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The Concept of Continuity

# The Concept of Continuity

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01/04/2013

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The concept of continuity
RT1 - St. Arnold Janssen

1/4/13

Definitions
According to Euler -

A continuous curve is one such that its naturecan be expressed by a single function of
x
. If a curve is of such a naturethat for its various parts ... different functions of
x
are required for itsexpression, ... , then we call such a curve discontinuous.
According to Bolzano -
A function
(
x
) varies according to the lawof continuity for all values of
x
inside or outside certain limits ... if [when]
x
is some such value, the difference
(
x
+ omegalc ) -
(
x
) can be madesmaller than any given quantity provided omegalc can be taken as small aswe please.
According to Cauchy-
The function
will be, between two assignedvalues of the variable
x
, a continuous function if for each value of
x
between these limits the [absolute]value of the difference
(
x
+
a
) -
(
x
)decreases indefinitely with
a
.
According to Dirichlet -
One thinks of
a
and
b
as two fixedvalues and of
x
as avariable quantitythat can progressively take allvalues lying between
a
and
b
. Now if to every
x
there corresponds asingle, finite y in such a way that, as
x
continuously passes throughthe interval from
a
to
b
,
y
=
(
x
y
is

1/4/13

The Concept of Continuity
The goal of this section is to introduce theconcept of continuity.
Graphically, a function is said to be continuous if its graph has no holes, jumps, orincreases/decreases without bound at a certainpoint.
Stated differently, a continuous function has agraph which can be drawn without lifting thepencil from the paper.