2. EFFICIANT LEAF ARRANGEMENT :
NPTs are narrow, thick, erect and dark green color with optimum LAI composed of properly arrangedleaves, which remain active for longer period after flowering due to high sunlight interception they play important role in supporting grain formation resulting into more number of fertile grains per ear head.
3. SYNCHRONOUS TILLERING :
The growth and development of NPTs are more or less rhythmic i.e., high germination %, formationof all tillers at a time (during a specific period) and timely maturity of all the tillers. So, they havehighest synchronized coefficient as regards to the development and maturity of grains of differentears of a plant.Synchronization of tillering has been found to be dependent on other factors like moisture, proper secondary regrowth and adequate nutrient availability during the period.
4. LOW FLORET STERILITY :
Traditional tall varieties under heavy fertilizer application produce more sterile florets. NPT’s have avery low floret sterility % due to synchronized tillering into uniform ear head formation supported bylonger physiological activity if leaves at naturity.Low floret sterility an in NPT’s has also beenattributed due to increased activities of roots at grain formation stage.
5. SHORTER GROWTH DURATION :
NPT’s have shorter duration than tall varieties. The optimum growth duration of a variety is moreimportant for scheduling its irrigation and manuring for obtaining higher yield. At High N applicationlonger growth duration and at low N application, short duration variety is preferred for obtaininghigher dry matter production as well as more grain production efficiency i.e., grain yield/unit area/unittime. These short duration varieties can fit very well in under high cropping intensity programmes likemultiple and relay cropping.
6. ADAPTABILITY TO DIFFERENT CROP SEASONS :
All most all NPT’s are photo insensitive and completely resistant to fluctuations in day length. Theycan be grown under all crop seasons provided inputs like fertilizers and irrigations are adequately madeavailable, so higher yields can be obtained. However, some of the NPTs are thermo-sensitive and areaffected by variation in temperature during season.