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Heat Transfer (2)

Heat Transfer (2)

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Published by Omkar Kumar Jha

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Published by: Omkar Kumar Jha on Jan 02, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/30/2014

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Physical mechanism
Free molecular transfer of energy.
Consider to parallel plates one is maintained at temperatureT
and another at temperature T
.
Such that T
>T
.
The space b\w. Them is filled with a gas at very low tempand pressure.
In this gas the number density of molecules is very low.
So that number of intermolecular collision is very small.
The average kinetic energy of molecules is related totemperature.
 
The molecules leaves the surface at temperature at T
will collidewith the next molecules and net heat transfer to lowertemperature T
.
Thus, there is a net transfer of energy from plate A to plate Band the rate is determined by the number density of themolecules and temperature.
This mechanism can also result in transfer of a chemical spicesfrom one surface to another. e.g is aluminizing large mirrors.
In liquids, this mechanism is same excepts that the interactionare far more frequent.
In solids energy is carried not in translation but in vibration of molecules within lattice.
Translation motion of highly mobile free electrons in metals addsto there lattice waves generated by such molecular vibration.

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