Turkey, namely, Artvin, Kars, Rize, Trabzon, Giresun, Tokat, Sivas, Mersin, Adana,Kahramanmaraş, Adıyaman, Malatya, Elazığ, Tunceli, Gümüşhane, Erzincan,Bayburt, Erzurum, Ağrı, Van, Diyarbakır, Batman, Siirt and Muş. Attached to thisarticle is a map (Map 2) we have drawn to show the places demanded by BoghosNubar Pasha. That was an area amounting to some 390,000 square kilometers. Thatis roughly half the territory of modern Turkey.Boghos Nubar Pasha’s proposal was not accepted since in no part of that vastterritory the Armenians were the majority. Millions of Muslims were living in theseplaces. For that reason, even if such an arrangement were to be imposed on Turkeythere would have been no way such an Armenian administration could last long. Inother words, the big powers would have to help the Armenians in those regionsforever. No one wanted to shoulder such a burden. Furthermore, there was a major point that Boghos Nubar Pasha did not know or seemed to forget: A great part of theland he demanded was to be given to France under the aforementioned 1916agreement.British Prime Minister Lloyd George dismissed Boghos Nubar Pasha’s suggestionsas “Boghos’s fairy tales”. Meanwhile, the big powers still could not solve theproblem of which regions exactly would be given to the Armenians. In the end, theallied powers put into the Sèvres Treaty, signed on Aug. 10, 1920, the provision(Article 89) that the task of drawing the boundaries of Armenia would be left toPresident Wilson of the USA. Attached to our article is a map that shows thefrontiers determined by President Wilson (Map 3).The Turkish territory to be handed over to the Armenians under the Sèvres Treatyamounted to some 120,000 square kilometers. That was only 30 percent of the totalarea sought by Boghos Nubar Pasha. However, here too the Armenians were theminority – both prior to and in the aftermath of the war. That area corresponds to theVan, Ağrı, Kars, Artvin, Erzurum, Bingöl, Muş, Bitlis, Siirt, Erzincan, Gümüşhane,Bayburt, Trabzon, Rize and (part of) Sivas provinces of modern Turkey.How would these provinces, a great part of which was in the hands of the Turkishforces, be handed over to the Armenians? Under normal conditions one wouldexpect France and Britain to help the Armenians occupy these areas since these twocountries had fought against the Ottoman Empire and were still present in the region.However, these two countries had discharged a great part of their troops immediatelyafter the war and they did not have adequate forces to assign to that task. Under thecircumstances, the Armenian forces would have to tackle on their own the task of seizing the areas outlined by Wilson. However, the Armenian forces which weremostly “armed gangs” could hardly be expected to defeat the Turkish forces thatwere still a regular army though they had been decimated in the war. The clashesbegan in late September 1920 and lasted for nearly two months. The Armenianforces were defeated everywhere. With the Treaty signed in Gyumri, Armenia, onDec. 3, Armenia lost all the provinces it was supposed to get under the SèvresTreaty. With the Treaty of Gyumri the two sides agreed on today’s frontier betweenthe two countries and Armenia also admitted the invalidity of the Sèvres Treaty.