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Ley orgánica del ambiente y el Principio de No Regresión

Ley orgánica del ambiente y el Principio de No Regresión

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Published by Mario Peña Chacon

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Published by: Mario Peña Chacon on Jan 02, 2013
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01/15/2013

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EO EAR C^FÏ@BKO JAE OMNBA@ZA R AE X^B@KBXBC JA @C ^AF^A[BÛ@M[k. Mo~bc Xaÿo Kdokû`
?
 
―Eo jaf~ojokbû` `c~mozbyo kc`jqka o eo jaf~o
jo
kbû` omnba`zoe” O`zc`bc Da~mo` Na`gomb`
 
Eo Ear C~fï`bko jae Omnba`za $ECO" `oka o eo ybjo g~íjbko eafc ja ` atza`{c r jbiíkbex~cka{c eafb{eozbyc qa zo~jû yo~bc{ oÿc{ r qa kemb`û kc` { x~cmefokbû` ae koz~c jackzn~a ja ?221.
>
X~ûtbmo o kmxeb~ ?4 oÿc{% r xc~ jakb~ec o{í% kc`ya~zb~{a a` morc~ jaajoj% `c{ x~cxc`amc{ ~aoebwo~ ` o`ïeb{b{ ja {{ x~b`kbxoea{ ko~okza~í{zbko{% ic~zoeawo{%janbebjoja{ r ~azc{ o eo ew ja eo{ `ayo{ za`ja`kbo{ jae ja~akdc omnba`zoe eozb`coma~bko`c%a` a{xakboe o`za ae `ayc x~b`kbxbc ja `c ~af~a{bû`.Xo~o aiakzc{ jbjïkzbkc{ ae x~a{a`za o~zíkec {a jbybja a` z~a{ xo~za{% a` eo x~bma~o {akkbû` {aja{o~~ceeo eo `oz~oeawo g~íjbko% a{z~kz~o% cngazbyc{% x~b`kbxbc{% ko~okza~í{zbko{% ic~zoeawo{%janbebjoja{ r ~azc{ ja eo ECO% a` eo {af`jo xo~za {a atxc`a eo `oz~oeawo% kc`za`bjc%oeko`ka{% i`joma`zc% ebmbzokbc`a{ r ~a{z~bkkbc`a{ jae `ayc x~b`kbxbc ja `c ~af~a{bû` jaeja~akdc omnba`zoe% r xc~ ÷ezbmc% a` eo za~ka~o {akkbû` {a xeo`zao eo xc{bnbebjoj ja jajkb~ eoatb{za`kbo r kc`za`bjc ja a{za `ayc x~b`kbxbc xc~ majbc ja `o b`za~x~azokbû` {b{zamïzbko%moza~boe r aycezbyo ja eo Ear C~fï`bko jae Omnba`za.
B.
 
