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The Teachers Of Umar Suhrawardi

The Teachers Of Umar Suhrawardi

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The Teachers of Shihāb al-Dīn 'Umar al-SuhrawardīAuthor(s): A. J. ArberrySource:
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London,
Vol. 13,No. 2 (1950), pp. 339-356Published by:
on behalf of
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Accessed: 04/09/2010 02:46
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 Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of  London.
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The TeachersofShihabal-Din'Umaral-Suhrawardi
ByA. J.
ARBERRY
Eare informedbyIbn al-'ImadthatShihabal-Din'Umarb.'AbdAllahal-Suhrawardi(d.632/1234),thecelebratedS.ufiand founderof,theSuhrawardiyaOrder,"heardTraditions from anumber(of scholars)",andthathewrote"aMashyakha2inan attractivesection
(fTjuz'n
latif)3 "ThisMashyakhawasknowntoHajjiKhalifa,4butnocopyis notedbyBrockelmann.Nowitisalwaysinterestingtohave the names of the teachersof famousmen,moreespeciallywhen suchinformationrests ontheauthorityofthe celebritiesthemselves,and itisthereforea fortunatechance thatamanuscriptof Shihab al-Din al-Suhrawardi'sessayinautobiographyhasactuallysurvived.5Whatismore,thisuniquecopyisintheautographofaneminentscholar;thecolophonissignedMuhammadb. Shukral-Shafi'i,andisdated738/1337.6Tocompletethegood story,therecensionmounts to theauthorhimself,andthelearnedcopyisthastranscribedfromhisarchetypeanoteofsami'with al-Suhrawardidated620/1223atBaghdad.7Theauthorgivesthe names offifteen ofhisteachers,togetherwith thetextsofasmallnumber of Traditions heardbyhimfromeach;each Traditionisfurnishedwithafullisndd;andinsomeinstancesthedatesofthe teacher'sbirth anddeath areprovided.The listbeginswithShihabal-Din'suncle,Diya'al-Din'Abdal-Qahirb.'AbdAllahal-Suhrawardi,himselfa well-knownSufischolar(d.562/1168,see BrockelmannI436,Suppl.I780);significantlyenoughnomention ismade of'Abdal-Qadiral-Jilani(d.561/1167)who iscommonly reportedtohaveinitiatedal-Suhrawardinto Suffism.Inthefollowinganalysisthe namesofal-Suhrawardi'steachersaregivenastheyoccurin themanuscript,followedbythetextsoftheTraditions,togetherwithsomespecimensof isndd.I.Diya'al-Din Abu'1-Najib'Abdal-Qahirb.'AbdAllah b.Muhammadb.'Abd Allah called(al-ma'rufbi-)'Amfyab. Sa'db.al-Husainb.al-Qasimb. Muhammadb.'Abd Allahb.'Abdal-Rahmanb.AbiBakral-Qasim
1Shadharatal-dhahabV153;Ibn al-'Imadnames theTabaqdt[al-Shafi'zya]ofIbn[Qd.i]Shuhba(d.851/1448,seeBrockelmannII50,Suppl.II51)as hisauthority.
2
For othercompilations havingthis titleseeBrockelmann,indextoG.A.L.andSuppl.;HajjjiKhalifa,Kashfal-zunun(Turkishedition)II1696-7.
8
The termjuz'iscommonlyused to indicatea smallcollection,particularlybut notexclusivelyofTraditions;it does notnecessarily implyextractionfrom alargerwork.4Kashfal-;ununII1697(Turkish edition).6InMS. Arab. 495(foll.84-94)of Mr. ChesterBeatty'scollection.6Muhammadb.Shukral-Dairi al-Shafi'i al-Nasikhal-Dimashqi,awell-knowncalligrapher,diedinDhu'l-Hijja753/January1353;see IbnHajar,al-Duraral-kamina,iii,456.
7
Fol.94b,see alsofol.84b;the full transmission of the textis detailedat theendof thisartiole.
 
