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Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District

Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District

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Published by MyConstitution
Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District
Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District

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Published by: MyConstitution on Jan 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/13/2014

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No. 11-1447
 
In The
 
Supreme Court of the United States
 
C
OY 
 A.
 
OONTZ
,
 
J
R
.,
  Petitioner,v.
S
T
.
 
J
OHNS
R
IVER
W
 ATER
M
 ANAGEMENT
D
ISTRICT
,
Respondent.On Writ Of Certiorari To The Supreme CourtOf The State Of Florida
BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN PLANNING ASSOCIATION, THE CITY OF NEW YORK, ANDTHE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORICPRESERVATION IN THE UNITED STATES AS
 AMICI CURIAE 
IN SUPPORT OFRESPONDENT
 
D
OUGLAS
T.
 
ENDALL
 E
LIZABETH
B.
 
W
 YDRA 
**
Counsel of Record
 T
OM
D
ONNELLY 
 CONSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY CENTER1200 18th St., NW, Ste 501Washington, D.C. 20036(202) 296-6889elizabeth@theusconstitution.org
Counsel for Amici Curiae
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
TABLE OF CONTENTS .............................................. iTABLE OF AUTHORITIES ....................................... iiiINTEREST OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
................................ 1SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ..................................... 4 ARGUMENT ................................................................ 8I. The Specialized Tests This Court Developed In
Nollan
And
 Dolan
Cannot Be Extended To OffersOr Suggested Offers By The District During A Permit Negotiation Process..................................... 8 A.
Nollan
and
 Dolan
cannot be applied to this casebecause Mr. Koontz broke off negotiationsbefore any particular condition was demandedby the District. .................................................... 8B. Under the doctrine of unconstitutionalconditions,
Nollan
and
 Dolan
can only beapplied in special cases, such as landdedications, in which the condition would be a
 per
 
se
taking if unilaterally imposed. ............... 18C. None of the conditions suggested by the Districtconstitutes a
 per se
taking, and thus
Nollan
and
 Dolan
cannot be applied to this case. ............... 25II. Mr. Koontz Could Have Challenged The Denial Of His Permit Application Under
Lucas
,
 PennCentral
, Or The Fourteenth Amendment, ButThose Arguments Would Have Failed On TheMerits. .................................................................... 31
 
 ii A. Although Mr. Koontz could have brought atakings claim under either
Lucas
or
 PennCentral
, he waived his
Lucas
claim explicitlybefore trial, and his
 Penn Central
claim wouldhave failed on the merits. ................................. 34B. Even if Mr. Koontz had presented an argumentunder the Fourteenth Amendment to this Court,it would have failed on the merits as well. ...... 36CONCLUSION .......................................................... 39

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