Ear C~fï`bko jae Omnba`za
Ae ja`cmb`ojc ―nccm”
omnba`zoe ja ec{ oÿc{ `cya`zo% bmxe{ojc xc~ ec{ oka~jc{ rkcmx~cmb{c{ amo`ojc{ ja eo{ @okbc`a{ Q`bjo{ o xo~zb~ ja eo Kmn~a M`jboe ja eo Zba~~oja ^íc ja Go`ab~c a` ?22>%
;
zyc kcmc kc`{aka`kbo qa Kc{zo ^bko ~aic~mo~o a` ae oÿc?22: { Kc`{zbzkbc`oe Xceízbko%
:
a{xakíibkoma`za ae o~zíkec 18% b`{a~zo`jc ae ja~akdc o` omnba`za {o`c r akceûfbkoma`za aqbebn~ojc.
?
X~cia{c~ ja Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe ja eo Iokezoj ja Ja~akdc ja eo Q`bya~{bjoj ja Kc{zo ^bko r ja eo{Moa{z~ío{ ja Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe r Ja~akdc X÷nebkc Kcmxo~ojc I~o`kc-eozb`coma~bko`c jae [b{zamo jaA{zjbc{ ja Xc{f~ojc{ ja eo Q`bya~{bjoj ja Kc{zo ^bko. Mbamn~c ja eo Kcmb{bû` ja Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe ja eoQ`bû` B`za~`okbc`oe xo~o eo Kc`{a~yokbû` ja eo @oz~oeawo $QBK@".mo~bcxa`okdokc`Hfmobe.kcm 
>
Ear `÷ma~c 611: jae 8: ja ckzn~a ja ?221% xnebkojo a` ae Jbo~bc Cibkboe Eo Fokazo `÷ma~c >?1 jae ?;ja `cybamn~a ja ?221.
;
A` ?22> eo Kmn~a ja eo Zba~~o ja ^íc ja Go`ab~c% ~ax~a{a`zû ` dbzc a` eo{ `afckbokbc`a{ b`za~`okbc`oea{{cn~a eo{ ka{zbc`a{ ja omnba`za r ja{o~~ceec. [ cngazbyc a~o ecf~o~ ` g{zc aqbebn~bc a`z~a eo{`aka{bjoja{ akc`ûmbko{% {ckboea{ r omnba`zoea{ ja eo{ fa`a~okbc`a{ x~a{a`za{ r iz~o{% o{í kcmc {a`zo~ ec{x~b`kbxbc{ ja eo kccxa~okbû` b`za~`okbc`oe a`z~a ec{ xoí{a{ ja{o~~ceeojc{ r a` ja{o~~ceec% o{í kcmc a`z~a ec{fcnba~`c{ r ec{ {akzc~a{ ja eo {ckbajoj kbybe% {cn~a eo no{a ja eo kcmx~a`{bû` ja eo{ `aka{bjoja{ r ec{b`za~a{a{ kcm`a{.
 :
Ear `÷ma~c 6:?> jae >> ja morc ja ?22:% xnebkojo a` ae Jbo~bc Cibkboe Eo Fokazo `÷ma~c ??? jae ?8 ja g`bc ja ?22:.
 
Q`o yaw ~akc`ckbjc a b`kc~xc~ojc ae ja~akdc dmo`c oe omnba`za ja`z~c ja { ko~zomof`o% ae {b{zamo g~íjbkc omnba`zoe atxa~bma`zû ` k~akbmba`zc atxc`a`kboe majbo`zaeo xa{zo a` ybfa`kbo ja `ayo{ eara{% jak~azc{ r ~afeoma`zc{.
1
Kc` ae ib` ja jo~ea ko~ïkza~b`zaf~oe r {b{zâmbkc o a{a `ayc necqa ja eafoebjoj omnba`zoe qa {a fa{zono% ae eafb{eojc~x~cmefû a` ckzn~a jae oÿc ?221 eo Ear C~fï`bko jae Omnba`za% eo koe kc`{zookzoema`za ja >> koxízec{ r ??4 o~zíkec{% mo~ko`jc ` xo~za ofo{ a` ae ja{o~~ceecaycezbyc jae ja~akdc omnba`zoe kc{zo~~bka`{a.
B.?. @ozq~oeawo gq~íjbko.
A{ xc{bnea oib~mo~ qa eo Ear C~fï`bko jae Omnba`za ia kc`kanbjo xc~ ae eafb{eojc~ kcmc`o `c~mo mo~kc% `o ear ja zbxc fa`a~oe% `o ear ja no{a{% kro i`kbû` x~b`kbxoe ia eoja czc~fo~ea b`zaf~oebjoj r kcda~a`kbo zo`zc o eo `c~mozbyo omnba`zoe x~aybo o {x~cmefokbû`% kcmc oqaeeo xc~ ja{o~~ceeo~ o iz~c% kc` ae o`bm{ ja kc`{cebjo~ `{b{zamo g~íjbkc omnba`zoe< kc` aeeo ae eafb{eojc~ x~aza`jbû a{zoneaka~ ec{ x~a{xa{zc{mí`bmc{ ja x~czakkbû` omnba`zoe% o{í kcmc eo{ no{a{ fa`a~oea{ ja eo xceízbko% fa{zbû` reafb{eokbû` omnba`zoe% a` zcjc{ {{ `byaea{.O zcjo{ eka{ {a
z~ozo ja `o `c~mo ―
b`za~xa{zo
9
kc` eo koe {a x~aza`jbû za`ja~ ` xa`zaa`z~a eo Kc`{zbzkbû` Xceízbko r ae ~a{zc jae {b{zamo `c~mozbyc% c {ao% k~ao~ ` yí`kecjb~akzc a`z~a eo kc`{zbzkbc`oebjoj r eo eafoebjoj omnba`zoe xc~ majbc jae ja{o~~ceec`c~mozbyc jae o~zíkec 18 ja eo ko~zo mof`o.Xc{aa `o `oz~oeawo mbtzo% a` eo majbjo qa {a a`ka`z~o b`zaf~ojo zo`zc xc~ `c~mo{{{zo`zbyo{ kcmc x~cka{oea{% r kmxea% ko{b a` { zczoebjoj% kc` ec qa ae kc``czojc g~b{zo o~fa`zb`c KOIIA^OZZO
6
ja`cmb`o
`o a{z~kz~o {oe c `c~moe jae Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe Eozb`coma~bko`c r Ko~bnaÿc%
{ao7 o" `o ga~o~qío kc`{zbzkbc`oe jae ja~akdcomnba`zoe< n" ` {b{zamo eafoe a`konawojc xc~ `o Ear Mo~kc% qa ibgo ec{ f~o`ja{eb`aomba`zc{ ja eo xceízbko omnba`zoe% zo`zc xo~o ec{ a`za{ x÷nebkc{% ae fcnba~`c%i`kbc`o~bc{ x÷nebkc{ c Ozc~bjoja{% kcmc xo~o ec{ x~byojc{< a{zoneakba`jc a` eo{ ÷ezbmo{ya~{bc`a{ x~b`kbxbc{ ja ja~akdc omnba`zoe% ~afeo b`{z~ma`zc{ ja fa{zbû` omnba`zoe%oyo`wo {cn~a eo{ `c~mo{ x~b`kbxoea{ a` moza~bo ja ~ak~{c{ `oz~oea{% joÿc omnba`zoe%
1
 
