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1.1INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS
1.2DEFINITIONS
1.3INTRODUCTION TO “C” LANGUAGE
1.5‘C’ CHARACTER SET
1.6‘C’ CONSTANTS
1.7“C” VARIABLES
1.8‘C’ KEY WORDS
1.9“C INSTRUCTIONS”
1.10HIERARCHY OF OPERATIONS
1.11ESCAPE SEQUENCES
1.12BASIC STRUCTURE OF ‘‘C’’ PROGRAM
1.13DECISION MAKING INSTRUCTIONS IN “C”
1.14LOOP CONTROL STRUCTURE
1.15ARRAYS AND STRING
1.16POINTERS
1.17STRUCTURE AND UNIONS
1.18STORAGE CLASSES IN ‘C’
2.1ERRORS AND THEIR ANALYSIS
2.2ACCURACY OF NUMBERS
2.6INVERSE PROBLEMS
2.7. ERROR IN A SERIES APPROXIMATION
2.8 MATHEMATICAL PRELIMINARIES
2.9FLOATING POINT REPRESENTATION OF NUMBERS
2.11 MACHINE COMPUTATION
2.12 COMPUTER SOFTWARE
3.9PROGRAM TO IMPLEMENT BISECTION METHOD
3.10ITERATION METHOD—(Successive Approximation Method)
3.11SUFFICIENT CONDITION FOR CONVERGENCE OF ITERATIONS
3.12THEOREM
3.13CONVERGENCE OF ITERATION METHOD
3.14ALGORITHM FOR ITERATION METHOD
3.15FLOW-CHART FOR ITERATION METHOD
3.16COMPUTER PROGRAM
3.17THE METHOD OF ITERATION FOR SYSTEM OF NON-LINEAR
3.18METHOD OF FALSE POSITION Or REGULA-FALSI METHOD
3.19 ALGORITHM
3.20 FLOW-CHART
3.21CONVERGENCE OF REGULA-FALSI METHOD
3.22SECANT METHOD
3.23LIN-BAIRSTOW’S METHOD OR METHOD FOR COMPLEX
3.24MULLER’S METHOD
3.25ALGORITHM OF MULLER’S METHOD
3.26FLOW-CHART FOR MULLER’S METHOD
3.27THE QUOTIENT-DIFFERENCE METHOD
3.28HORNER’S METHOD
3.29 NEWTON-RAPHSON METHOD
3.30CONVERGENCE
3.31ORDER OF CONVERGENCE
3.32GEOMETRICAL INTERPRETATION
3.33ALGORITHM OF NEWTON-RAPHSON METHOD
3.37RATE OF CONVERGENCE OF NEWTON’S INVERSE FORMULA
3.38DEFINITIONS
3.39METHODS FOR MULTIPLE ROOTS
3.40NEARLY EQUAL ROOTS
3.41COMPARISON OF NEWTON’S METHOD WITH REGULA-FALSI
3.42COMPARISON OF ITERATIVE METHODS
3.43GRAEFFE’S ROOT-SQUARING METHOD
3.44 RAMANUJAN’S METHOD
4.2ASSUMPTIONS FOR INTERPOLATION
4.3ERRORS IN POLYNOMIAL INTERPOLATION
4.4 FINITE DIFFERENCES
4.5OTHER DIFFERENCE OPERATORS
4.6RELATION BETWEEN OPERATORS
4.7DIFFERENCES OF A POLYNOMIAL
4.8FACTORIAL NOTATION
4.10RECIPROCAL FACTORIAL
4.11MISSING TERM TECHNIQUE
4.12METHOD OF SEPARATION OF SYMBOLS
4.13DETECTION OF ERRORS BY USE OF DIFFERENCE TABLES
4.14NEWTON’S FORMULAE FOR INTERPOLATION
4.15NEWTON’S GREGORY FORWARD INTERPOLATION FORMULA
4.16NEWTON’S GREGORY BACKWARD INTERPOLATION
4.17CENTRAL DIFFERENCE INTERPOLATION FORMULAE
4.18GAUSS’ FORWARD DIFFERENCE FORMULA
4.19GAUSS’S BACKWARD DIFFERENCE FORMULA
4.20 STIRLING’S FORMULA
4.21BESSEL’S INTERPOLATION FORMULA
4.22 LAPLACE-EVERETT’S FORMULA
4.23INTERPOLATION BY UNEVENLY SPACED POINTS
4.24LAGRANGE’S INTERPOLATION FORMULA
