AFDA: School of MUSIC. © 200744 Frost Avenue, Auckland Park, Johannesburg, South Africa
Rock music is a form of popular music with a prominent vocal melodyaccompanied by guitar, drums, and bass. Many styles of rock music also usekeyboard instruments such as organ, piano, or synthesizers. Rock music usuallyhas a strong back beat, and often revolves around guitar, either electric or acoustic.Rock music has its roots in 1950s-era rock and roll and rockabilly. In the late1960s, rock music was blended with folk music to create folk rock, blues tocreate blues rock and with jazz, to create jazz-rock fusion, and without a timesignature to create psychedelic rock. In the 1970s, rock incorporated influencesfrom soul, funk, and latin music. Also in the 1970s, rock developed a number of subgenres, such as soft rock, hard rock, progressive rock, heavy metal and punkrock. Rock subgenres from the 1980s included glam metal, synth-rock, thrashmetal, hardcore punk and alternative rock. In the 1990s, rock subgenres includedgrunge-style rock, britpop, indie rock, piano rock, and nu metal.
Origins: Rock and roll
Rock 'n' roll came from rhythm and blues (R'n'B), country, and in turn itsinfluence fed back to these cultures, a process of borrowings, influences thatcontinue to develop rock music. Rock 'n' roll had runaway success in the U.S.and brought R'n'B-influenced music to an international audience. Its success ledto a dilution of the meaning of the term "rock and roll", as promoters were quickto attach the label to other commercial pop.Rock 'n' roll started off in the early-to-mid 1950s in the United States. African-American artists such as Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Bo Diddley, and FatsDomino played predominantly to African American crowds. While these key earlyrockers were indisposed to racism, local authorities and dance halls were verymuch divided upon racial lines.Mainstream acceptance of rock and roll came in the mid-1950s when what BoDiddley describes as 'ofay dudes' (or whites) signed to major labels and startedcovering their material. Elvis Presley and Bill Haley and the Comets, Buddy