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3:12-cv-3005 #22

3:12-cv-3005 #22

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc #22 - Memo in support of Motion to Dismiss
Doc #22 - Memo in support of Motion to Dismiss

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Categories:Business/Law
Published by: Equality Case Files on Jan 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/05/2013

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTSSPRINGFIELD DIVISIONSEXUAL MINORITIES UGANDA, : CIVIL ACTION:Plaintiff, : 3:12-CV-30051-KPN:v. : JUDGE MICHAEL A. PONSOR:SCOTT LIVELY, :: ORAL ARGUMENT REQUESTEDDefendant. :MEMORANDUM OF LAW IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTSCOTT LIVELY’S MOTION TO DISMISS PLAINTIFF’S COMPLAINT
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 22 Filed 06/22/12 Page 1 of 109
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1BACKGROUND FACTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2A. SMUG AND ITS CLAIMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2B. THE PERSECUTION ALLEGED BY SMUG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3C. THE ALLEGED “CONSPIRACY” BY MR. LIVELY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10LAW AND ARGUMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13I. THE STANDARD FOR DISMISSAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13II. PLAINTIFF HAS FAILED TO STATE A CLAIM FOR RELIEF BECAUSE MR.LIVELY’S SPEECH AND “CONDUCT” ARE PROTECTED BY THE FIRSTAMENDMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14A. AS A UNITED STATES CITIZEN, MR. LIVELY HAS A FUNDAMENTALRIGHT UNDER THE FIRST AMENDMENT TO ENGAGE IN NON-VIOLENTPOLITICAL SPEECH ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15B. THE FIRST AMENDMENT TRUMPS “INTERNATIONAL LAW” AND ISNOT SUBSERVIENT TO IT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16C. MR. LIVELY’S NON-VIOLENT POLITICAL SPEECH OR “CONDUCT”IS PROTECTED BY THE FIRST AMENDMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171. Mr. Lively’s Opinions and Non-Violent Political Speech RegardingHomosexuals and Homosexuality are Fully Protected. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182. SMUG has not Alleged any Actionable Conduct. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20III. THIS COURT LACKS SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION BECAUSE SMUG HASNOT ALLEGED CONDUCT IN VIOLATION OF UNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED ANDCLEARLY DEFINED INTERNATIONAL LEGAL NORMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24A. SMUG CANNOT ESTABLISH THAT THE TORT OF PERSECUTION ISUNIVERSALLY ACCEPTED AND CLEARLY DEFINED, BECAUSE THEROME STATUTE IS A TREATY, NOT A NORM, AND WAS EXPRESSLYREJECTED BY THE UNITED STATES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 22 Filed 06/22/12 Page 2 of 109
 
iiB. SMUG CANNOT ESTABLISH THAT PERSECUTION BASED ON SEXUALORIENTATION AND TRANSGENDER IDENTITY IS UNIVERSALLYACCEPTED AND CLEARLY DEFINED. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26IV. PLAINTIFF’S CLAIM FOR PERSECUTION FAILS TO STATE A CAUSEOF ACTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34A. MR. LIVELY’S PROTECTED POLITICAL SPEECH IS NOT“PERSECUTION.” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34B. SMUG CANNOT STATE A CLAIM FOR PERSECUTION IN ITS OWNRIGHT, BECAUSE IT IS AN ORGANIZATION, NOT AN INDIVIDUAL. . 37C. SMUG HAS FAILED TO PLEAD AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OFPERSECUTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40D. SMUG CANNOT STATE A CLAIM FOR PERSECUTION BECAUSE MR.LIVELY IS NOT A STATE ACTOR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44E. SMUG HAS NOT ALLEGED THAT MR. LIVELY HIMSELF COMMITTEDANY ACTS OF PERSECUTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47V. PLAINTIFF’S CLAIM FOR AIDING AND ABETTING PERSECUTION FAILS TOSTATE A CLAIM BECAUSE PLAINTIFF HAS NOT ALLEGED THE REQUIREDELEMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48A. SMUG FAILS TO ALLEGE ANY CONDUCT THAT CONSTITUTES AIDINGAND ABETTING PERSECUTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50B. SMUG’S CONCLUSORY ALLEGATIONS FAIL TO PLEAD THEREQUISITE INTENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55VI. PLAINTIFF’S CLAIM FOR CONSPIRACY FAILS BOTH BECAUSE THE COURTLACKS SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION AND BECAUSE SMUG FAILS TOSTATE A CAUSE OF ACTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57A. THE COURT DOES NOT HAVE SUBJECT-MATTER JURISDICTION OVERSMUG’S CONSPIRACY CLAIM BECAUSE CONSPIRACY LIABILITY ISNOT UNIVERSALLY RECOGNIZED AND CLEARLY DEFINED UNDERINTERNATIONAL LAW. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58B. SMUG’S CLAIM FOR CONSPIRACY FAILS TO STATE A CAUSE OFACTION BECAUSE SMUG FAILS TO ALLEGE THE REQUISITE MENSREA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 22 Filed 06/22/12 Page 3 of 109

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