CWIT, PUNE MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT Subject: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
UNIT 3 : THERMAL AND HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
Q1. Explain with neat sketch working of a Modern thermal power plant andmention its
advantages and disadvantages.OR Draw neat layout of thermal power plants and explain its working.
Steam is the most common working fluid used in steam/Thermal power plant because of its many desirable characteristics, such as low cost, availability andhigh enthalpy of vaporization.
The general arrangement and layout of basic elements of thermal power plant isshown below.
A thermal power plant can be roughly divided into three segments (1) thefurnace boiler and auxiliaries (2) The turbine which includes condensor, pump,feed waterheaters and rejection system. (3) the electric generator.
Feed water flowing into the boiler is first preheated in the
, whichrecover the part or heat from the flue gases flowing to the chimney and thengoing to the atmosphere.This increases the efficiency as less heat must besupplied to the boiler.
The steam generated in the boiler may be wet or dry. It is superheated in the
which again takes the heat from the flue gases moving towards thechimney.
The superheated steam is supplied to the
which generated power.
the latent heat of vaporization of steam is transferred to thecirculating waste water supplied from
raises the feed water pressure and sends water to boiler through high pressure feed water heaters.
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING LECTURE NOTES 1