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Taylor–Proudman theorem

# Taylor–Proudman theorem

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Taylor–Proudman theorem
Taylor–Proudman theorem

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06/18/2014

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TaylorProudman theorem1
Taylor
–
Proudman theorem
In fluid mechanics, the
Taylor
–
Proudman theorem
[1]
(after G. I. Taylor
[2]
and Joseph Proudman
[3]
) states thatwhen a solid body is moved slowly within a fluid that is steadily rotated with a high , the fluid velocity will beuniform along any line parallel to the axis of rotation. must be large compared to the movement of the solid bodyin order to make the coriolis force large compared to the acceleration terms.That this is so may be seen by considering the Navier
–
Stokes equations for steady flow, with zero viscosity and abody force corresponding to the Coriolis force, which are:where is the fluid velocity, is the fluid density, and the pressure. If we now make the assumption thatis scalar potential and the advective term may be neglected (reasonable if the Rossby number is muchless than unity) and that the flow is incompressible (density is constant) then the equations become:where the angular velocity vector. If the curl of this equation is taken, the result is the Taylor
–
Proudman theorem:To derive this, one needs the vector identitiesandand(because the curl of the gradient is always equal to zero). Note that is also needed (angular velocity isdivergence-free).The vector form of the Taylor
–
Proudman theorem is perhaps better understood by expanding the dot product:Now choose coordinates in which and then the equations reduce toif . Note that the implication is that
all three
components of the velocity vector are uniform along any lineparallel to the z-axis.
Taylor Column
The Taylor column is an imaginary cylinder projected above and below a real cylinder that has been placed parallelto the rotation axis (anywhere in the flow, not necessarily in the center). The flow will curve around the imaginarycylinders just like the real due to the Taylor-Proudman theorem, which states that the flow in a rotating,homogenous, inviscid fluid are 2-dimensional in the plane orthogonal to the rotation axis and thus there is novariation in the flow along the axis, often taken to be the axis.The Taylor column is a simplified, experimentally observed effect of what transpires in the Earth's atmospheres andoceans.

TaylorProudman theorem2
References
[1]The Taylor-Proudman theorem was first derived by Sydney Samuel Hough (1870-1923), a mathematician at Cambridge University. See:Hough, S.S. (January 1, 1897). "On the application of harmonic analysis to the dynamical theory of the tides. Part I. On Laplace
s
oscillationsof the first species,
and on the dynamics of ocean currents".
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A

189
: 201
–
257. Bibcode 1897RSPTA.189..201H.doi:10.1098/rsta.1897.0009.[2]Taylor, G.I. (March 1, 1917). "Motion of solids in fluids when the flow is not irrotational".
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A

93
: 92
–
113.Bibcode 1917RSPSA..93...99T. doi:10.1098/rspa.1917.0007.[3]Proudman, J. (July 1, 1916). "On the motion of solids in a liquid possessing vorticity".
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A

92
: 408
–
424.Bibcode 1916RSPSA..92..408P. doi:10.1098/rspa.1916.0026.