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British Invasion

British Invasion

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Published by John Stenner

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Published by: John Stenner on Jan 06, 2013
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01/08/2014

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 A SHORT HISTORY OF BRITAIN’S GREATEST CONQUEST
John Stenner
everything that came after is a reflection of what went before
 
BANDS
•T
 he Beatles
The Rolling Stones
Herman’s Hermits
The Kinks
The Animals
The Hollies
The Who
Led Zeppelin
The Small Faces
The Troggs
Donovan
Cream
The Yardbirds
Them
Gerry and the Pacemakers
The Searchers
Procol Harum
The Mindbenders
Manfred Mann
Freddie and the Dreamers
Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mitck and Titch
Dave Clark Five
The Zombies
Peter and Gordon
Chad and Jeremy 
Brian Poole and the Tremloes
The Moody Blues
SOLO ARTISTS
•Dusty Springfield •Cilla Black •Petula Clark •Tom JonesThis is a condensed history of the above as a full and complete history of each would be a book in itself.
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In the mid to late fifties America gave the world
“rock n roll”,
which had its roots firmly planted inrhythm and blues. Artists such as Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Little Richard and
Soul/R&B
artists such as Sam Cooke gave the teenage generation something they had been searching for - amusical voice of their own.However by the early sixties things had changed - and definitely for the worse. Elvis had gone into the army asa
 rock n roll 
rebel and emerged as a sugary boy next door - Jerry Lee Lewis was in all sorts of moral trouble -Little Richard had found religion - Buddy Holly was dead. Chuck Berry and some others kept rockin’ - but itwas a losing battle. Corporations had realised the enormity of the teenage market and had taken over, andthey were feeding the kids what they felt they should be fed - sanitised music sung by sanitised singers - highschool love songs and pop performed by the likes of Pat Boone, Fabian, Paul Anka and more. “
Sunshine,Lollipops and Rainbows”, “A Teenager In Love”,
this was all there was - and the moms and dads loved it - alittle rebellion, but not too much. Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon ruled and the kids were in danger ofturning into their parents before they turned sixteen. Something had to change.Meanwhile .....
On the other side of the Atlantic, Britain was still in the throes of post war austerity and while the U.S.A.was the major source of music on the airwaves, British kids were also making the own kind of music. Simple,easy to play, folk music based rock called Skiffle. A couple of acoustic guitars, a washboard and a string baseon a tea chest - skiffle meant that anyone could be a performer and through skiffle Britain was developing itsown brand of rock music - guitar based with a backbeat. But they were keeping it to themselves.Bands honed their skills playing small dances and parties, some were imported by the dance halls and stripclubs of Germany, where they played long hours and really got to understand their audience. They played whatthe kids wanted, not what the corporations told them to play.British record companies were reluctant to record this music as they followed the lead of the Americancompanies - but the groundswell was becoming too great to ignore. In early 1963 George Martin went into thestudio with a young band from Liverpool to record a single - not with any great support from the recordcompany (they were put on Parlophone, a small label of the parent company EMI).The song
“Love Me Do” 
was recorded in a couple of takes and went to number seventeen on the British chartsand the follow up single would change the world forever.
The Beatles
The Beatles evolved out of skiffle - Paul McCartney met John Lennon at the Woolton Parish ChurchGarden Fete. Lennon was playing with his skiffle group The Quarrymen and was impressed by McCartney’sguitar playing (and the fact that he knew all the words to
“Twenty Flight Rock” 
 ). McCartney introduced hisfriend George Harrison to Lennon and they each recognised in the others a kindred spirit.Playing mainly as a trio with an occasional, casual drummer, they played small gigs and talent quests/auditionswithout much success. They were joined by John Lennon’s art college friend Stu Sutcliffe (who they convincedto buy a bass guitar with his winnings from an art competition) and after a few name changes they became theBeatles (a name Lennon said was given to him by a
 man on a flaming pie
 ). Still without a drummer (PaulMcCartney played drums occasionally), they were developing a rebellious irreverent style and after a short tourof Scotland as Long John and the Silver Beetles they were offered a gig in Hamburg, Germany but the clubowner wanted a five piece band so they asked Mersyside drummer Pete Best to join the band and literally thenext day left for Hamburg.They played in a strip club, the Indra Club, and slept in a porn theatre. The sets were long and tiring and theBeatles were introduced to drugs, pills that helped them make it through the six hour sessions they played -they also learned to put on a show for the audience, who demanded that the Beatles
“mak schau”.
StuSutcliffe often played with his back to the audience so they couldn’t see how little he could play the bass. After the Indra was closed due to noise complaints, the Beatles moved to another club , the Kaiserkeller,owned by the same promoter.Their following and popularity was growing and they were about to move to a bigger, better club, The Top Ten,when George Harrison was deported for being underage (he was seventeen at the time) and Pete Best and
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