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Characteristics of Culture

Characteristics of Culture

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Published by Chinchay Guinto
1. characteristics of culture
2. functions of culture
3. modes of acquiring culture
4. adaptation of culture
5. all about culture
1. characteristics of culture
2. functions of culture
3. modes of acquiring culture
4. adaptation of culture
5. all about culture

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Chinchay Guinto on Feb 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/28/2013

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CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE
1.
Culture is learned and acquired. Not all things shared generally by a population are cultural-for it to be considered cultural it must be first learned as well as shared.
2.
Culture is shared and transmitted. Culture is passed on to succeeding generations primarilythrough Language/ Communication.
3.
Culture is social. Product develops by many people interacting in a group. No man is an island;he is always a part of a group.
4.
Culture is ideational. Culture uses ideas and symbols to give meanings to his environment andexperiences. Every individual sees and approaches his world according to standpoint of hisculture.
5.
Culture gratifies human needs . Human has biological needs such as food, shelter, clothing,protection, love, security and sex.
6.
Culture is adaptive .
7.
Culture is cumulative. People are able to retain certain features of their culture that aresignificant.
Functions of Culture
1.
Trademark
or special feature that distinguishes one society from another.
2.
Brings together, contains and interprets the values of a society
in a more or less systematicmanner.
3.
Provides one of the most important bases for
social solidarity
. Social Solidarity inspires loyaltyand devotion. When the nation has common feelings, common objectives it results to commonnational pride.
4.
Provides a
blueprint
of, as well as the materials for
social structure
.
5.
The culture of any society is the dominant factor in establishing and molding the socialpersonality.
Social stamp
is expected despite differences of individuals.
6.
Culture of a society
provides behavioral pattern
. It also provides norm to follow. This explainswhy student will not come in class wearing her bathing suit.
7.
Culture provides individual with the
meaning and direction of his existence
.
 
Modes of acquiring culture
1. Imitation2. Indoctrination- thru formal teaching3. Conditioning- individual acquires a certain pattern of belief, values, behavior and actions thruprocess conditioning. It is fueled and reinforced by system of reward and punishment.
Adaptation of culture
Man is one but cultures are many1. Parallelism- refers to the independent development of culture characteristics into widely separatedcultures.2. Diffusion- common process of patterns and traits passing back and forth from one culture to another.Ex: behavior patterns, food, customs, rituals and festivities3. Fission- process that can be traced historically when a long- established society breaks up into twoor more independent units.Ex: Aetas of Zambales, Manobos, Igorots, Dumagats of Palanan4. Convergence- fusion of two or more culture into a new one which is somewhat different from itspredecessors.Ex: Moorish+Spanish culture, Roman+ Germanic traits
*Diffusion and Convergence are the 2 most important forms of adaptation in the modern world because of globalization, migration and fast communication.
Cultural Variability
“Cultural Universal” meaning that every culture has the same customs but it varied how they executeand perform such customs;Cultural universals include the customs on;Adornment, courtship, dancing, hospitality, education, family, food taboos, religion, funeral rites,wedding ceremony, gestures and sexual restrictions.Example: All people adorn themselves, but they do it in various ways. In religion, some believe in onegod (monotheism) while many believe in many gods (polytheism)
 
2 Important Concept in culture variability
a. Ethnocentrism- tendency to regard their culture as the best and superior to others.Ex; racial discriminationb. Cultural relativity/ relativism- no universal right/ wrong and good/ bad for evaluating culturalphenomenon.Customs can only be judged by how well or how poorly they fit in with other aspects of culture. Ex:Polygamy/ having several wives
Other concepts of cultural significanceSubcultures
- subgroups of people who don’t think/ behave alike. They share most of society’s norms,values, beliefs but they change some of society’s ideas to reflect more closely to their own needs.
Important features of subculture:
1. Provide a sense of belonging and identity.2. develop unique features3. rules of behavior are set up for dealing with the outside world.4. supports group members in their daily activity5. even if they are ridiculed by other groups in society, subculture members know that upon returningon their own, they will receive social support and approvalEx: homosexuals6. Special signals- they are the same with the way they use language, dress, handshakes. They usesspecial signals to notice/ identify each other w/o being notice by an outsiders7. The feeling of “us” against “them”

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