A.J.ARBERRY-
b. Muhammadb. Abi Bakral-Siddiq(b.about(taqdira")490,d.nightofSaturday18JumadaII563).
&A.
This isstatedtohavebeenthe first Tradition heardbyShihabal-Dinfromhisuncle;itwasthefirstTradition heardbyhis uncle fromAbu'l-QasimZahirb. Tahir al-Shahham,1whosefirst itwas from Abu SalihAhmadb.'Abdal-Malikal-Mu'adhdhin,2whosefirst it was from AbuTahirMuhammadb.Muhammad b.Mahmishal-Ziyadi,3whose first it was fromAbiHamidAhmadb.Muhammad b.Bilal,4whosefirst it was from 'Abdal-Rahmanb.Bishrb.al-Hakam,5whosefirstit was fromSufyanb.'Uyaina,6whosefirst itwasfrom'Amrb.Dinar,7whoreceivedit fromAbuQabusaclientof 'AbdAllahb. 'Amrb.al-'As,8who receiveditfrom'Abd Allahb.'Amr,whohaditfromtheProphet.9
>L;J
ll
J^
J;>?9
^
s^l(
Received fromAbfu'Ali Muhammad b. Sa'id b. Nabhanal-Katib,l0fromAbfi
1Alsoal-Nisaburi,MusannidofKhurasan,diedin Rabi' II533/December1138,seeShadharatIV 102.The author'sobjectingivingtheseisnddisclearlyto traceback the Tradition totheProphetbyas few linksaspossible-afavouritediversionof some Traditionists.
2
Almad b.'Abd al-Malik b.'Allal-Nisaibrial-Hafiz,MuhaddithofKhuraisan,isstatedtohave received1,000Traditions from1,000differentteachers,and tohave travelled toIfahan,BaghdadandDamascus;hediedinRamadan470/April1078 at theageof82,leavingbehindhim anumber ofbooksandroughdrafts,see Shadharat III335.
3
Muhammadb.Muhammadb. Mahmish b. 'All b. Dawudb.Aiyib al-Ziyiadal-Shafi'i,Musannid ofNisibur,b.317/929,d.410/1019,see ShadharatIII192.
4
Amadb.Muhammadb.Yahyab. Bililal-Nisabuiri,d.330/942,see ShadhardtII325.5AbiMuhammad'Abd al-Rahman b.Bishrb. al-Hakam b.Habib al-'Abdial-Nisaburi,d.260/874,seeal-Khatib,Ta'rikhBaghdadX 271-2.
6
AbuMuhlammadSufyinb.'Uyainab.Abi'Amran,b.107/725,d.198/814,seeTa'rfkhBaghdadIX174-84.7AbuMuhammad'Amrb. Dinaral-Jumahi,d.126/744atageof80,see ShadharatI171.8'Abd Allahb.'Amrb.al-'Asal-Sahmi,d.65/685,seeShadharatI73.9ThisTradition is thus atusa'i(havingninelinks inthechain ofisnad),remarkableforanauthorwritinginthe7/13th century;butal-Bukhair's editor wasable toextractfrom hisal-Jami'al-sahziachoiceselection ofTraditionsconnected in that work(writtenin thefirst halfofthe3/9thcentury)byonlythree linkswith theProphet(thuldthTMyt,eeBrockelmann I159,Suppl.I264).Quiteaconsiderableliteratureof Traditiondevelopedalongthiscuriousline;and theChesterBeattycollectioncontains aunique copyofa workentitledal-Sdbiq wa-'l-ld&iq,abiographical dictionaryofTraditionists whodiedatwidelydifferentdates andyettransmittedthe one from theother;theauthor of this remarkableand valuablework wasthe celebratedAbuBakrAlhmadb.'Alial-Khatibal-Baghdadi(d.463/1071),writerofthe Ta'rikhBaghddd.10Muhammadb.Sa'id b. Ibrihimb.Nabhan al-Kitibal-Karkhi,Musannidof'Iraq,d.511/1117at theageof 100precisely,see Shadharat IV31.
340

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