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Theology Study Guide

Theology Study Guide

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Published by highmail8877
Theology
Theology

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Published by: highmail8877 on Dec 31, 2012
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07/14/2014

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-Israel was enslaved in egypt for more than 400 years-israelites multiplied despite the fact they were enslaved in egypt-the midwives feared the Lord and did not obey the command of the pharaoh to kill all the baby boys born to israelites mothers-main characters in moses story: moses mother, moses sister, pharaoh’s daughter, servants-moses was brought up as the son of pharaoah's daughter in Egypt-as moses grew older, he was sensative to the suffering of his people-after killing an Egyptian, he fled to the Midian desert and became a shepherd-God called Moses from a burning bush, and God introduced his name to Moses as “I am who I am”10 PLAGUES1—bloody water—god of Nile2—frogs—goddess of reproduction3—lice/gnats—god of earth4—flies/beetles—sacred scarab (god of creation/rebirth)5—plague on cattle—sacred bull and cow6—boils—evil-eye god7—hail—god of atmosphere8—locusts—protector from locusts9—darkness—the sun god10—death of first born—god of life-the Lord's passover; angel of the Lord passed over the houses with blood on the doo-the night before Jesus was crucified, Jesus and his disciples had the last supper (in remembrance of the passover)-God did not lead them through the Philistines (where there were giants), though it was the most direct path; he led them thru the Red Sea and Mt. Sinai-parity treaty-both parties are equal-suzerain-vassal covenant-one party is higher than the other (suzerain-great king; vassal-lower power)10 commandments as suzerain-vassal covenant-preamble-identifies the author of covenant by name and title “I am the Lord your God”-historical prologue-shows previous relations to one another; “who brought you out of egypt, out of theland of slavery-covenant stipulations-demands; “no other gods before me”-oath-vassal promises to obey suzerain; for 10 commandments, Israel's oath must be swon by the nameof Yahweh-blessings and curses-promises “that you may live long in the land”/ “will not hold him guiltless whotaketh his name in vain”-witnesses-no need for other witnesses 'cuz the suzerain is Yahweh Himself -provision for public reading-the 10 commandments are to be kept in the ark of the covenant in thetabernacle-deuteronomy repeats the 10 commandments, why? As a reminder for the second generation Israel toobey the Lord.-after Moses delivered a speech in deuteronomy, he died on Mt. Nebo-Joshua was choses to lead Israel-his first task: cross the Jordan River: it was parted, just like the Red Sea-next task: defeat jericho:----for first 6 days, circled walls once; then on the seventh day, they circled it 7 times (total: 13 times)-Israel was defeated at Ai because of the sin of Achan. The sin of one person tainted the whole nation.-The period after Joshua was the time of leadership of judges of Israel. In the period of Judges the people tended to live according to what they wanted to do. They did what was right in their own eyes.
 
They was a circular pattern of disobedience:God's anger → God's punishment → repentance → deliverancethe level of sin grew worse and worse; even the judges chosen by God committed sin: example: samson-Story of Ruth:Elimelech and Naomi lived in Bethlehem, had 2 sons, and there was a famine in bethlehem, so thefamily went to Moab. In Moab, the 2 sons married Mobaite women: Orpah and Ruth. Soon after,Elimelech and 2 sons died. After famine was over, naomi and ruth went back to bethlehem and orpahstayed in moab. Ruth then married Boaz (a relative of Naomi) and they had a son: obed, who is thegrandfather of David ***important messages learned from Ruth***---God's redemptive work included Ruth. “the occasional transfusion of Gentile blood into the veins of the divinely chosen and essentially israelite comunity”---the concept of redeemer in the person of Boaz foreshadows redemption in Christ-Samuel lived toward the end of the period of Judges. Samuel's mother Hannah was barren like theIsraelites (oppressed by their enemies) and empty spiritually. Example: priest Eli. Samuel becameleader as Judge and Prophet-Saul was chosen as the first king of Israel. At first, he was good. Rescued people of Israel from siegeof Jabesh. Achieved some military success against the philistines. But...-then Saul disobeyed God:----he assumed the role of priest and offered up sacrifices----saul did not kill the kind of the amalekites, even though God had commanded him to kill allamalekites.-Saul was the people's choice and he failed (he was from the line of Bejamin; not the chosen line. Judahwas the chosen line). Next king is David, who was born from the tribe of Judah.-Samuel anointed David, and after Saul's death, David established his throne in Jerusalem (city that lieson a hill-Zion). David wanted to build a temple for God, but only David's son would build the temple.David was a man of military triumph. David was born in Bethlehem-David's sin was with Bathsheba. Killed Uriah for her. Nathan the prophet came to David, and David'slife was full of sorrows from that point on.-After the death of David, Solomon (David's son &Bathsheba) became the third king of Israel.Solomon was well-known for several reasons:----Was wise – emphasized wisdom and fear of the Lord----Domestic prosperity – his region stretched from Babylon to Egypt----Religious achievement in building of the Temple in Jerusalem (90 feet long, 30 feet wide, 45 feethigh)----------Solomon's house was bigger (150' long, 75' wide, 45' high)---offerered 22,000 cattle tothe Lord.----Political stability. Queen of Sheba visit----Solomon's weakness: many wives and their idols-wrote 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 psalms. Known for the books of Ecclesiastes and Proverbs.-David is connected with the book of psalms-After Solomon died, kingdom of Israel was divided into two: North (Israel) Jeroboam; South (Judah)Rehoboam.-Rehoboam was Solomon's son. When Rehoboam became king, Jeroboam rebelled against him becauseRehoboam refused to lighten the burden of forced labor.-Jeroboam was the leader of the ten tribes of Israel. Jeroboam established the capital city in Samaria. Inorder to prevent the people from going to worship in the Temple, Jeroboam built two golden calves andmade 2 shrines, one in Bethel, and the other in Dan-Elijah the prophet confronted the northern Kingdom about Israel's idolatry. Elijah ministered during
 
