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Hazrat Adam (AS)

Hazrat Adam (AS)

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Published by Faizan

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Published by: Faizan on Feb 07, 2009
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11/01/2010

 
Stories of the Pious: Hazrat Adam(as), Hazrat Idris (as)
It is necessary for us to learn about the biography of the pious people like the Prophets(a.s.) and the companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.). Through this study, we can learnabout the characteristics of a leader and the conditions of his people. We can also pick valuable lessons from the mistakes committed by the past nations that we may refrainfrom them.Consider the following questions:1.Is there absolute concurrence in the parables of the Prophets (a.s.) as mentioned inthe Holy Quran and other divine scriptures?2.Have these incidents been tampered with in these scriptures?3.If so, then what was the reason for these alterations and how much does thisinfluence our belief in the infallibility of the Prophets (a.s.)?4.What is our responsibility in a situation when the facts relating to the Prophets(a.s.) have been misrepresented?We shall discuss these queries hereunder.Except for the Holy Quran, all other scriptures, have been altered radically so far as thelives of Prophets (a.s.) are concerned. Regarding the third question, as to why and howhad all these changes been incorporated, history has recorded the various machinations of the power hungry, who doctored the changes in the divine texts to suit their selfishmotives. They wished to dominate the populace taking considerable and of course, undueadvantage of their ignorance.The Torah (Old Testament) and the Bible (New Testament) are a case in point. The Jewsand the Christians after the passing away of their Prophets (a.s.), completely altered their scriptures. Consequently, they reverted to their disbelief.The present Torah and Bible are replete with lewd descriptions of fornication and actuallyattribute lying, consumption of wine, adultery and other vices to the divine messengers,thereby advocating the evils. The parables mentioned in these books would completely baffle a lay Muslim, putting a big question mark in his mind as far as the infallibility of the Prophets (a.s.) is concerned.
 
The following incident from the present Bible will illustrate the aforementioned point."Now Lot (Hazrat Lut ) went up out of Zo'ar, and dwelt in the hills with his twodaughters, for he was afraid to dwell in Zo'ar; so he stayed in a cave with his twodaughters. The elder said to the younger, "Our father is old. Now there is none from the progeny from our father who will become his heir. Come, let us make our father drink wine and we will sleep with him that his progeny may continue." So they made their father drink wine that night; and the elder went in and lay with her father, he beingcompletely unaware about it. And on the next day, the elder said to the younger, "Behold,I lay last night with our father; let us make him drink wine tonight also; then you go inand lie with him that we may preserve offspring through our father." So they made their father drink wine that night too; and the younger slept with him, with he being totallyignorant about it. Thus, both the daughters of Lot bore children through their father. Thefirst born bore a son, and called his name Moaab; he is the father of the Moabites to thisday. The younger also bore a son, and called his name Ben-ammi; he is the father of theAmmonites to this day."(Book of Genesis 20 Verse 30-37)This incident is as ridiculous as it is inconceivable. What conclusion would a lay Muslimor for that matter a lay Christian draw from the incident of Lot and his daughters? Can adivine Prophet who had been raised for guidance allow himself to be intoxicated and become so senseless so as to commit adultery with his very daughters? Is it conceivablethat a Prophet, who was sent to reform the people, stoop to a filthy act of incest? Allahcan never send such an individual for man's guidance. Human intellect simply does not permit him to accept this humbug. Such interpolations that have found their way in theBible are nothing short of sacrilege.Similar myths have been recorded in connection with Hazrat Yaqoob (a.s.) and Hazrat Isa(a.s.). Hazrat Yaqoob is credited with undertaking a wrestling match with God Himself and Hazrat Isa (a.s.) is attributed with the position of God's son. Such beliefs are in stark contrast with the principles of monotheism that was propagated by these Prophets.Therefore, one harbouring such beliefs would actually qualify as a polytheist.The divine intent in raising Prophets (a.s.) was to establish justice and equity among the people and to establish an attachment between the creatures and their Creator. However,if the Prophet himself becomes a slave of his carnal desires, he can hardly be expected torealize this divine aim. Therefore, all such references alluding adultery and falsehood arenothing but a figment of imagination of a few incestuous and self-seeking opportunists.Prophet Lut (a.s.) and the other divine messengers were absolutely sinless.They were infallible as is testified by the Quran,
"And (as for) Lut, We gave him wisdom and knowledge and We delivered him from thetown which wrought abominations; surely they were an evil people, transgressors; And We took him into Our mercy; surely he was of the good." 
(Anbiya:74-75)
 
Hazrat Adam (a.s.)
"And when your Lord said to the angels, "I am going to place in the earth a Caliph,..." 
(Baqarah : 30)Allah, the Almighty, created the earth, skies, sun, moon, stars and planets and furnishedall other necessities for man's survival. He created the angels for His worship andobedience and bestowed them with all the bounties. He taught them the method of Hisobedience and veneration. After this Allah, the Wise, created Adam (a.s.) and his progenyso that they may reside in the earth. Then He informed the angels that He intended toappoint man as His emissary on earth. He would permit him to partake of the earthly bounties and unearth the treasures hidden in its womb.The angels found this untenable that Allah should prefer some other creature over themfor the Caliphate on earth. Hence they said,
"What! Will Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness?" 
He said:
"Surely I know what you do not know." 
(Baqarah : 30).
"I know the wisdom behind appointing Adam and his sons as My vicegerents. You cannot comprehend this. I will shortly create Adam. As soon as I create him and blow My spirit into him, you all prostrate before him." 
(All the Islamic scholars are unanimous that the prostration of angels to Adam was not a prostration of worship for it would have been anact of polytheism. The prostration was for Allah and Adam was like a qiblah (the center of attention) and the angels prostrated simply in consonance with divine decree.Allah created the body of Adam from special clay and blew His spirit into him (a.s.). TheHoly Spirit began to circulate in his body and he became a perfect human being, ready toinhabit the earth. All the angels prostrated before him in conformity with the Divine order except Iblis, who refused to comply. Allah sought the reason for his disobedience. Iblisreplied haughtily, "I am superior to Adam. You have created me from fire and him fromclay." Shaitan displayed his disdain to the divine mandate and disobeyed Allah. ThoughAllah had created Adam by His power, Iblis did not submit, thereby turning into aninfidel and being liable for eternal chastisement.Allah ordered Iblis out of His presence and said, "Now you have become very far fromOur Mercy and the halter of curse has been put around your neck till the day of Judgment." Iblis , thereafter called as Shaitan, requested the Almighty to give himreprieve till the day of reckoning and begged to be kept alive. Allah gave him reprieve tillthe "appointed hour." But Shaitan did not thank his Lord even for this obligation. Instead,he showed his ungratefulness by threatening, "I will forever misguide them all exceptYour sincere servants." Allah replied, "Go! Do as you wish and trouble whomsoever youcan with your instigation. Involve the people in your falsehood and deceit and make themfalse promises and show them your mirages. But remember well, those of my servantswho are sincere with firm beliefs and an unshakable faith, will not be misled by you. Youwill never be able to deviate them. Their hearts and ears will never submit to youwhisperings."

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