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Table Of Contents

DEFINING PSYCHOLOGY
BEHAVIOUR AND MENTAL PROCESSES
DISTINCTION BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY
PSYCHOLOGY AS A PROFESSION
areas of specialisation within psychology
ORIGINS OF CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
Philosophical roots of psychology
Scientific roots of psychology
Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt
Functionalism William James
Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud
Behaviourism John B. Watson
Humanism carl rogers
Biological perspective
Behavioural perspective
cognitive perspective
Socio-cultural perspective
SCIENTIFIC NATURE OF PSYCHOLOGY
SCIENTIFIC VERSUS NON- SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS
Psychics and psi abilities
astrology
STEPS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Step 2: construction of a hypothesis
Step 3: designing the method
Step 4: collecting the data
Step 5: analysing the data
Step 6: interpreting the data
RESEARCH METHODS
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
independent and dependent variables
extraneous variables
experimental and control groups
Sampling procedures
DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
case studies
Observational studies
QuALITATIVE AND QuANTITATIVE DATA
Qualitative data
Quantitative data
MAKING SENSE Of DATA
Percentages
Tables
graphs
Pie charts
PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Participants rights
Professional conduct
CHAPTER TEST
roles oF THe eYe In VIsual percepTIon
reception
Reception
Transduction
Transmission
Organisation and interpretation
VIsual percepTIon prIncIples
Visual perception principles
gestalt principles
percepTual seT anD VIsual percepTIon
Perceptual set
DIsTorTIons oF VIsual percepTIon BY IllusIons
M ller-lyer illusion
ames room illusion
LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT
stages of LIfespan deveLopment
areas of LIfespan deveLopment
How development proceeds
role of maturation in development
Sensitive periods in development
longitudinal and cross- sectional studies
Twin studies
adoption studies
Selective breeding experiments
ethIcs assocIated WIth stUdyIng deveLopment
DEVELOPMENT
GIBSon S THeorY oF perCepTUal developMenT
eMoTIonal developMenT
attachment theory
Key principles of Piaget s theory
criticisms of Piaget s theory
Moral developMenT
Kohlberg s theory of moral development
criticisms of Kohlberg s theory
pSYCHoSoCIal developMenT
development
criticisms of erikson s theory
pSYCHoloGICal CHanGeS In THe verY old
cognitive changes
Psychosocial changes
SUCCeSSFUl aGeInG
WHAT IS MENTAL ILLNESS?
Psychotic illness
non-psychotic illness
incidence of mental illness in australia
classifying mental illnesses
LABELLING SOMEONE WITH A MENTAL ILLNESS
DISRUPTIONS TO NORMAL DEVELOPMENT
Autism Spectrum Disorder
eating disorders
anxiety disorders
Schizophrenia
Dementia
RESEARCH METHODS 2
ReseaRch methods
Qualitative and quantitative research
qualitative research and quantitative research
More on experimental research
correlational studies
descRiPtive statistics
Frequency distribution
Measures of central tendency
variability
reliability and validity in research
RePoRting conventions
research report
Chapter teSt
tri-component model of attitudes
attitudes and behaviour
Factors influencing attitude formation
ATTITUDES TOWARDS PEOPLE
Stereotyping
Prejudice and discrimination
Factors that may reduce prejudice
Self-report methods
WHAT IS A GROUP?
types of power
effects of status and power within groups
Zimbardo s Stanford Prison experiment
ethical issues in Zimbardo s experiment
OBEDIENCE
Milgram s experiments on obedience
Factors affecting obedience
ethical issues in obedience studies
CONFORMITY
asch s experiments on conformity
Factors affecting conformity
the peer group
Peer pressure
risk-taking behaviour
BEHAVIOUR
pro-Social BehaViour
Factors influencing pro-social behaviour
altruiSM
Diffusion of responsibility
audience inhibition
cost benefit analysis
anti-Social BehaViour
aggression
Bullying
intelligence
Emotional intelligence
model of emotional intelligence
MEASURING INTELLIGENCE
Binet s test of intelligence
Stanford Binet test of intelligence
Wechsler s tests of intelligence
iQ and its calculation
Does iQ = intelligence?
variability of intelligence test scores
test validity and test reliability
test standardisation and test norms
Standardised testing procedures
standardised testing procedures
culture-biased and culture-fair tests
PERSONALITY
tHeorieS of PerSonality
Psychodynamic theories of personality
Trait theories of personality
Humanistic theories of personality
longitudinal studies
neurobiological factors and personality
MeaSuring PerSonality
Personality tests
Test reliability
etHiCal guidelineS for PerSonality teSting
ANSWERS
GLOSSARY
REFERENCES
INDEX
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Psychology VCE units 1&2 5th edition

Psychology VCE units 1&2 5th edition

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Published by Felix Edward
VCE units 1&2
VCE units 1&2

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Published by: Felix Edward on Jan 05, 2013
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