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3:12-cv-3005 #36

3:12-cv-3005 #36

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc #36 - Plaintiff's Opposition to Motion to Dismiss Amended Complaint
Doc #36 - Plaintiff's Opposition to Motion to Dismiss Amended Complaint

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Categories:Business/Law
Published by: Equality Case Files on Jan 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/18/2013

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 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTDISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTSSPRINGFIELD DIVISIONSEXUAL MINORITIES UGANDA
Plaintiff 
,
 
v.SCOTT LIVELY, individually and as Presidentof Abiding Truth Ministries
 Defendant 
.
 
_________________________________________Civil Action3:12-CV-30051Leave to File ExcessPages GrantedJuly 6, 2012
PLAINTIFF’S
MEMORANDUM OF LAWIN OPPOSITION TO
DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO
DISMISSFIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT
 
Pamela C. Spees
 Admitted Pro Hac Vice
 Baher Azmy
 Admitted Pro Hac Vice
Jeena ShahCenter for Constitutional Rights666 Broadway, 7th FloorNew York, NY 10012212-614-6431 - Phone212-614-6499 - Faxpspees@ccrjustice.org Luke Ryan(Bar No. 664999)100 Main Street, Third FloorNorthampton, MA 01060Tel. (413) 586-4800Fax (413) 582-6419lryan@strhlaw.com 
 Attorneys for Plaintiff 
 
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 36 Filed 09/20/12 Page 1 of 107
 
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 1STATEMENT OF FACTS 6Scott Lively’s Intentional Plan to Deprive LGBTI People of Fundamental Rights 6Joining Forces in Uganda: Conspiracy and Common Enterprise 7Escalating the Plan to Deprive LGBTI People of Fundamental Rights 9Sexual Minorities Uganda Bears the Bruntof Lively’s Anti-Gay Strategies 11LAW AND ARGUMENT 13I.
 
DEFENDANT’S PARTICIPATION IN THE CONSPIRACY TO DEPRIVEPERSONS OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ON THE BASIS OF THEIRIDENTITY IS NOT PROTECTED FIRST AMENDMENT ACTIVITY. 13A.
 
Defendant's Speech Is Not the Basis of Plaintiff's Claims ButIs Admissible Against Him as Evidence of His Intent andExistence of the Conspiracy. 14B.
 
The First Amendment Right to Petition Does Not ShieldPolitical Participation for ‘Fraudulent or Unlawful Purposes.’ 17II. THE CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY OF PERSECUTIONCLEARLY CONSTITUTES A VIOLATION OF AN INTERNATIONALNORM THAT MEETS THE
SOSA
STANDARD. 19A.
 
The Crime Against Humanity of Persecution Is Among the‘Narrow Set’ of International Law ViolationsEnvisioned by
Sosa
. 21B.
 
Persecution Consists of the Deprivation of Fundamental Rightson the Basis of the Identity of the Group or Collectivity. 25C.
 
Persecution on the Basis of Sexual Orientation Is Proscribedby Customary International Law. 30
1.
 
The Rights to Equality and Non-Discrimination Constitute
 Jus Cogens,
Peremptory Norms in International Law. 30
 
2.
 
The Ongoing Commission of Discriminatory Acts DoesNot Negate the International Norm Prohibiting Them. 33
 
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 36 Filed 09/20/12 Page 2 of 107
 
 
3.
 
Customary International Law Clearly and UnequivocallyProscribes Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientationand Gender Identity. 35
a.
 
The United Nations Systemfor the Protection of Human Rights 35
 
b.
 
The European System for the Protection of Human Rights 40
 
c.
 
The Inter-American System for the Protection of Human Rights 42
 
d.
 
The Rome Statute Is Further Evidence of the Proscriptionof Persecution on the Basis of Sexual Orientationand Gender Identity 43
 
e.
 
Rapidly Growing Consensus Among States 44
 
III. PLAINTIFF’S DETAILED COMPLAINT STATES AND PLAUSIBLYPLEADS COGNIZABLE CLAIMS FOR DEFENDANT’S LIABILITYFOR THE PERSECUTION OF PLAINTIFF. 47A.
 
Because the ATS Recognizes Federal Common Lawfor Accessory Liability, Plaintiff Plausibly States Claimsfor Defendants’ Liability. 491. Plaintiff Has Plausibly Stated a Cognizable Claimfor Defendant’s Participation in a Conspiracy. 51a. The Complaint Contains Sufficient Factual Allegationsto Plausibly Plead a Conspiracy to Persecute the LGBTICommunity 53b. Defendant Is Liable for the Acts of His Co-Conspirators. 542. Plaintiff Has Properly and Sufficiently Pled Facts SupportingDefendant’s Liability Under The Doctrine of Joint CriminalEnterprise. 563. Plaintiff Has Stated a Plausible Claim for Defendant’sAiding and Abetting Liability. 58a. The FAC Adequately Alleges the Defendant’s
 Actus Reus
 for Aiding and Abetting Liability. 59b. The FAC Adequately Alleges the Defendant’s
 Mens Rea
 for Aiding and Abetting Liability. 63B. Plaintiff Has Plausibly Pled a Cognizable Claim for the CrimeAgainst Humanity of Persecution. 66
Case 3:12-cv-30051-MAP Document 36 Filed 09/20/12 Page 3 of 107

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