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Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

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Published by Ritesh
This will assist students for Engineering Paper presentation at national Level Paper presentation Competition
This will assist students for Engineering Paper presentation at national Level Paper presentation Competition

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Ritesh on Feb 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/29/2013

 
06
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Brought to you by-Ritesh Bhusari
 
Hybrid Electric Vehicles2 B. N. C. O. E., Pusad
1. INTRODUCTION
Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Infact, many people have probably owned a hybrid vehicle at some point. For example, amoped (a motorized pedal bike) is a type of hybrid because it combines the power of agasoline engine with the pedal power of its rider. Hybrid vehicles are all around us. Theseinclude Giant mining trucks, Submarines
,
diesel-electric buses, locomotives etc.The gasoline-electric hybrid car is just that a cross between a gasoline- powered car and an electric car. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the internalcombustion engine of a conventional vehicle with the battery and electric motor of anelectric vehicle, resulting in twice the fuel economy of conventional vehicles. Thiscombination offers the extended range and rapid refueling that consumers expect from aconventional vehicle, with a significant portion of the energy and environmental benefits of an electric vehicle. The practical benefits of HEVs include improved fuel economy andlower emissions compared to conventional vehicles. The inherent flexibility of HEVs willallow them to be used in a wide range of applications, from personal transportation tocommercial hauling.The flexibility in the design of hybrid vehicles comes from the ability of thecontrol strategy to manage how much power is flowing to or from each component. Thereare many (often conflicting) objectives desirable for HEVs, the primary ones being:
·
Maximize fuel economy
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Minimize emissions
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Minimize propulsion system cost to keep overall vehicle cost affordable to theconsumer market
·
Do all of the above while maintaining or improving upon acceptable performance(acceleration, range, handling, noise, etc.)
 
Hybrid Electric Vehicles3 B. N. C. O. E., Pusad
2. NEED OF HYBRID VEHICLES
The most challenging task for automobile scientists is to provide pollutionfree vehicle for the people in the next millennium. The fossil fuel like gasoline & dieselwhich are being used in present are causing serious problem to environment condition by polluting the atmosphere which is a quit dangerous to human life.The reserves of petroleum products are also limited & hence cause seriousconcerns in future if they are exhausted. The four closed linked problem of air pollution,global warming resource depletion & noise pollution cannot be solved by continuation of  past trends i.e. program to improve new vehicle performances. So there is need to goalternate possible solutions.Other alternative fuel vehicle operating on natural gas, alcohol or dimethylether (underdevelopment)are in category of conventional fuelled vehicles. To overcomeabove problem is electrical vehicle, which is also called as zero emission vehicles. Theelectrical power could be obtained either from batteries or fuel cells. Batteries still plaguedwith limitations in terms of their energy performance cost, power performance as well asdurability. Fuel cells producing electricity directly by electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen, for vehicular application is serious contenders the batteries. But fuel cells still intheir primary stage the lot of research is required for their feasible use.But till situation become a worldwide phenomenon, hybrid electric vehicles,equipped with a gasoline engine & electric motors are offering immediate relief reducingthe toxic emission. HEV’S solves the problem of range as well as cost giving a completelyfeasible as well as optimum solution.

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