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POL661: Environmental Law Lecture Booklet

POL661: Environmental Law Lecture Booklet

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Published by Chad J. McGuire

Booklet of explanatory lecture modules presented in environmental law course.

Booklet of explanatory lecture modules presented in environmental law course.

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Published by: Chad J. McGuire on Jan 06, 2013
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09/17/2013

 
 
FCXN\V@CBV EI XSLAGO XEAGOW
XEA99>Cbyg|eb`cbvna An{Acov|c @nvc|gnas
§
Odnf M" @oKg|c! Naa \gkdvs \csc|ycf
G" Fe [c Bccf ve X|evcov vdc Cbyg|eb`cbv5Ynacs nbf \cnsebs
Acov|c Eyc|ygc{
 
[c lckgb e| ctxae|nvgeb ei cbyg|eb`cbvna an{ {gvd vdc l|enfcsv ei vexgos! fgsossgbkvdc
ynac mfk`cbvs
nbf
|nvgebnacs
vdnv `gkdv nxxaw ve vdc ~csvgeb ei x|evcovgbk vdccbyg|eb`cbv" Oebsgfc| vdnv vdc|c gs be —`nbfnvc‗ ve x|evcov vdc cbyg|eb`cbv
>
nbf cycbvdc yc|w gfcn skkcsvs vdc cbyg|eb`cbv gs se`cvdgbk vdnv bccfs x|evcovgbk" Gb e|fc| ie| sve bfc|svnbf vdgs gb k|cnvc| fcvnga! {c bccf ve ig|sv dnyc se`c bfc|svnbfgbk ei 
{dnv vdccbyg|eb`cbv novnaaw gs
${c bccf ve dnyc se`c nk|cc`cbv eb vdc vc|` —cbyg|eb`cbv‗'!nbf vdcb {c bccf ve oe`c ve se`c bfc|svnbfgbk eb
{dw vdc cbyg|eb`cbv `gkdv lc gbbccf ei x|evcovgeb
" [c lcgbk vdgs ctxae|nvgeb lw fgsossgbk
ynacs
vdnv `gkdv lcoebbcovcf ve vdc cbyg|eb`cbv! ieaae{cf lw se`c ctxae|nvgeb ei vdc
|cnsebs
vdnv `gkdvctgsv ve x|evcov vdc cbyg|eb`cbv"
Eyc|ygc{ ei Cbyg|eb`cbvna An{
 
_e! {dnv gs
cbyg|eb`cbvna an{
|cnaaw5 [caa! {c onb svn|v {gvd vdc elyges"Cbyg|eb`cbvna an{ `sv fcna {gvd
nv acnsv 
v{e vdgbks= vdc
cbyg|eb`cbv
! nbf vdc
an{
"
Ns{c `eyc vd|ekd vdc `nvc|gnas {c {gaa kngb n xc|sxcovgyc eb vdc `ngb sg`gan|gvgcs nbffgiic|cbocs lcv{ccb {dnv {c vc|` vdc —cbyg|eb`cbv‗ nbf {dnv {c gfcbvgiw {gvd ns vdc—an{"‗ Ie| be{ gv `nw siigogcbv ve onvcke|g}c vdcsc v{e oebocxvs ns ieaae{s=
>
Ie| ctn`xac! vdc|c gs be
oebsvgvvgebna |c~g|c`cbv
icfc|naaw vdnv snws vdc keyc|b`cbv`sv x|evcov vdc cbyg|eb`cbv $vdc —se|oc‗ ei icfc|na cbyg|eb`cbvna xe{c| novnaawoe`cs i|e` vdc
Oe``c|oc Oansc
ei vdc S"_" Oebsvgvvgeb'" Oebv|nsv vdgs {gvd vdc
 Lgaa ei  \gkdvs
$ig|sv vcb n`cbf`cbvs ve vdc S"_" Oebsvgvvgeb'! {dgod fcvngas sxcogigo |gkdvs nbf x|evcovgebs vdc ogvg}cbs dnyc nkngbsv keyc|b`cbv novgeb" S"_" Ogvg}cbs dnyc n |gkdv vei|ccfe` ei sxccod! nssc`law! vdc |gkdv ve lcn| n|`s! nbf evdc| cb`c|nvcf |gkdvs"De{cyc|! vdc|c gs be —|gkdv‗ ve n —oacnb‗ nbf —dcnavdw‗ cbyg|eb`cbv gb e| Oebsvgvvgeb"Vds! {c `sv aeej ve vdc
xeagvgona x|eocss
$ackgsanv|c `esvaw' ve scc gi vdc|c gs n{gaagbkbcss ve ctx|css sod |gkdvs gb e| bnvgebna xeagow lw xnssgbk
an{s
vdnv o|cnvc sod x|evcovgebs ie| vdc cbyg|eb`cbv"
 
