Hazrat Adam (a.s.)
"And when your Lord said to the angels, "I am going to place in the earth a Caliph,..."
(Baqarah : 30)Allah, the Almighty, created the earth, skies, sun, moon, stars and planets and furnishedall other necessities for man's survival. He created the angels for His worship andobedience and bestowed them with all the bounties. He taught them the method of Hisobedience and veneration. After this Allah, the Wise, created Adam (a.s.) and his progenyso that they may reside in the earth. Then He informed the angels that He intended toappoint man as His emissary on earth. He would permit him to partake of the earthly bounties and unearth the treasures hidden in its womb.The angels found this untenable that Allah should prefer some other creature over themfor the Caliphate on earth. Hence they said,
"What! Will Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness?"
"Surely I know what you do not know."
(Baqarah : 30).
"I know the wisdom behind appointing Adam and his sons as My vicegerents. You cannot comprehend this. I will shortly create Adam. As soon as I create him and blow My spirit into him, you all prostrate before him."
(All the Islamic scholars are unanimous that the prostration of angels to Adam was not a prostration of worship for it would have been anact of polytheism. The prostration was for Allah and Adam was like a qiblah (the center of attention) and the angels prostrated simply in consonance with divine decree.Allah created the body of Adam from special clay and blew His spirit into him (a.s.). TheHoly Spirit began to circulate in his body and he became a perfect human being, ready toinhabit the earth. All the angels prostrated before him in conformity with the Divine order except Iblis, who refused to comply. Allah sought the reason for his disobedience. Iblisreplied haughtily, "I am superior to Adam. You have created me from fire and him fromclay." Shaitan displayed his disdain to the divine mandate and disobeyed Allah. ThoughAllah had created Adam by His power, Iblis did not submit, thereby turning into aninfidel and being liable for eternal chastisement.Allah ordered Iblis out of His presence and said, "Now you have become very far fromOur Mercy and the halter of curse has been put around your neck till the day of Judgment." Iblis , thereafter called as Shaitan, requested the Almighty to give himreprieve till the day of reckoning and begged to be kept alive. Allah gave him reprieve tillthe "appointed hour." But Shaitan did not thank his Lord even for this obligation. Instead,he showed his ungratefulness by threatening, "I will forever misguide them all exceptYour sincere servants." Allah replied, "Go! Do as you wish and trouble whomsoever youcan with your instigation. Involve the people in your falsehood and deceit and make themfalse promises and show them your mirages. But remember well, those of my servantswho are sincere with firm beliefs and an unshakable faith, will not be misled by you. Youwill never be able to deviate them. Their hearts and ears will never submit to youwhisperings."