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Table Of Contents

1.2 Wind Tunnel Classification :
i) the type of test section
1.2.1 The type of test section:
1.2.2 The type of return circuit
1.2.3 The speed of flow in the test section:
1.3 Types of Wind Tunnel :
1.3.1 Subsonic Wind Tunnel :
1.3.2 Transonic Tunnel:
1.3.5 Full Scale Tunnel :
1.3.6 Compressed Air Tunnel :
1.3.7 Other Tunnels :
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Pick-up or Transducer:
2.2.1 Variable Resistance Transducer:
2.2.1.1 The Wheatstone Bridge Principle :
2.2.1.2 Summing Circuit :
2.2.1.3 Differencing Circuit :
2.2.2 Variable Capacitance Transducer :
2.2.3 Variable Reluctance Transducer :
2.2.4 Piezoelectric Transducer:
2.3 Signal Conditioner:
2.3.1.2 Bridge Balance :
2.3.1.3 Shunt Calibration :
2.3.1.4 Signal Amplification :
2.3.2 Signal Conditioner for Variable Capacitance Transducer :
2.3.3 Signal Conditioner for Variable Reluctance Transducer :
2.3.4 Signal Conditioner for Piezo-electric Transducer :
2.4 Data Acquisition System :
2.4.1 Analog System
2.4.2 Digital System :
1. Air speed calibration
3.2 Air Speed Calibration :
3.3 Determination of Velocity variation in test section :
3.4 Determination of Angular Flow Variation in the Test Section :
3.5 Turbulence Level :
4.2 Incompressible Flow Visualisation Techniques :
4.2.3 Oil Flow Method :
4.2.4 Evaporation Method :
4.3 Compressible Flow Visualisation Techniques :
4.3.1 Shadowgraph Method :
4.3.2 Schlieren Method :
4.3.3 Interferometer Method :
5.2.2 With Pre-Calibration of the Tunnel :
5.3 Pressure Distribution on Circular Cylinder Model :
6.3 Measurement of Forces and Moments :
6.4.1 Evaluation of tare and Interference Drag Separately :
6.4.2 Evaluation of the Sum of Tare and Interference Drag :
7.3 Pressure Scanning :
7.4.2 Without pre-calibration of tunnel :
8.2 Measurement of lift :
8.3 Measurement of pitching moment :
8.4 Simultaneous Measurement of Lift and Pitching Moment :
8.5 Other Forces and Moments :
8.6 Interactions Effect :
8.7 Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Measurement :
i) Surface preparation and bonding of strain gauges
8.7.1 Surface Preparation and Bonding of Strain Gauges :
8.7.2 Noise Suppression :
8.7.3 Thermal Effect :
8.7.4 Optimising Excitation Level :
9.2 General description :
9.5 Wind Tunnel Testing :
i) horizontal buoyancy
10.2 Horizontal Buoyancy :
10.5 Streamline Curvature Effect :
10.6 Summary of Two-dimensional Boundary Correction :
i) horizontal buoyancy
11.2 Horizontal Buoyancy :
11.5 Streamline Curvature Effect :
11.7 Summary of Three-Dimensional Boundary Corrections :
12.3 Drag by Measuring Distribution in the Wake of the Cylinder :
12.4 Drag by Direct Weighing
13.3.2 Approximate Solution :
13.3.3 Exact Numerical Solution :
13.5 Exact Numerical Method (Panel method) :
13.6 Overall Aerodynamic Characteristics :
13.6.1 Lift, Drag and Pitching Moment Coefficients :
13.6.2 Location of Aerodynamic centre :
13.6.3 Location of Centre of Pressure :
13.7 Wind Tunnel Testing :
14.2 Boundary Layer Parameters :
a) Laminar boundary layer in zero pressure gradient
14.3 Laminar Boundary Layer in Zero Pressure Gradient
14.3.2 Wind Tunnel Testing :
14.4 Laminar Boundary Layer in Favourable Pressure Gradient :
14.4.2 Wind Tunnel Testing :
14.5 Laminar Boundary Layer in Adverse Pressure Gradient :
15.2 Structure of Turbulent Boundary Layer :
15.4 Power Law Relations :
15.5 Wind Tunnel Testing :
16.3 Prandtl’s Lifting Line Theory :
16.4 Vortex Lattice Method :
16.5 Wind Tunnel Testing :
16.5.1 Measurement of pressure distribution :
16.5.2 Measurement of overall forces and moments using balance :
17.2 Slender Wings in Attached Flow :
17.3 Slender Wings in Separated Flow :
17.4 Wind Tunnel Testing :
17.4.1 Measurement of pressure distribution :
17.4.2 Measurement of overall forces and moments :
18.2 Straked Configuration :
18.3 Canard Configuration :
20.2 Shock Visualisation :
20.3 Run Time of Tunnel :
20.4 Determination of Mach Number :
20.4.1 By using Area-Local Mach Number Relation :
20.4.2 By Static Pressure Measurement on the Wall of the Test Section :
20.4.3 By using Rayleigh-Pitot Formula :
20.4.4 By using M Relation (Shock Wave over a Wedge) :
20.6 Variation of Mach number along diffuser axis
20.7 Determination of the exit velocity :
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Lecture Notes on Wind Tunnel Testing

Lecture Notes on Wind Tunnel Testing

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Published by Aseem Taneja

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Published by: Aseem Taneja on Jan 01, 2013
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06/07/2014

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