Xnkc < ei >>3
 
Cbyg|eb`cbv
= Fcigbcf gb n —bnv|na‗ scbsc" \canvcs ve bnv|na scvvgbks x|g`n|gawvd|ekd elsc|ynvgebs nbf sogcboc" Lnscf `ngbaw eb
elmcovgyc o|gvc|gn
! `cnbgbkvdc sc ei elsc|ynvgebs nbf vdc sogcbvgigo `cvdef gbie|` s ei {dnv vdccbyg|eb`cbv gs nbf de{ e| novgebs `gkdv gbiacboc gv"
<
 
 
An{
= Nb ctx|cssgeb ei 
 seogcvna be|`s
lnscf eb d`nb x|cic|cbocs nbf onxnlacei odnbkgbk eyc| vg`c" Gb xeagow xn|anboc! —an{‗ gs vdc
ctx|cssgeb
ei xeagow x|cic|cbocs $svnvvcs x|g`n|gaw' ns {caa ns vdc
g`xac`cbvnvgeb
ei vdesc xeagow x|cic|cbocs $nf`gbgsv|nvgyc cbie|oc`cbv ei svnvve|w kenas'"Ebc ei vdc jcw fgiic|cbocs lcv{ccb
cbyg|eb`cbv
nbf
an{
ns fcigbcf nleyc gs vdcfgsvgbovgeb lcv{ccb se`cvdgbk vdnv gs onxnlac ei lcgbk oebv|eaacf lw d`nb odegoc $an{'!nbf se`cvdgbk vdnv gs slmcov ve ie|ocs nbf oebfgvgebs vdnv n|c bev cnsgaw oebv|eaacf lwd`nb odegoc $cbyg|eb`cbv'" Ebc {nw ei bfc|svnbfgbk vdgs oebocxvnaaw gs ve vdgbj nlev n |canvgebsdgx lcv{ccb vdc cbyg|eb`cbv nbf seogcvw" N ygsna |cx|cscbvnvgeb ei vdgs|canvgebsdgx gs x|eygfcf dc|c=
<
Ie| ctn`xac!
elsc|ynvgebs
ei odnbkcs gb on|leb fgetgfc oebocbv|nvgebs gb vdcnv`esxdc|c eyc| vg`c dnyc acf ve vdc fcvcovgeb ei n |canvgebsdgx lcv{ccb gbo|cnscfnyc|nkc kaelna vc`xc|nv|cs nbf gbo|cnscf nyc|nkc oebocbv|nvgebs ei nv`esxdc|go on|lebfgetgfc" Vdcsc elsc|ynvgebs n|c vdc lnsgs ie| bfc|svnbfgbk=
 
Vdc
lnojk|ebf |nvc
ei on|leb fgetgfc gb vdc nv`esxdc|c ${dnv on`c lcie|c':
 
Vdc
elsc|ycf odnbkc
gb nv`esxdc|go on|leb fgetgfc oebocbv|nvgebs ${dnv gsdnxxcbgbk':
 
Vdc
oebbcovgeb
$|canvgebsdgx' lcv{ccb gbo|cnscf nv`esxdc|go on|leb fgetgfcoebocbv|nvgebs nbf gbo|cnscf kaelna nyc|nkc vc`xc|nv|cs ${dgod {c|c nase lcgbkelsc|ycf nbf |nvcs ei odnbkcf bevcf'"Vdc elsc|ynvgebs n|c vdc iebfnvgeb ei vdc
 sogcbvgigo `cvdef 
nbf naae{ ie| vdc sc ei 
elmcovgyc gbie|`nvgeb
ns vdc `cnbs ei bfc|svnbfgbk e| bnv|na {e|af ‟ e| —cbyg|eb`cbv"‗
 
Xnkc ? ei >>3Ns we onb scc i|e` vdc g`nkc! vdc skkcsvgeb gb vdgs ygsna |cx|cscbvnvgeb gs vdnv vdc an{$|cx|cscbvcf ns vdc lac‑seogcvw‐ |covnbkac' gs oebsv|ngbcf lw vdc cbyg|eb`cbv$|cx|cscbvcf ns vdck|ccb‑cbyg|eb`cbv‐ |covnbkac'" Vdgs skkcsvs vdnv e| seognagbsvgvvgebs n|c
lebf
lw elmcovgyc bnv|na swsvc` inove|s" Vds! e| seogna exvgebs n|c
ag`gvcf 
lw cbyg|eb`cbvna oebsv|ngbvs: e| nlgagvw ve `njc odegocs gs ag`gvcf lw lnojk|ebf cbyg|eb`cbvna oebfgvgebs"
?
Sbfc| sod n x|cs`xvgeb! {c onb scc vdnv
an{
gsse`c{dnv slsc|ygcbv ve vdc
cbyg|eb`cbv
! nv acnsv {dcb {c oebsgfc| {dnv `sv kgyc{nw {dcb vdc v{e oe`c gbve oebiagov sod vdnv d`nb {caalcgbk gs xanocf nv |gsj" [cdnyc `od k|cnvc| oebv|ea eyc| odnbkgbk e| an{s $ns ctx|cssgebs ei e| seogcvna be|`s'vdcb {c fe eyc| odnbkgbk lnojk|ebf cbyg|eb`cbvna oebfgvgebs ve sgv e| bccfs" Vds!{c `nw igbf cbyg|eb`cbvna an{s oe`c gbve ctgsvcboc ns n {nw ei odnbkgbk e| ctxcovnvgebs ns {c oe`c ve bfc|svnbf vdc g`xnovs ei e| novgebs $o||cbv x|cic|cbocs'eb lnojk|ebf cbyg|eb`cbvna oebfgvgebs"
6
 EJ! vdnv gs igbc! lv {dnv gs vdc
oebvctv 
ie| {dnv {c {gaa lc acn|bgbk5 Vdc ig|sv |cnfgbk$_vebc' nvvc`xvs ve kcv we ve vdgbj nlev vdc
xeagow
 
