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Jelly6 Research

Jelly6 Research

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Published by: marcbarbu on Jan 01, 2013
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IAT 337: Phase 1
Section D101Team Jelly-6Danny HoChristine LyKelvin MauAmbrose YauNovember 8, 2010
IAT 337: Phase 1
Justification: How Technology and Jellyfish Affect One Another
Our projects will interpret how a
jellyfish’s movement, particularly its tentacles, can be
imitated and represented through mechanical structures.In 2009, Kakani Katija and John Dabiri of the California Institute of Technology tested howjellyfish movement affects the Jellyfish Lake using a fluorescent dye (Bryner, 2009). Theirexperiments lead them to discover that when jellyfish pulsate through the water, they havethe ability to change ocean currents with this being confirmed by the dyes that leave trailsbehind them (Bryner, 2009). K
atija and Dabiri’s (Reily, 2009) research
revealed the howthis happens:Their bell-shaped heads push small swirling smoke rings out behind them, asexpected, but they also drag a cone of water with them wherever they go. Whenmoving vertically, they even manage to tow denser water toward the surface.Why this is important to note is because jellyfish
affect the ocean’s
viscosity and how
nutrients travel through the ocean because “
without any mixing, the surface of the oceanwould lack nutrients, as any food gets gobbled up immediately, while the ocean bottom
would remain deplete of oxygen” (Bryner, 2009)
. In conjunction with warmer climate andpollution due to carbon emissions, they
will further speed up the increase of the Earth’
sclimate change as jellyfish multiply from the increased acidity of the water (Alieson, 2010).In this sense, jellyfish and humans affect one another simultaneously. As a result of thewarmer temperatures, jellyfish will not be able to distinguish between the ocean and thecoast because the coast becomes saltier (which jellyfish are attracted to) and thus causethem to come to the coast and harm people (BBC.com, 2006).Technology, in the form of boats, affects jellyfish through translocation, which is
heexchange of ballast water (containing organisms) between regions and the transport of 
fouling biota (e.g. polyps) on ship hulls” (Richardson et al., 2009).
As a result, they areintroduced to new areas where they develop, breed, devour living organisms in the placesthat they are introduced to, and clog boat engines, power plants, and nets (Alieson, 2010).Although jellyfish can cause problems, they have recently affected solar power energy withthe help of Swedish researchers (Enviro-News, 2010):They have extracted luminous jellyfish protein known as GFP (Green Fluorescent Protein) and sandwiched it between a pair of electrodes to create a solar cell.The device starts out as a silicon platform, onto which two minute electrodes areplaced. A single drop of jellyfish protein is then put on top and, as it occupies thespace between the electrodes, it forms strands. Exposure to ultraviolet rays causes
2the protein to take in light and push out electrons - the building blocks of electricity
and the resultant creation is effectively a fully-functioning photovoltaic device inminiature.
 Analysis of Existing Kinetic Sculptures
 Jellyfish by Keiko TakahashiKeiko Takahashi noticed that jellyfishes have a similar shape to parachutes as well as howparachutes fold and expand. So, he was inspired to make interactive installations that connect to ceilings. The default movement consists of Jellyfish, made of the same materialthat parachutes are made of, moving up and down while simultaneously opening andclosing (Interactive Fairy Tale, n.d.). The purpose is to use air to open up the parachute in adelicate manner that mimics the movement of a jellyfish (Interactive Fairy Tale, n.d.).Takahashi has motion sensors connected to it so that it will move up and therefore furtheraway from people due to its shyness of human beings (Interactive Fairy Tale, n.d.).AquaJelly and AirJelly by FestoThe purpose of AquaJelly is to mimic the swarming behaviour of numerous jellyfishes. Howit is achieved is through the use of a processor combined with a propulsion system that connects to LEDS, which send signals to nearby jellyfish to get them to swarm as well as forthem to be notified of when they need to rise up to the recharging station (Festo, 2008). Thetentacles move lik 
e a fish’s fin and “the actual structure consists of two alternating tensionand pressure flanks connected by ribs” (Festo, 2008). The purpose for the structure is to get 
the tentacles to automatically bend when force is applied to the flank (Festo, 2008).Rhombic joints were used for the tentacles in order to create delays in their motion andthus make them have that fluid, waving movement (festo, 2008).AirJelly is from the same product platform as AquaJelly. The only difference between themis that Fes
to wanted to translate the movement of AquaJelly’s legs into something that can
move in the air. Using a helium balloon as the head, AirJelly is controlled through a centralelectric drive, a remote control, and crank mechanisms (Festo, 2008). The electric device
“transmits the force to a bevel gear wheel and then to eight spurs in sequence” (Festo,
2008) which then triggers the cranks to work. The legs then move in the exact same motionas the AquaJelly because they share the same leg structure (Festo, 2008).
Initial ideas of Kinetic Sculpture Product Platform
Theme: movement via wind power, which will be simulated by motors due to constraints.Spatial Setting for the Jellyfish Platforms:A dark room so that the LEDs will make the jellyfishes more visible in an environment that is as dark as the ocean.Possible Materials:
Acrylic - for translucent look.

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