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Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactors

Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactors

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Published by checkmeout803
Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactors for chemical engineering
Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactors for chemical engineering

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: checkmeout803 on Dec 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/07/2014

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Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactors
Copyrightc
2011 by Nob Hill Publishing, LLC
In a fixed-bed reactor the catalyst pellets are held in place and do not movewith respect to a fixed reference frame.
Material and energy balances are required for both the fluid, which occupiesthe interstitial region between catalyst particles, and the catalyst particles, inwhich the reactions occur.
The following figure presents several views of the fixed-bed reactor. Thespecies production rates in the bulk fluid are
essentially zero 
. That is thereason we are using a catalyst.
1
 
BA
c
js
DC
c
j
c
j
R
c
j
Figure 1: Expanded views of a fixed-bed reactor.
2
 
The physical picture
Essentiallyallreactionoccurswithinthecatalystparticles. Thefluidincontactwith the external surface of the catalyst pellet is denoted with subscript
s
.
When we need to discuss both fluid and pellet concentrations and tempera-tures, we use a tilde on the variables within the catalyst pellet.
3

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