4.25ERROR IN LAGRANGE’S INTERPOLATION FORMULA
4.26EXPRESSION OF RATIONAL FUNCTION AS A SUM OF PARTIAL
4.27INVERSE INTERPOLATION
4.28DIVIDED DIFFERENCES
4.29PROPERTIES OF DIVIDED DIFFERENCES
DIFFERENCES
4.32MERITS AND DEMERITS OF LAGRANGE’S FORMULA
4.33HERMITE’S INTERPOLATION FORMULA
5.2NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION
5.3FORMULAE FOR DERIVATIVES
5.4MAXIMA AND MINIMA OF A TABULATED FUNCTION
5.5ERRORS IN NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION
5.6NUMERICAL INTEGRATION
5.8TRAPEZOIDAL RULE (n = 1)
5.9SIMPSON’S ONE-THIRD RULE (n = 2)
5.10SIMPSON’S THREE-EIGHTH RULE (n = 3)
5.11BOOLE’S RULE
5.12WEDDLE’S RULE (n = 6)
5.13ALGORITHM OF TRAPEZOIDAL RULE
5.14FLOW-CHART FOR TRAPEZOIDAL RULE
NUMERICAL INTEGRATION
5.16OUTPUT
5.17ALGORITHM OF SIMPSON’S 3/8th
5.18FLOW-CHART OF SIMPSON’S 3/8th
5.20OUTPUT
5.21ALGORITHM OF SIMPSON’S 1/3rd
5.22FLOW-CHART OF SIMPSON’S 1/3rd
5.24OUTPUT
5.25 EULER-MACLAURIN’S FORMULA
5.27NUMERICAL EVALUATION OF SINGULAR INTEGRALS
5.28EVALUATION OF PRINCIPAL VALUE INTEGRALS
6.1INTRODUCTION
6.2INITIAL-VALUE AND BOUNDARY-VALUE PROBLEMS
6.3SINGLE STEP AND MULTI-STEP METHODS
6.4COMPARISON OF SINGLE-STEP AND MULTI-STEP METHODS
6.5NUMERICAL METHODS OF SOLUTION OF O.D.E
6.6PICARD’S METHOD OF SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATIONS
6.8EULER’S METHOD
6.9ALGORITHM OF EULER’S METHOD
6.10FLOW-CHART OF EULER’S METHOD
6.11PROGRAM OF EULER’S METHOD
6.12MODIFIED EULER’S METHOD
6.13ALGORITHM OF MODIFIED EULER’S METHOD
6.14FLOW-CHART OF MODIFIED EULER’S METHOD
6.15PROGRAM OF MODIFIED EULER’S METHOD
6.16TAYLOR’S METHOD
6.18 RUNGE-KUTTA METHODS
6.19FOURTH ORDER RUNGE-KUTTA METHOD
6.20RUNGE-KUTTA METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS FIRST ORDER
6.21 PREDICTOR-CORRECTOR METHODS
6.22 MILNE’S METHOD
6.24STABILITY
6.25STABILITY IN THE SOLUTION OF ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL
7.1THE STATISTICAL METHODS
7.2LIMITATION OF STATISTICAL METHODS
7.3FREQUENCY CHARTS
7.4GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF A FREQUENCY DISTRIBU-
7.5TYPES OF GRAPHS AND DIAGRAMS
7.6HISTOGRAMS
7.7FREQUENCY POLYGON
(Frequency Polygon)
7.8FREQUENCY CURVE
7.9CUMULATIVE FREQUENCY CURVE OR THE OGIVE
Cumulative Frequency Curve or the Ogive
7.10TYPES OF FREQUENCY CURVES
7.11DIAGRAMS
7.12CURVE FITTING
7.13PRINCIPLE OF LEAST SQUARES
7.14FITTING A STRAIGHT LINE
7.18FITTING OF AN EXPONENTIAL CURVE y = aebx
7.19FITTING OF THE CURVE y = axb
7.20FITTING OF THE CURVE y = abx
7.21FITTING OF THE CURVE pvr
7.22FITTING OF THE CURVE OF TYPE xy = b + ax
