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Theology 101 (English Version)

Theology 101 (English Version)

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Published by Lehkhabukhawvel

Miizo E-books, English E-books

Miizo E-books, English E-books

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Lehkhabukhawvel on Jan 01, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2013

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©2009 Christianity Today International
2
Introduction
Theology 101
Introduction
Defnitions
The word
theology 
is derived rom two Greek words:
*
 
Theos 
(God)
*
 
Logos 
(speech or reason)Thereore, theology in its simplest terms is rational discussion about God.In Greek, the word
theologia 
reerred to discussions amongst the philosophers about divinematters. Plato called the stories o the gods “theologies.” Aristotle considered theology tobe the greatest o all scientic studies since its subject, God, was the highest reality. Mark Batterson would echo Aristotle’s thoughts in his claim that every “-ology” is a branch o theology.B. B. Wareld promoted a classic denition as ollows: “Theology is the science o Godand his relationship to man and the world.” In greater detail, it is the discipline which 1)presents a unied ormulation o truth concerning God and his relationship to humanity and the universe as this is set orth in divine revelation; and 2) applies such truths to theentire range o human thought and lie. (
Evangelical Dictionary of Theolog
)
Theology:
the contents o the Christian aith as set orth in orderly exposition by theChristian community. (
Renewal Theology 
, J. Rodman Williams)
Theology:
the attempt to reduce religious truth to an organized system. (
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology 
)
Systematic theology:
any study that answers the question, “What does the whole Bibleteach us today?” This denition indicates that systematic theology involves collecting and
“Then we will no longer be immature like children. We won’t betossed and blown about by every wind o new teaching. We will not be inuenced when people try to trick us with lies so clever they sound like the truth. Instead, we will speak the truth in love, growingin every way more and more like Christ, who is the head o his body,the church.” 
—E
phEsians
4:14–15, nLT
 
 
©2009 Christianity Today International
3
Theology 101
Introduction
understanding all the relevant passages in the Bible on various topics and then summarizing their teachings clearly so that we know what to believe about each topic. (
Bible Doctrine 
, Wayne Grudem)
Doctrine:
 What the whole Bible teaches about some particular topic. (
Bible Doctrine 
, Wayne Grudem)
Major Doctrine:
one that has a signicant impact on our thinking about other doctrinesor that has a signicant impact on how we live the Christian lie (examples: authority o theBible, deity o Christ, justication by aith).
Minor Doctrine:
one that has very little impact on how we think about other doctrinesand very little impact on how we live the Christian lie (examples: diering views o theuture, orms o church government, orms o communion and baptism).
Paradox:
a seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true (example: thedoctrine o the Trinity). 
Other Disciplines
Biblical Theology:
historical development o theology throughout Scripture.
Historical Theology:
study o Christian doctrines as they have been considered at dierentpoints in church history.
Philosophical Theology:
a study o theological topics largely without the use o theBible. Instead, philosophical tools, resources, and methods are used to organize theologicalthought (example: Paul Tillich’s
Systematic Theology 
).
Narrative Theology:
a 20th-century development o theological thought predicated onthe idea that the Bible should be considered as narrative more than a system o theologicaltruth.
Dogmatic Theology:
a study o theology as set orth in the creeds, dogmas, andpronouncements o the church.
 Apologetics:
a deense o the Christian aith or the purpose o instructing believers orconvincing unbelievers.
Ethics:
the application o God’s Word to real lie situations, problems, and questions.

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