the reign of Ahab. He confronted the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel and demonstrated the fact thatBaal was not the true God. The kingdom of Judah existed side by side with the Northern Kingdom.During this time the Temple in Jerusalem stood as the center of worship.-Elisha prophesied in the North, as well.-after the division of kingdom, the 10 tribes (N. Kingdom) continued to have kings. The majority didevil and worshipped Baal. N. Kingdom's deterioration was seen during time of Hosea (worshipingidols) and Amos (social injustice). Hoshea was the last king of the Northern Kingdom (Israel). Duringhis reign, Assyria laid siege of Israel's capital, Samaria.-The Northern kingdom was exiled to Assyria and scattered among the Assyrians. These people werethen known as the Samaritans.-Israel was finally destroyed by Assyria. This marked the end of the N. Kingdom-In the latter part of its history, Judah became he vassal of the Babylonians. However, King Jehoiakimof Judah rebelled against the suzerain and this caused Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Babylonians to laysiege to Jerusalem. Jehoiakim was replaced by Jehoiachin. Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin a prisoner to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar crowned Zdekiah as the puppet king in Judah. But Zedekiah later rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar. This caused Nebuchadnezzar to attack jerusalem and completelydestroy the city and Temple. Mattania's name was changed to Zedekiah, 'cuz Nebuchadnezzar wantedto be a bully and show his power.-Judah was exiled to Babylon after Jerusalem was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. From religious pointof view, the exile was the result of God's punishment for their disobedience. Judah abandoned the Lordand worshiped Baal, the fertility god and Molech, god that required human sacrifices.-the prophets Ezekiel and Daniel ministered in Babylon during Judah's exile. In ezekiel we see that the people were organized to live in their own communities in Babylon.-Judah lost their land, temple, and freedom while taken into exile in Babylon. The Book of Lamentations expresses their grief but also gives the hope of renewal and restoration.-Prophets like Jeremiah and Ezekiel concentrated on comforting the people:---Jeremiah reminded the people that they would not be returned to their land soon, so they should “getcomfortable” where they were at.---Ezekiel prophesied that God would bring the people back to their land. The vision of the valley of dry bones symbolized the regathering of the people.-The book of Daniel describes the lives of the people when they were in Exile. The focus of the book isDaniel and his 3 friends who lived in exile, given a high place in the Babylonian govt, but refused tocompromise their devotion to the true God.-Book of Esther also tells us the life of the people when they were in exile. Esther represented the people of Judah (jewish people) who stood against the power of the oppressor. This book shos howGod was still with his people even though they were in exile.-word Jerusalem (salem=peace...coincides with jeremiah's letter to live peaceably in Babylon)-Judah was in exile in Babylon for 70 years*international powers: Assyria → Babylon → Persia-The people of Judah were allowed to return to Jerusalem wen Cyrus took over Babylon. This time isgenerally considered the end of the Exile; Cyrus allowed the people who wanted to return to Judah andto rebuild the temple in jerusalem. When the people returned, they first rebuilt the altar for the Lord.The people celebrated the feast of tabernacles. This feast is the remembrance of the time when Israelwas still wandering in the wilderness.

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