 Eo `c~mozbyo omnba`zoe qa {a do fa`a~ojc a{ jamo{bojc atza`{o% ~axazbzbyo kc`i{o r ja{a{z~kz~ojoAtb{za `o yb{bû` ja qa ae x~cneamo omnba`zoe {a ~a{aeya k~ao`jc `ayo{ eara{ kc` kc`z~cea{% ~aqb{bzc{ c x~ckajbmba`zc{ `ayc{ A{zo yb{bû` xeo`zao ` mo~kc eea`c ja `c~mozbyo kcmxeago eea`o ja ~aqb{bzc{ rkc`z~cea{% xa~c ko~a`za ja ` a{qamo kcda~a`za ja oxebkokbû` b`{zbzkbc`oe A` a{za {a`zbjc eo yb{bû` a{ mï{ja kc`z~ce qa ja x~aya`kbû` jae joÿc omnba`zoe
”.
Fc`wïeaw Noeeo~% ^oioae% Ya~joja{ b`kûmcjo{ {cn~a eo g{zbkbo r eo fcna~`onbebjoj omnba`zoe a` Kc{zo ^bko% Ajbzc~boe G~íjbko Kc`zb`a`zoe% [o` Gc{â% >886.
9
Zâ~mb`c zbebwojc xc~ ae g~b{zo o~fa`zb`c Gc{â A{oí` oe ~aia~b~{a o eo `oz~oeawo g~íjbko ja eo Ear Fa`a~oejae Omnba`za ja { xoí{. A[OÍ@% Gc{â O.% Kcmxaza`kbo{ Omnba`zoea{% Onaeajc Xa~~cz% >884.
6
 
Koiia~ozzo% @â{zc~ O.% ―B`{zbzkbc`a{ ja Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe Eozb`coma~bko`c”% ^ayb{zo ja Ja~akdc X÷nebkc%
>882- BB% Ja~akdc Omnba`zoe
 ‛ 
BB% ^QNB@WOE- KQEWC@B Ajbzc~a{% @cybamn~a ja >882.
 
