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Fracture bone plate FEA and Bone healing

Fracture bone plate FEA and Bone healing

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Published by Lokesh Patil
Project on analyzing three different geometries of fracture bone plates for long bones and their effect on healing of bone.
Project on analyzing three different geometries of fracture bone plates for long bones and their effect on healing of bone.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Lokesh Patil on Jan 07, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/24/2013

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C
OMPARING
 
THREE
 
DIFFERENT
 
FRACTURE
 
BONE
 
PLATE
 
ORIENTATIONS
 
FOR
 
TREATING
 
OBLIQUE
 
LONG
 
BONE
 
FRACTURES
 
By Lokesh PatilDept. of BioengineeringProject for MAE6310
 
I
NTRODUCTION
 
 
Once bone plate is surgically implanted, newbone tissue or callus starts to form in thefrature gap.
The formation of callus is affected bymechanical stimuli and becomes harder as healing period elapses
Purpose of plate is to provide biomechanicalstability with minimal disturbance tobiological environment
The callus heals most optimally under astrain of 2-10%
 
 A
SSUMPTIONS
 
Bone with a oblique fracture (0.5 mm gap) is simplifiedby a hybrid cylinder composed of cortical and trabecular bone
Metal-Biological tissue interfaces were given frictionalcontact with 0.4 frictional coefficient
Situation under consideration is after 4 weeks of fracture, i.e material properties of the tissue growthbetween fracture gap is from 4 weeks of fracture
Patient is assumed to be walking with crutches and the
load being put on the long bone is 10% of person’s total
weight(70kg)
Bone properties are assumed to be isotropic
Threads on the shafts in bone plate are not considered

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