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Hepatic Encephalopathy

Hepatic Encephalopathy



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Published by miss RN

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: miss RN on Feb 08, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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definition:Hepatic encephalopathy is brain andnervous system damage that occursas a complication of liver disorders.It is characterized by variousneurologic symptoms includingchanges in reflexes, changes inconsciousness, and behavior changes that can range from mild tosevere.
Grading of the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy is asfollows:Grade 0 - Clinically normal mental status but minimalchanges in memory, concentration, intellectual function,and coordinationGrade 1 - Mild confusion, euphoria, or depression; decreasedattention; slowing of ability to perform mental tasks;irritability; and disordered sleep pattern, such as invertedsleep cycleGrade 2 - Drowsiness, lethargy, gross deficits in ability toperform mental tasks, obvious personality changes,inappropriate behavior, and intermittent disorientation,usually regarding timeGrade 3 - Somnolent but can be aroused, unable to performmental tasks, disorientation about time and place,marked confusion, amnesia, occasional fits of rage,present but incomprehensible speech

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