRio meeting in 1992, where participants discussed the necessity of fightingagainst the hazardous effects of pollution and climate change, these issues have become even more pressing world-wide. The ever-increasing consumption of energy is depleting the planet’s natural capital to a degree that could impact our future prosperity. According to the
2008 Living Planet Report
, if demands for energy were to continue to grow at their current rates, by the mid-2030s we would need the equivalent of two planets to meet our global supply needs.
The rising level of energy consumption that is occurring internationally also is being mirrored at regional and national levels. An interesting case study along
*Rania Ben Hamida, a Ph.D. candidate in economics at the Faculty of Economics and Management (MODEVI), University of Sfax, Tunisia, earned a master’s degree in economics fromthe same institution and a B.A. in accounting from the Business School of Sfax. This paper drawsfrom thesis research the author undertook at the Faculty of Economics and Management of Clermont-Ferrand (University of Auvergne, France) at the Center for Studies and Research onInternational Development (CERDI). Her research focuses on energy and the environment.Amina Feki, a Ph.D. candidate in economics at MODEVI, University of Sfax, received her master’s degree in 2008 from the same institution. Her research interests are capital accountliberalization, financial crises, and economic growth.Sami Hammami, professor of economics in the Faculty of Economics and Management at theUniversity of Sfax, has more than 18 years of experience in higher education. He is a specialist ininternational macroeconomics and former director of the University’s Master’s in Economics program. His publications in journals and collective works concentrate on venture capital,investment, and industrial policy.
The Journal of Energy and Development
, Vol. 37, Nos. 1 and 2Copyright
2012 by the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development(ICEED). All rights reserved.