g`xagonvgebs s||ebfgbk vdcfcycaex`cbv ei cbyg|eb`cbvna an{" Vdc slsc~cbv |cnfgbk gb vdc Ig|csvebc vctvnvvc`xvs ve kcv we ve svn|v vdgbjgbk nlev de{ ve
fcigbc
vdc cbyg|eb`cbv $i|e` scyc|na xc|sxcovgycs'" G {gaa dgkdagkdv se`c ei vdc xegbvs dc|c! lv G nase {nbv ve vnjc n sagkdvawfgiic|cbv nxx|enod nbf scc gi gv {gaa ngf gb we| bfc|svnbfgbk" Vdc nxx|enod lckgbs {gvdn ~goj s``n|w ei vdgbjgbk nlev
xeagow
gb oebvctv! nbf vdcb `eycs eb ve n fgsossgebei 
cbyg|eb`cbv
" _e vdc kena dc|c gs ve oe`c ve nb bfc|svnbfgbk ei {dnv xeagow `cnbs gbvdc oebvctv ei cbyg|eb`cbvna an{= vdc _vebc |cnfgbk dcaxs {gvd vdc xeagow oebvctv i|n`gbkvdc ~csvgeb ei cbyg|eb`cbvna an{! {dgac vdc Ig|csvebc gbv|efove|w `nvc|gnas dcaxs svdgbj nlev {dnv {c `cnb {dcb {c sc vdc {e|f —cbyg|eb`cbv‗ gb n xc|sebna nbf acknaoebvctv"
?
Nb ctn`xac `gkdv lc e| nlgagvw ve `njc seogna odegocs vdnv |csav gb vdc fck|nfnvgeb ei nb g`xe|vnbv |cse|oc! agjc {nvc| ie| d`nb oebs`xvgeb $f|gbjgbk! lnvdgbk! cvo"'"
 Xevnlac
{nvc| gs bcocssn|w ie| d`nb ctgsvcboc $nbf {caalcgbk'" Vds! e| seognafcogsgebs n|c bcocssn|gaw lebfcf lw vdcg| g`xnov eb {nvc| ~nagvw" Gi {c naae{cf d`nbnovgygvgcs ve oebvgbnaaw
fck|nfc
{nvc| ~nagvw ve vdc xegbv {dc|c d`nbs oeaf bevoebs`c oacnb {nvc|! vdcb {c {eaf lc xanogbk e|scaycs gbve n xesgvgeb {dc|c e| s|ygyna gs nv-svnjc" Vds! e| seogna fcogsgebs vdnv `gkdv gboafc novgygvgcs vdnv dn|`{nvc| ~nagvw n|c
lebfcf 
$ag`gvcf' lw e| bccf ie| oacnb {nvc|" Lnojk|ebfcbyg|eb`cbvna oebfgvgebs scv vdc lnscagbc ie| oacnb {nvc|! nbf e| novgebs n|c vdcbfg|covcf lw n oebsgfc|nvgeb ei vdcsc lnojk|ebf oebfgvgebs $de{ `od oacnb {nvc| gsnynganlac' nbf vdc g`xnovs ei e| novgebs eb vdcsc oebfgvgebs"
6
Ie| ctn`xac! o||cbv an{s vdnv naae{ ie| oe`xnbgcs ve fgsodn|kc odc`gonas gbve{nvc|{nws `nw lc elsc|ycf eyc| vg`c ve fck|nfc {nvc| ~nagvw" Gi vdc {nvc| ~nagvw lcoe`cs vd|cnvcbcf ve vdc xegbv ei g`xnovgbk d`nb {caalcgbk! vdcb e| odegoc gs ve navc| e| o||cbv an{s $e| x|cic|cboc ve naae{ vdc f`xgbk ei odc`gonas' se vdnv {c onb x|evcov {nvc| ~nagvw: vdc bc{
 x|cic|cboc
ie| ag`gvgbk odc`gona f`xgbk ns n `cnbs$kena' ei x|evcovgbk {nvc| ~nagvw `nw lc sccb ns nb cbyg|eb`cbvna an{"

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