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Spatial Filtering Techniques

Spatial Filtering Techniques

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Published by R.Raghu

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Published by: R.Raghu on Jan 05, 2013
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05/08/2014

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Spatial Filtering Techniques
 
Spatial filtering
The use of a spatial mark for image processing is called spatial
filtering.
Two types of spatial filtering
(i) Linear filters,
(ii) Non linear filters.
(i) Linear Spatial Filter:
 
 –
Linear filter means that the transfer function and the impulse or point spreadfunction of a linear system are inverse Fourier transforms of each other.
Three types of linear filters are,
 –
(a) Lowpass filter.
 –
(b) Highpass filters, and
 –
(c) Bandpass filter.
 
Spatial Linear Filters
(a)Lowpass filter:
 
 –
It attenuates or eliminates high frequency components in the Fourier domain.High frequency components characterize edges and others sharp details in animage, so the low pass filter causes image blurring.
 
(b) Highpass filters:
 
 –
It attenuates or eliminates low frequency components. These components are
responsible for slowly varying characteristics of an image, such as overallcontrast and average intensity.
 
(c) Bandpass filter:
 
 –
It removes selected frequency regions between low and high frequencies. It isused for image restoration.

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