Refers to description, classification and recognition of treespecies.
Forest menstruation :
Deals with the measurement of forest produce.
Forest Management :
Is the practical application of science, technique andeconomics to a forest estate for the production of certain desired results.
Forest utilization :
Branch of forestry dealing with the harvesting, marketing,conversion and putting the forest produce for a variety of uses like timber, fuel, pulp wood etc.
Wood technology :
Deals with the structure, physical, mechanical propertiesand behaviour of wood under varying conditions.
Forest policy and Administration :
Deals with the rules, regulations, laws and procedures that helps to conserve forests.
Forests protection :
Knowledge of the behaviour of the forest enemies viz.,Fire, Insects, Diseases, Wind, Animal and protection from them.
Deals with the integration of crops, forest plants or livestock simultaneously or sequentially on the same piece of land for sustainable landmanagement.
Although the forest management in India has been on a sound footing since 1864,the condition of the forests continued to deteriorate through over exploitation. Efforts weremade to conserve the forest resources. The first effort in this direction was made byenunciating the
first forest policy of India on 19
. The important featuresof this policy were :22.214.171.124.The state forests are to be administered for the benefit of the public.Forests on hill slopes may be protected.The requirements of people may be met from second class state forest.Whenever an effective demand for cultivable land exists, the needed landcan only be supplied from the forest area without habitation.