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The Concept of Continuity

The Concept of Continuity

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Published by Darwin Cruz

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Published by: Darwin Cruz on Jan 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/04/2013

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Click to edit Master subtitle style1/4/13
 
The concept of continuity
RT1 - St. Arnold Janssen
 
1/4/13
 
Definitions
According to Euler -
 
A continuous curve is one such that its naturecan be expressed by a single function of 
 x 
. If a curve is of such a naturethat for its various parts ... different functions of 
 x 
are required for itsexpression, ... , then we call such a curve discontinuous.
According to Bolzano -
A function
(
 x 
) varies according to the lawof continuity for all values of 
 x 
inside or outside certain limits ... if [when]
 x 
 is some such value, the difference
(
 x 
+ omegalc ) -
(
 x 
) can be madesmaller than any given quantity provided omegalc can be taken as small aswe please.
According to Cauchy-
 The function
will be, between two assignedvalues of the variable
 x 
, a continuous function if for each value of 
 x 
 between these limits the [absolute]value of the difference
(
 x 
+
a
) -
(
 x 
)decreases indefinitely with
a
.
According to Dirichlet -
One thinks of 
a
and
b
as two fixedvalues and of 
 x 
as avariable quantitythat can progressively take allvalues lying between
a
and
b
. Now if to every
 x 
there corresponds asingle, finite y in such a way that, as
 x 
continuously passes throughthe interval from
a
to
b
,
 y 
=
(
 x 
) also gradually changes, then
 y 
is
 
1/4/13
 
The Concept of Continuity
 The goal of this section is to introduce theconcept of continuity.
Graphically, a function is said to be continuous if its graph has no holes, jumps, orincreases/decreases without bound at a certainpoint.
Stated differently, a continuous function has agraph which can be drawn without lifting thepencil from the paper.

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