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Money and Banking, ch.8 Central Bank and Monetary Policy

Money and Banking, ch.8 Central Bank and Monetary Policy

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Published by YIN SOKHENG
Prepared by Yin Sokheng, master in finance, lecturer in Accounting and Finance at Preah Kossomak Polytechnic Institute, PPI and others.
www.accviw.blogspot.com
Prepared by Yin Sokheng, master in finance, lecturer in Accounting and Finance at Preah Kossomak Polytechnic Institute, PPI and others.
www.accviw.blogspot.com

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: YIN SOKHENG on Jan 06, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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03/31/2014

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1
   ំពូក៨
 
 
ិងោបយរូិយវតថ   ុ
 
Central banks and Monetary policy
ៀបៀងោយកស្រច
 
យិន ្ុេង
អនបណត ហរញវតថ
 
www.scribd.com/sokhengyinE-mail: yin_sokheng@yahoo.com
2
យគលយយយរន
 

 

 
.

 
.
 
 
   
 
.
   
 
   
 
.
  
 
  
 

 

 

 
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
.
 
លកខ
 
ិង
 
តួនទីរស់នគរក
 
ធគក
(
Central Banks)
ជ  ដ
 
ជញ 
 

 
ជររ 
 
ជររ
 
ធគក
រឺជដភែជួ ើ  ញ  គគ  
 
3
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
 
2
តួទីប្់ធគក
 
The Roles of Central Banks
4
1.
ណ
 

 
2.
ួគគ  
 
3.
ួ
 
ញ 
 
4.
វ  ើោ  
 

 
5.
ោច  ែញ  
 
6.

 
ទ
 
7.
 
 
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
The Goals of Central Banking
5
Full employment of resources
A stable price level and FX rate
Sustained economic growth
A stable balance-of-payments position
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
The ChannelsThrough Which Central Banks Work
6
Policytoolsof thecentralbankVolume & growthof borrowing &spendingby the public ondomestic & foreignconsumer & capitalgoods & servicesEconomic goals:
Full employment
A stable price level
Sustainableeconomic growth
A stable balance-of-payments positionCost & availability of creditSize & growthof the money supplyMarket value
of the public’s security
holdingsCurrency exchangeratesPublic expectationsregarding securityprices, interest rates,currency prices,money supply & creditavailabilityMarketinterestratesLevel &growthof reservesin thebankingsystem
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
 
3
.
 
ោបយរូិយវតថ  ុ
 
 
ជ  ៃ
(price level stability)
ែើបែច
 
៖
 
ៃ
 
វលភហភ
 
ៀ
 
ពែ
 
ប  
 
7
កមវតថ ុ ននោយូបិយវតថ ុ
 
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
Reserve Requirement:
រញើែដៅ

 
Discount Rate/Discount Window:
ជែោច   
 
Open-Market Operations:

 
ដភៅ ើ
(
the open market)
Selective Credit Controls:
ជ   ធទ
(credit rules)
ពើ
 
8
ឧបកណ៍ ន
 
នោយូបិយវតថ ុ
 
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 
 
 
 
ជ
 

 
បឿវ      
 
  
 

 
រោច  
 

 
ែច
 

 
ឆៃែ
 
9
ឥទិពលននោយូបិយវតថ ុ
 
សច 
 
យិ ន 
 
្ុរេង 
 
 ហញ  
 

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