7.23FITTING OF THE CURVE y = ax2
7.24FITTING OF THE CURVE y = ax + bx2
7.25FITTING OF THE CURVE y = ax + b x
7.26FITTING OF THE CURVE y = a + b
7.29MOST PLAUSIBLE SOLUTION OF A SYSTEM OF LINEAR
7.30CURVE-FITTING BY SUM OF EXPONENTIALS
7.31SPLINE INTERPOLATION
7.32SPLINE FUNCTION
7.33CUBIC SPLINE INTERPOLATION
7.34STEPS TO OBTAIN CUBIC SPLINE FOR GIVEN DATA
7.35 APPROXIMATIONS
7.36 LEGENDRE AND CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIALS
7.37 LEGENDRE POLYNOMIALS
7.38 CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIALS
7.39SPECIAL VALUES OF CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIALS
7.40ORTHOGONAL PROPERTIES
7.41RECURRENCE RELATIONS
7.42ALITER TO FIND CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIALS
7.44PROPERTIES OF CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIALS
7.45CHEBYSHEV POLYNOMIAL APPROXIMATION
7.47REGRESSION ANALYSIS
7.48CURVE OF REGRESSION AND REGRESSION EQUATION
7.49LINEAR REGRESSION
7.50LINES OF REGRESSION
7.51DERIVATION OF LINES OF REGRESSION
7.52USE OF REGRESSION ANALYSIS
7.53COMPARISON OF CORRELATION AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS
7.54PROPERTIES OF REGRESSION CO-EFFICIENTS
7.55ANGLE BETWEEN TWO LINES OF REGRESSION
7.56ALGORITHM FOR LINEAR REGRESSION
7.59POLYNOMIAL FIT: NON-LINEAR REGRESSION
7.60MULTIPLE LINEAR REGRESSION
7.61STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL
7.63REASONS FOR VARIATIONS IN THE QUALITY OF A PRODUCT
7.64TECHNIQUES OF STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL
7.65CONTROL CHART
7.66OBJECTIVES OF CONTROL CHARTS
7.67 CONSTRUCTION OF CONTROL CHARTS FOR VARIABLES
7.68CONTROL CHARTS FOR ATTRIBUTES
8.1POPULATION OR UNIVERSE
8.2SAMPLING
8.3PARAMETERS OF STATISTICS
8.4STANDARD ERROR
8.5TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE
8.6CRITICAL REGION
8.7LEVEL OF SIGNIFICANCE
8.8ERRORS IN SAMPLING
8.9STEPS IN TESTING OF STATISTICAL HYPOTHESIS
8.10TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE FOR LARGE SAMPLES
8.11TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE OF SMALL SAMPLES
8.12STUDENT’S t-DISTRIBUTION
8.13TEST I: t-TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MEAN OF A RANDOM
SAMPLES (FROM A NORMAL POPULATION)
8.15SNEDECOR’S VARIANCE RATIO TEST OR F-TEST
INDEX
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Computer-Based Numerical and Statistical Techniques

Computer-Based Numerical and Statistical Techniques

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11/12/2013

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