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PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND AGROMETEROLOGY

PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND AGROMETEROLOGY

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Published by Gary Bhullar
B.Sc Agriculture Notes
B.Sc Agriculture Notes

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Published by: Gary Bhullar on Jan 06, 2013
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06/21/2015

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1
COURSE
 NO :
AGRO
101TITLE :
PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY
AND
AGRICULTURAL
METEOROLOGY
 
2
DEPARTMENT OF
AGRONOMY
:
AGRO
101
1. Course
 No.
:
2. Course
Title
Principles of Agronomy and
Agr
i
cu
l
tura
l
Meteorology
:
3
(2+1)
3. Credit
Hours
:
4. General
Objective
To impart knowledge on principles
of 
agronomy and agricultural
meteorology
5. Specific
Objectives
:
a)
Theory
By the end of the course, the students will be able
toi.
ii
.
understand the concepts of agronomy and agricultural
meteorology
know about the situation of agriculture in various agro-climatic zones
of 
India and Andhra
Pradesh
discuss the risks and uncertainties and ways to manage the same for better crop
 production
ii
i.
 b)
Practical
By the end of the practical exercises, the students will be able
to
i. identify different manures, fertilizers, green manure plants
e
t
c.
ii. participate in all agricultural operations like ploughing, puddling,
sowing,
application of fertilizers, harvesting
e
t
c.
A) Theory Lecture
Outlines
1.2.
Definition of agriculture – meaning and scope of 
agronomy
History and development of agriculture in ancient India – agriculture
in
civilization
era
 National and International Agricultural Research Institutes in
India
Agro-climatic zones of India – soils, land use pattern, major sources
of 
irrigation and ground water 
 potential
Agro-climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh – soils, land use pattern, major 
sources
of irrigation and ground water 
 potential.3.4.5.
 
36.
Tillage and tilth – objectives of tillage – characteristics of ideal seed bed – 
effect
of tillage on soil properties – pore space, texture, structure, bulk density andcolour of the
soil
Types of tillage – preparatory tillage – factors affecting preparatory cultivation,after cultivation,
 puddling
Sowing – methods of sowing – time and depth of sowing for major agriculturalcrops
 – 
cereals, pulses and
oilseeds
Crop stand establishment – factors affecting optimum stand establishment
Planting
geometry – competition – types of competition, intra and inter plantcompetition – 
 plan
t
population – effect of plant population on growth and yield – optimum plant density
and
planting
 pattern
Soil fertility – soil fertility and soil productivity – fertility losses – maintenanceof 
soi
l
fertility – soil organic
matter 
Weed control – definition of weed – losses and uses of weeds – weed influenceon
crop
production – methods of wed
control
Irrigation management – importance of irrigation – objectives of irrigation
 – 
methods of irrigation – drainage and its
advan
t
ages
Cropping systems – monocropping – definition and principles of crop rotation – m
i
xed
cropping – intercropping – relay cropping – multistoried cropping – solecropping
and
sequence
cropp
i
ng
Harvest maturity symptoms and harvesting of major agricultural crops – rice,maize, groundnut, sugarcane and pulses – maturity indices, method of harvesting,threshing
and
winnowing – harvest
index
Agricultural meteorology – introduction – definitions of 
meteorology,
climatology and agricultural meteorology – scope and practical utility
of 
agricultural
meteorology
Composition and structure of atmosphere – definitions of weather and climate
 – 
aspects involved in weather and
climate
Solar radiation – definition, introduction of electromagnetic spectrum andfunctions
of 
light, solar constant, net radiation, black body radiation, emissivity,absorptiv
it
y,
reflectivity, transmissivity and
albedo
Physiological response of different bands of incident radiation – factors
affecting
distribution of solar radiation within the plant
canopy7.8.9.10.11.12.13.14.15.16.17.18.19.

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