~âfbma` nï{bkc ja ~a{xc`{onbebjoj omnba`zoe% kbybe% xa`oe c ojmb`b{z~ozbyo% r ` jb{xc{bzbycqa ~afeo ec{ x~cka{c{% eo{ okkbc`a{ g~b{jbkkbc`oea{.
4
 [b nba` ae eafb{eojc~ `c ea czc~fû ae ko~ïkza~ ja c~ja` x÷nebkc o eo Ear C~fï`bko jaeOmnba`za% ~o`fc jae koe {b fcwo` cz~o{ `c~mo{ omnba`zoea{ kcmc eo Ear Ic~a{zoe r eo Earja Nbcjbya~{bjoj% xc~ { `oz~oeawo ja ear mo~kc qa n{ko eo b`zaf~oebjoj r kcda~a`kbojae {b{zamo `c~mozbyc omnba`zoe% {b~ya ja no{a i`joma`zoe xo~o eo b`za~x~azokbû`%b`zaf~okbû` r oxebkokbû` jae ~a{zc ja `c~mo{ qa kc`ic~mo` ae necqa ja eafoebjojomnba`zoe% `c~mozbyo qa a` { ~ajokkbû`% kc`{zbzkbû` r x~cmefokbû` jana og{zo~{a roeb`ao~{a o ec{ mo`jozc{% k~bza~bc{ r eb`aomba`zc{ ja{o~~ceeojc{ xc~ eo ECO.Ja a{zo ic~mo% ojamï{ ja kmxeb~ ae ~ce a{a`kboe ja ibgo~% o f~o`ja{ ~o{fc{% eo xceízbkoomnba`zoe jae xoí{ r jo~ea ko~ïkza~ {b{zâmbkc oe necqa ja eafoebjoj% {{ x~b`kbxbc{kc`{zbzra` bjao{ ~akzc~o{ kc` xcja~ ja b~~ojbokbû` {cn~a ae ~a{zc ja eo `c~mozbyo jb~akzo cb`jb~akzoma`za omnba`zoe% {ba`jc qa {{ jb{xc{bkbc`a{ x~ayoeaka`% a` ko{c ja kceb{bû`kc`k~~a`za% i~a`za o cz~o{ `c~mo{ g~íjbko{ ja ko~ïkza~ fa`a~oe.
B.>. Cngazbyc{% X~b`kbxbc{ r Ib`a{.
[af÷` {a jajka ja {{ o~zíkec{ ?% > r :% eo ECO zba`a kcmc cngazbyc x~b`kbxoe jczo~%zo`zc o ec{ kc{zo~~bka`{a{ kcmc oe A{zojc% ja ec{ b`{z~ma`zc{ `aka{o~bc{ xo~o oeko`wo~` omnba`za {o`c r akceûfbkoma`za aqbebn~ojc majbo`za eo kc`{a~yokbû` r ae {c{c{za`bnea ja ec{ ~ak~{c{ `oz~oea{. Ae A{zojc% majbo`za { oxebkokbû`% zba`a eo cnebfokbû`ja jaia`ja~ r x~a{a~yo~ a{a ja~akdc% a` n{ko ja ` morc~ nba`a{zo~ xo~o zcjc{ {{donbzo`za{. Kcmc jozc jbf`c ja ~a{oezo~% jakeo~o oe omnba`za kcmc xoz~bmc`bc kcm÷`ja ec{ donbzo`za{% ja zbebjoj x÷nebko a b`za~â{ {ckboe.Eo `c~mo {a a`ka`z~o b`{xb~ojo xc~ ec{ {bfba`za{ x~b`kbxbc{ fa`a~oea{7o" Ae omnba`za a{ xoz~bmc`bc kcm÷` ja zcjc{ ec{ donbzo`za{ ja eo @okbû`% kc` eo{atkaxkbc`a{ qa a{zoneawko` eo Kc`{zbzkbû` Xceízbko% ec{ kc`ya`bc{ b`za~`okbc`oea{r eo{ eara{. Ae A{zojc r ec{ xo~zbkeo~a{ jana` xo~zbkbxo~ a` { kc`{a~yokbû` rzbebwokbû` {c{za`bnea{% qa {c` ja zbebjoj x÷nebko {ckboe.n" Zcjc{ zba`a` ja~akdc o jb{i~zo~ ja ` omnba`za {o`c r akceûfbkoma`za{c{za`bnea xo~o ja{o~~ceeo~{a% o{í kcmc ae jana~ ja kc`{a~yo~ec% {af÷` 18 ja `a{z~oKc`{zbzkbû` Xceízbko.
4
 
Koiia~ozzo% @â{zc~ O.% ―^aic~meokbû` jae x~b`kbxbc ja x~cf~a{bybjoj o ?8 oÿc{ ja eo ear >1961 Fa`a~oe jae
Omnba`za% Oyo`ka{ r @cyajoja{

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